Medio-European limestone Fagus forests

Description (English)

Xero-thermophile Fagus sylvatica forests developed on calcareous, often superficial, soils, usually of steep slopes, of the medio-European and Atlantic domaines of Western Europe and of central and northern Central Europe (also present in Greece), with a generally abundant herb and shrub undergrowth, characterised by sedges (Carex spp.), grasses (Sesleria albicans, Brachypodium pinnatum), orchids (Cephalanthera spp., Neottia nidus-avis, Epipactis spp.) of alliance Cephalanthero-Fagenion and thermophile species, transgressive of the Quercetalia pubescenti-petraeae. The bush-layer includes several calcicolous species (Ligustrum vulgare, Berberis vulgaris) and Buxus sempervirens can dominate.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-74

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Berberis vulgaris
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Buxus sempervirens
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Ligustrum vulgare
Flowering Plants Neottia nidus-avis
Flowering Plants Sesleria albicans
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Berberis vulgaris Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Buxus sempervirens Flowering Plants
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Ligustrum vulgare Flowering Plants
Neottia nidus-avis Flowering Plants
Sesleria albicans Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.66 Medio-European limestone Fagus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.66 Medio-European limestone Fagus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.66 Medio-European limestone Fagus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.66 Medio-European limestone Fagus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.66 Medio-European limestone Fagus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.66 Medio-European limestone Fagus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G1.76 Medio-European limestone beech forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 41.16 Medio-European limestone beech forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 41.16 Medio-European limestone beech forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 41.16   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 41.16   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 41.16   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 41.16   same
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