Spartium junceum scrub

Description (English)

Scrub dominated by Spartium junceum, typical of disturbed, open, sunny situations on a wide variety of soils through the Mediterranean and sub-Mediterranean, where its rapid establishment is favoured by post-fire seed germination, aggressive rooting, nitrogen-fixation and unpalatability.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S5-3

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Spartium junceum
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Clematis flammula
Flowering Plants Rosa sempervirens
Flowering Plants Dittrichia viscosa
Flowering Plants Paliurus spina-christi
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Foeniculum vulgare
Flowering Plants Clematis vitalba
Flowering Plants Quercus pubescens
Flowering Plants Pyrus amygdaliformis
Flowering Plants Centaurea aspera
Flowering Plants Psoralea bituminosa
Flowering Plants Galactites elegans
Flowering Plants Achillea ligustica
Flowering Plants Carlina corymbosa
Flowering Plants Fraxinus ornus
Flowering Plants Arundo plinii
Flowering Plants Asperula laevigata

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Spartium junceum Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Clematis flammula Flowering Plants
Rosa sempervirens Flowering Plants
Dittrichia viscosa Flowering Plants
Paliurus spina-christi Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Foeniculum vulgare Flowering Plants
Clematis vitalba Flowering Plants
Quercus pubescens Flowering Plants
Pyrus amygdaliformis Flowering Plants
Centaurea aspera Flowering Plants
Psoralea bituminosa Flowering Plants
Galactites elegans Flowering Plants
Achillea ligustica Flowering Plants
Carlina corymbosa Flowering Plants
Fraxinus ornus Flowering Plants
Arundo plinii Flowering Plants
Asperula laevigata Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Spartium junceum
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Clematis vitalba
Flowering Plants Quercus pubescens
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Flowering Plants Fraxinus ornus
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Clematis flammula
Flowering Plants Sanguisorba minor
Flowering Plants Rosa sempervirens
Flowering Plants Ulmus minor
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Prunus spinosa
Flowering Plants Cornus sanguinea
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Dittrichia viscosa

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Spartium junceum Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Clematis vitalba Flowering Plants
Quercus pubescens Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Fraxinus ornus Flowering Plants
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Clematis flammula Flowering Plants
Sanguisorba minor Flowering Plants
Rosa sempervirens Flowering Plants
Ulmus minor Flowering Plants
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Prunus spinosa Flowering Plants
Cornus sanguinea Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Dittrichia viscosa Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Spartium junceum
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Spartium junceum Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F5.4 Spartium junceum fields same new name and description
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F5.4 Spartium junceum fields same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F5.4 Spartium junceum fields same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F5.4 Spartium junceum fields same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F5.4 Spartium junceum fields same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F2.42 Spartium junceum fields same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.A Spanish-broom Spartium junceum fields same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 32.A Spanish-broom fields same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 32.A Spanish-broom fields same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.A   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 32.A   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 32.A   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 32.A   same
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