Mediterranean riparian scrub

Description (English)

Usually open scrub of Tamarix spp., Nerium oleander, Vitex agnus-castus and similar shrubs and small trees on seasonally droughted and irregularly flooded riverbeds, streamsides and depressions through the thermo- and mesomediterranean belts.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S9-4
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Nerium oleander
Flowering Plants Vitex agnus-castus
Flowering Plants Tamarix gallica
Flowering Plants Tamarix africana
Flowering Plants Tamarix canariensis
Flowering Plants Oxalis pes-caprae
Flowering Plants Juncus acutus
Flowering Plants Tamarix hampeana
Conifers Suaeda braun-blanquetii
Flowering Plants Atriplex halimus
Flowering Plants Piptatherum miliaceum
Flowering Plants Rubus sanctus
Flowering Plants Hypericum hircinum
Flowering Plants Parietaria cretica
Flowering Plants Dracunculus vulgaris
Flowering Plants Arisarum vulgare
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Sarcopoterium spinosum
Flowering Plants Phlomis lanata

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Nerium oleander Flowering Plants
Vitex agnus-castus Flowering Plants
Tamarix gallica Flowering Plants
Tamarix africana Flowering Plants
Tamarix canariensis Flowering Plants
Oxalis pes-caprae Flowering Plants
Juncus acutus Flowering Plants
Tamarix hampeana Flowering Plants
Suaeda braun-blanquetii Conifers
Atriplex halimus Flowering Plants
Piptatherum miliaceum Flowering Plants
Rubus sanctus Flowering Plants
Hypericum hircinum Flowering Plants
Parietaria cretica Flowering Plants
Dracunculus vulgaris Flowering Plants
Arisarum vulgare Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Sarcopoterium spinosum Flowering Plants
Phlomis lanata Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Nerium oleander
Flowering Plants Vitex agnus-castus
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Tamarix gallica
Flowering Plants Tamarix africana
Flowering Plants Galium aparine
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Flowering Plants Solanum dulcamara
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Piptatherum miliaceum
Flowering Plants Phragmites australis
Flowering Plants Juncus acutus
Flowering Plants Arisarum vulgare
Flowering Plants Tamarix canariensis
Flowering Plants Atriplex prostrata

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Nerium oleander Flowering Plants
Vitex agnus-castus Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Tamarix gallica Flowering Plants
Tamarix africana Flowering Plants
Galium aparine Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Solanum dulcamara Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Piptatherum miliaceum Flowering Plants
Phragmites australis Flowering Plants
Juncus acutus Flowering Plants
Arisarum vulgare Flowering Plants
Tamarix canariensis Flowering Plants
Atriplex prostrata Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Nerium oleander
Flowering Plants Tamarix gallica
Flowering Plants Vitex agnus-castus
Flowering Plants Tamarix africana
Flowering Plants Tamarix canariensis
Flowering Plants Tamarix hampeana

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Nerium oleander Flowering Plants
Tamarix gallica Flowering Plants
Vitex agnus-castus Flowering Plants
Tamarix africana Flowering Plants
Tamarix canariensis Flowering Plants
Tamarix hampeana Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F9.3 Southern riparian galleries and thickets same new name and description
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F9.3 Southern riparian galleries and thickets same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F9.3 Southern riparian galleries and thickets same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F9.3 Southern riparian galleries and thickets same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F9.3 Southern riparian galleries and thickets same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.39 Southern riparian galleries and thickets same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G1.2 Southern riparian galleries and thickets same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 44.8 Southern riparian galleries and thickets same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 44.8 Southern riparian galleries and thickets same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 44.8   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 44.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 44.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 44.8   same
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