Fagus forest on non-acid soils

Description (English)

Beech- (Fagus sylvatica and F. orientalis) dominated forests of base-rich to neutral, oligotrophic to mesotrophic, mineral soils occurring through the atlantic and continental zones, and reaching into the alpine and, at higher altitudes, the submediterranean region. Associated trees, including evergreen conifers like fir (Abies alba) and spruce (Picea abies) which figures at the altitudinal limit, are always subordinate in cover and usually in height, though broadleaved associates are more extensive and diverse on richer soils and, like the usually sparse shrub layer, show regional climate-related variation. The field layer can be species-rich.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-7
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Galium odoratum
Flowering Plants Viola reichenbachiana
Flowering Plants Lamiastrum galeobdolon
Flowering Plants Mycelis muralis
Flowering Plants Mercurialis perennis
Flowering Plants Cardamine bulbifera
Flowering Plants Prenanthes purpurea
Flowering Plants Acer pseudoplatanus
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Galium odoratum Flowering Plants
Viola reichenbachiana Flowering Plants
Lamiastrum galeobdolon Flowering Plants
Mycelis muralis Flowering Plants
Mercurialis perennis Flowering Plants
Cardamine bulbifera Flowering Plants
Prenanthes purpurea Flowering Plants
Acer pseudoplatanus Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Galium odoratum
Flowering Plants Viola reichenbachiana
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Lamiastrum galeobdolon
Flowering Plants Acer pseudoplatanus
Ferns Dryopteris filix-mas
Flowering Plants Mercurialis perennis
Flowering Plants Mycelis muralis
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Ferns Athyrium filix-femina
Flowering Plants Anemone nemorosa
Flowering Plants Poa nemoralis
Flowering Plants Carex sylvatica
Flowering Plants Prenanthes purpurea
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Euphorbia amygdaloides
Conifers Abies alba

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Galium odoratum Flowering Plants
Viola reichenbachiana Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Lamiastrum galeobdolon Flowering Plants
Acer pseudoplatanus Flowering Plants
Dryopteris filix-mas Ferns
Mercurialis perennis Flowering Plants
Mycelis muralis Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Athyrium filix-femina Ferns
Anemone nemorosa Flowering Plants
Poa nemoralis Flowering Plants
Carex sylvatica Flowering Plants
Prenanthes purpurea Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Euphorbia amygdaloides Flowering Plants
Abies alba Conifers
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Galium odoratum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Galium odoratum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types
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