EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T1 - Broadleaved deciduous forest > T1-3 - Temperate and boreal hardwood riparian forest

Temperate and boreal hardwood riparian forest

Description (English)

Mixed broadleaved forests typical of less-frequently flooded, well-aerated mineral soils on floodplains of the middle and lower reaches of major European rivers. The canopy in high-forest stands can be very tall and multi-layered and is typically dominated by various mixtures of Fraxinus excelsior, F. angustifoliae, Alnus glutinosa with A. incana towards the upper reaches of rivers outside the Atlantic zone, Populus alba, P. tremula, P. nigra, P. canescens, Acer pseudoplatanus, Quercus robur, Prunus avium, Ulmus glabra, U. minor and U. laevis. There is typically an abundant and varied understorey, again often structurally complex, with a range of small trees, shrubs and lianes that are more typical of mesic deciduous forests (such as T1-E Carpinus and Quercus mesic deciduous forest) .

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-3

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Ranunculus ficaria
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Stachys sylvatica
Flowering Plants Festuca gigantea
Flowering Plants Carex sylvatica
Flowering Plants Rubus caesius
Mosses & Liverworts Plagiomnium undulatum
Flowering Plants Anemone nemorosa
Flowering Plants Ulmus minor
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Circaea lutetiana
Flowering Plants Geum urbanum
Flowering Plants Prunus padus
Flowering Plants Euonymus europaeus
Flowering Plants Adoxa moschatellina
Flowering Plants Rumex sanguineus
Flowering Plants Glechoma hederacea
Flowering Plants Carex remota
Flowering Plants Alnus glutinosa
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Ranunculus ficaria Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Stachys sylvatica Flowering Plants
Festuca gigantea Flowering Plants
Carex sylvatica Flowering Plants
Rubus caesius Flowering Plants
Plagiomnium undulatum Mosses & Liverworts
Anemone nemorosa Flowering Plants
Ulmus minor Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Circaea lutetiana Flowering Plants
Geum urbanum Flowering Plants
Prunus padus Flowering Plants
Euonymus europaeus Flowering Plants
Adoxa moschatellina Flowering Plants
Rumex sanguineus Flowering Plants
Glechoma hederacea Flowering Plants
Carex remota Flowering Plants
Alnus glutinosa Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Urtica dioica
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Deschampsia cespitosa
Flowering Plants Stachys sylvatica
Flowering Plants Brachypodium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Geum urbanum
Flowering Plants Circaea lutetiana
Flowering Plants Ranunculus ficaria
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Glechoma hederacea
Flowering Plants Anemone nemorosa
Flowering Plants Euonymus europaeus
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Lamiastrum galeobdolon
Flowering Plants Rubus caesius
Flowering Plants Carex sylvatica
Flowering Plants Galium aparine
Flowering Plants Aegopodium podagraria
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Urtica dioica Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Deschampsia cespitosa Flowering Plants
Stachys sylvatica Flowering Plants
Brachypodium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Geum urbanum Flowering Plants
Circaea lutetiana Flowering Plants
Ranunculus ficaria Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Glechoma hederacea Flowering Plants
Anemone nemorosa Flowering Plants
Euonymus europaeus Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Lamiastrum galeobdolon Flowering Plants
Rubus caesius Flowering Plants
Carex sylvatica Flowering Plants
Galium aparine Flowering Plants
Aegopodium podagraria Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Ranunculus ficaria
Flowering Plants Anemone nemorosa
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Lamiastrum galeobdolon
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Aegopodium podagraria
Flowering Plants Prunus padus
Flowering Plants Carpinus betulus
Flowering Plants Urtica dioica
Flowering Plants Rubus caesius
Flowering Plants Alnus glutinosa
Flowering Plants Ulmus minor
Flowering Plants Mercurialis perennis
Flowering Plants Acer pseudoplatanus

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Ranunculus ficaria Flowering Plants
Anemone nemorosa Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Lamiastrum galeobdolon Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Aegopodium podagraria Flowering Plants
Prunus padus Flowering Plants
Carpinus betulus Flowering Plants
Urtica dioica Flowering Plants
Rubus caesius Flowering Plants
Alnus glutinosa Flowering Plants
Ulmus minor Flowering Plants
Mercurialis perennis Flowering Plants
Acer pseudoplatanus Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.2 Mixed riparian floodplain and gallery woodland narrower split into Alnus dominated & non Alnus dominated types
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.2 Mixed riparian floodplain and gallery woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.2 Fluvial Fraxinus - Alnus and Quercus - Ulmus - Fraxinus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.2 Fluvial Fraxinus - Alnus and Quercus - Ulmus - Fraxinus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.2 Fluvial Fraxinus - Alnus and Quercus - Ulmus - Fraxinus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.2 Fluvial Fraxinus-Alnus and Quercus-Ulmus-Fraxinus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G1.4 Fluvial ash-alder and oak-elm-ash woodland same
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