EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T1 - Broadleaved deciduous forest > T1-6 - Broadleaved swamp forest on acid peat

Broadleaved swamp forest on acid peat

Description (English)

Deciduous broadleaved or mixed forest on acid peat on or around active bogs and poor fens with nutrient-poor ground waters occurring through the atlantic and boreal zones and locally, where ground conditions permit, in the continental zone. Usually dominated by birch (Betula pubescens) but with increasing amounts of Scot’s pine (Pinus sylvestris) towards the boreal zone.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-6

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum fimbriatum
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichum commune
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum squarrosum
Flowering Plants Salix aurita
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum palustre
Flowering Plants Frangula alnus
Flowering Plants Betula pendula
Mosses & Liverworts Aulacomnium palustre

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Sphagnum fimbriatum Mosses & Liverworts
Polytrichum commune Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum squarrosum Mosses & Liverworts
Salix aurita Flowering Plants
Sphagnum palustre Mosses & Liverworts
Frangula alnus Flowering Plants
Betula pendula Flowering Plants
Aulacomnium palustre Mosses & Liverworts
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Frangula alnus
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Ferns Dryopteris carthusiana
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum palustre
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Juncus effusus
Mosses & Liverworts Aulacomnium palustre
Ferns Dryopteris dilatata
Flowering Plants Betula pendula
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichum commune
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Salix cinerea
Flowering Plants Lonicera periclymenum
Flowering Plants Potentilla erecta

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Frangula alnus Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Dryopteris carthusiana Ferns
Sphagnum palustre Mosses & Liverworts
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Juncus effusus Flowering Plants
Aulacomnium palustre Mosses & Liverworts
Dryopteris dilatata Ferns
Betula pendula Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Polytrichum commune Mosses & Liverworts
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Salix cinerea Flowering Plants
Lonicera periclymenum Flowering Plants
Potentilla erecta Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Betula pendula
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum palustre
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum fallax
Flowering Plants Eriophorum vaginatum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Betula pendula Flowering Plants
Sphagnum palustre Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum fallax Mosses & Liverworts
Eriophorum vaginatum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.5 Broadleaved swamp woodland on acid peat same new description
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.5 Broadleaved swamp woodland on acid peat same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.5 Broadleaved swamp woodland on acid peat same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.5 Broadleaved swamp woodland on acid peat same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.5 Broadleaved swamp woodland on acid peat same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.5 Acid peatland broadleaved swamp woodland same
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