Eastern garrigue

Description (English)

Low, mostly evergreen sclerophyllous scrub on diverse soils through the eastern meso-, thermo- and occasionally supramediterranean belts, including around the Black Sea, where deciduous species can prevail. Derived by forest degradation and usually maintained by grazing and fire, their structure and composition vary greatly with local climate and human impacts.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S6-3

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Phlomis fruticosa
Flowering Plants Erica manipuliflora
Flowering Plants Micromeria juliana
Flowering Plants Tordylium apulum
Flowering Plants Salvia officinalis
Flowering Plants Urginea maritima
Flowering Plants Cistus incanus
Flowering Plants Quercus coccifera
Flowering Plants Convolvulus althaeoides
Flowering Plants Thymbra capitata
Flowering Plants Desmazeria rigida
Flowering Plants Satureja thymbra
Flowering Plants Genista acanthoclada
Flowering Plants Asphodeline lutea
Flowering Plants Briza maxima
Flowering Plants Crepis rubra
Flowering Plants Carlina corymbosa
Flowering Plants Cynosurus echinatus
Flowering Plants Fumana ericoides
Flowering Plants Leontodon tuberosus

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Phlomis fruticosa Flowering Plants
Erica manipuliflora Flowering Plants
Micromeria juliana Flowering Plants
Tordylium apulum Flowering Plants
Salvia officinalis Flowering Plants
Urginea maritima Flowering Plants
Cistus incanus Flowering Plants
Quercus coccifera Flowering Plants
Convolvulus althaeoides Flowering Plants
Thymbra capitata Flowering Plants
Desmazeria rigida Flowering Plants
Satureja thymbra Flowering Plants
Genista acanthoclada Flowering Plants
Asphodeline lutea Flowering Plants
Briza maxima Flowering Plants
Crepis rubra Flowering Plants
Carlina corymbosa Flowering Plants
Cynosurus echinatus Flowering Plants
Fumana ericoides Flowering Plants
Leontodon tuberosus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Phlomis fruticosa
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Erica manipuliflora
Flowering Plants Quercus coccifera
Flowering Plants Micromeria juliana
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Cistus incanus
Flowering Plants Tordylium apulum
Flowering Plants Desmazeria rigida
Flowering Plants Urginea maritima
Flowering Plants Teucrium polium
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Flowering Plants Cynosurus echinatus
Flowering Plants Cistus salvifolius
Flowering Plants Carlina corymbosa
Flowering Plants Briza maxima
Flowering Plants Thymbra capitata
Flowering Plants Salvia officinalis
Flowering Plants Convolvulus althaeoides

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Phlomis fruticosa Flowering Plants
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Erica manipuliflora Flowering Plants
Quercus coccifera Flowering Plants
Micromeria juliana Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Cistus incanus Flowering Plants
Tordylium apulum Flowering Plants
Desmazeria rigida Flowering Plants
Urginea maritima Flowering Plants
Teucrium polium Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Cynosurus echinatus Flowering Plants
Cistus salvifolius Flowering Plants
Carlina corymbosa Flowering Plants
Briza maxima Flowering Plants
Thymbra capitata Flowering Plants
Salvia officinalis Flowering Plants
Convolvulus althaeoides Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Phlomis fruticosa
Flowering Plants Erica manipuliflora
Flowering Plants Urginea maritima
Flowering Plants Cistus salvifolius
Flowering Plants Cistus incanus
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Phlomis fruticosa Flowering Plants
Erica manipuliflora Flowering Plants
Urginea maritima Flowering Plants
Cistus salvifolius Flowering Plants
Cistus incanus Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F6.4 Black Sea garrigues complex merge and split
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F6.2 Eastern garrigues complex merge and split
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F6.3 Illyrian garrigues complex merge and split
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F6.6 (part) Supra-Mediterranean garrigues complex merge and split
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F6.4 Black Sea garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F6.2 Eastern garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F6.3 Illyrian garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F6.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F6.4 Black Sea garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F6.2 Eastern garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F6.3 Illyrian garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F6.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F6.4 Black Sea garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F6.2 Eastern garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F6.3 Illyrian garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F6.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F6.4 Black Sea garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F6.2 Eastern garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F6.3 Illyrian garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F6.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F5.1 Acid garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F5.3 Cistus garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.C Black Sea garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.5 Eastern garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.B South-eastern Central European garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 32.5 Eastern garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 32.C Euxinian garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 32.B Illyrian garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 32.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 32.5 Eastern garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 32.C Euxinian garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 32.B Illyrian garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 32.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.6   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.B   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.C   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 32.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 32.6   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 32.B   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 32.C   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 32.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 32.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 32.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 32.6   same
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