Caspian Fagus forests

Description (English)

Forests of Fagus orientalis on north slopes of the Elburz Mountains, at the 1400-1800 metre level, under the climatic influence of the Caspian Sea, with cool temperatures and moderate annual precipitation, typically with abundant snowfall; the beech is either accompanied by Acer insigne, Alnus subcordata, Carpinus betulus, Quercus castaneifolia, Sorbus torminalis, Taxus baccata, Ulmus glabra, or growing in pure formations, the presence of other tree species diminishing towards the upper altitudinal levels; a luxurient understorey includes Ilex hyrcanica, Daphne pontica, Vaccinium arctostaphylos.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-7G

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Carpinus betulus
Flowering Plants Daphne pontica
Flowering Plants Fagus orientalis
Flowering Plants Sorbus torminalis
Conifers Taxus baccata
Flowering Plants Ulmus glabra
Flowering Plants Vaccinium arctostaphylos
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carpinus betulus Flowering Plants
Daphne pontica Flowering Plants
Fagus orientalis Flowering Plants
Sorbus torminalis Flowering Plants
Taxus baccata Conifers
Ulmus glabra Flowering Plants
Vaccinium arctostaphylos Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.6I Caspian Fagus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.6I Caspian Fagus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.6I Caspian Fagus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.6I Caspian Fagus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.6I Caspian Fagus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.6I Caspian Fagus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G1.7I Caspian beech forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 41.1I Caspian beech forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 41.1I Caspian beech forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 41.1I   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 41.1I   same
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