Submediterranean pseudomaquis

Description (English)

Mixed deciduous and evergreen scrub of shallow, rocky, mostly calcareous soils in the lowlands and foothills of southern Europe, particularly the east. Usually derived by forest degradation and much affected in structure and composition by grazing, fire and logging.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S5-2

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Flowering Plants Spartium junceum
Flowering Plants Chamaecytisus spinescens
Flowering Plants Paliurus spina-christi
Flowering Plants Osyris alba
Flowering Plants Cytisus sessilifolius
Flowering Plants Buxus sempervirens
Flowering Plants Pistacia terebinthus
Flowering Plants Lonicera etrusca
Flowering Plants Rhamnus alaternus
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Jasminum fruticans
Flowering Plants Viola alba
Flowering Plants Cephalaria leucantha
Flowering Plants Galium flavescens
Flowering Plants Saxifraga cuneata
Flowering Plants Jasonia glutinosa
Flowering Plants Clematis flammula

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Spartium junceum Flowering Plants
Chamaecytisus spinescens Flowering Plants
Paliurus spina-christi Flowering Plants
Osyris alba Flowering Plants
Cytisus sessilifolius Flowering Plants
Buxus sempervirens Flowering Plants
Pistacia terebinthus Flowering Plants
Lonicera etrusca Flowering Plants
Rhamnus alaternus Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Jasminum fruticans Flowering Plants
Viola alba Flowering Plants
Cephalaria leucantha Flowering Plants
Galium flavescens Flowering Plants
Saxifraga cuneata Flowering Plants
Jasonia glutinosa Flowering Plants
Clematis flammula Flowering Plants
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Buxus sempervirens
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Spartium junceum
Flowering Plants Rhamnus alaternus
Flowering Plants Pistacia terebinthus
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Flowering Plants Osyris alba
Flowering Plants Lonicera etrusca
Flowering Plants Fraxinus ornus
Flowering Plants Cytisus sessilifolius
Flowering Plants Viola alba
Flowering Plants Quercus pubescens
Flowering Plants Paliurus spina-christi
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Thymus vulgaris
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Flowering Plants Rosmarinus officinalis

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Buxus sempervirens Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Spartium junceum Flowering Plants
Rhamnus alaternus Flowering Plants
Pistacia terebinthus Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Osyris alba Flowering Plants
Lonicera etrusca Flowering Plants
Fraxinus ornus Flowering Plants
Cytisus sessilifolius Flowering Plants
Viola alba Flowering Plants
Quercus pubescens Flowering Plants
Paliurus spina-christi Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Thymus vulgaris Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Rosmarinus officinalis Flowering Plants
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Flowering Plants Buxus sempervirens
Flowering Plants Cytisus sessilifolius
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Paliurus spina-christi
Conifers Juniperus phoenicea
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Spartium junceum
Flowering Plants Rhamnus alaternus
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Flowering Plants Cornus mas
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Buxus sempervirens Flowering Plants
Cytisus sessilifolius Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Paliurus spina-christi Flowering Plants
Juniperus phoenicea Conifers
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Spartium junceum Flowering Plants
Rhamnus alaternus Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Cornus mas Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types
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