Mediterranean maquis and arborescent matorral

Description (English)

Evergreen sclerophyllous or lauriphyllous shrub vegetation forming a dense closed canopy, with or without low emergent trees, on a wide variety of substrates and soils through the thermo- to meso-Mediterranean belts. May be permanent primary vegetation on xeric sites but is usually derived by degradation of evergreen deciduous or coniferous forest and much influenced in structure and composition by grazing and fire

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S5-1

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Erica arborea
Flowering Plants Myrtus communis
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Flowering Plants Arbutus unedo
Flowering Plants Cistus salvifolius
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Calicotome villosa
Flowering Plants Cistus monspeliensis
Flowering Plants Phillyrea angustifolia
Flowering Plants Rhamnus alaternus
Flowering Plants Lonicera implexa
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Cistus incanus
Flowering Plants Clematis flammula
Flowering Plants Pulicaria odora

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Erica arborea Flowering Plants
Myrtus communis Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Arbutus unedo Flowering Plants
Cistus salvifolius Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Calicotome villosa Flowering Plants
Cistus monspeliensis Flowering Plants
Phillyrea angustifolia Flowering Plants
Rhamnus alaternus Flowering Plants
Lonicera implexa Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Cistus incanus Flowering Plants
Clematis flammula Flowering Plants
Pulicaria odora Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Erica arborea
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Arbutus unedo
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Flowering Plants Cistus salvifolius
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Myrtus communis
Flowering Plants Rhamnus alaternus
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Phillyrea angustifolia
Flowering Plants Lonicera implexa
Flowering Plants Cistus monspeliensis
Flowering Plants Calicotome villosa
Flowering Plants Clematis flammula
Flowering Plants Daphne gnidium

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Erica arborea Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Arbutus unedo Flowering Plants
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Cistus salvifolius Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Myrtus communis Flowering Plants
Rhamnus alaternus Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Phillyrea angustifolia Flowering Plants
Lonicera implexa Flowering Plants
Cistus monspeliensis Flowering Plants
Calicotome villosa Flowering Plants
Clematis flammula Flowering Plants
Daphne gnidium Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Erica arborea
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Flowering Plants Myrtus communis
Flowering Plants Arbutus unedo
Flowering Plants Calicotome villosa
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Erica arborea Flowering Plants
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Myrtus communis Flowering Plants
Arbutus unedo Flowering Plants
Calicotome villosa Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F5.1 Arborescent matorral wider merged
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F5.2 Maquis wider merged
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) B2.5 Shingle and gravel beaches with scrub wider merged
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F5.1 Arborescent matorral same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F5.2 Maquis same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B2.5 Shingle and gravel beaches with scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F5.1 Arborescent matorral same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F5.2 Maquis same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B2.5 Shingle and gravel beaches with scrub vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F5.1 Arborescent matorral same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F5.2 Maquis same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B2.5 Shingle and gravel beaches with scrub vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F5.1 Arborescent matorral same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F5.2 Maquis same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B2.5 Shingle and gravel beaches with scrub vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F2.1 Arborescent matorral same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F2.2 Maquis same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.1 Arborescent matorral same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 32.1 Arborescent matorral same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 17.5 Gravel bank thickets same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 32.3 Meso-Mediterranean silicicolous maquis narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 32.2 Thermo-Mediterranean shrub formations narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 32.1 Arborescent matorral same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 17.5 Gravel bank thickets n/a
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 32.3 Meso-Mediterranean silicicolous maquis narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 32.2 Thermo-Mediterranean shrub formations narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.2   narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.3   narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 32.2   narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 32.3   narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 32.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 32.2   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 32.3   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 32.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 32.2   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 32.3   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 32.1   same
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