Fagus forest on acid soils

Description (English)

Beech (Fagus sylvatica and F. orientalis) dominated forests of oligotrophic, base-poor mineral soils through the atlantic and continental zones, into the alpine and, at higher altitudes, the submediterranean zone. Associated broadleaved trees are few and always subordinate in cover, though oaks may be co-dominant. Evergreen conifers like fir (Abies alba) and, at the altitudinal limit, spruce (Picea abies) can figure as minority canopy components. The field layer is generally species-poor.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-8
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichastrum formosum
Flowering Plants Luzula luzuloides
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranella heteromalla
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Polytrichastrum formosum Mosses & Liverworts
Luzula luzuloides Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Dicranella heteromalla Mosses & Liverworts
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichastrum formosum
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Luzula luzuloides
Flowering Plants Quercus petraea
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Hieracium murorum
Flowering Plants Ilex aquifolium
Flowering Plants Prenanthes purpurea
Ferns Athyrium filix-femina
Conifers Abies alba
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Flowering Plants Poa nemoralis
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Acer pseudoplatanus

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Polytrichastrum formosum Mosses & Liverworts
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Luzula luzuloides Flowering Plants
Quercus petraea Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Hieracium murorum Flowering Plants
Ilex aquifolium Flowering Plants
Prenanthes purpurea Flowering Plants
Athyrium filix-femina Ferns
Abies alba Conifers
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Poa nemoralis Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Acer pseudoplatanus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types
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