EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T1 - Broadleaved deciduous forest > T1-A - Mediterranean thermophilous deciduous forest

Mediterranean thermophilous deciduous forest

Description (English)

Mediterranean deciduous forests usually dominated by Quercus ithaburensis ssp macroleptis forming open forest, the canopy may be pure or with other oaks. Stands are mostly on shallow soil at usually at altitudes less than 700m.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-A

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Quercus ithaburensis
Flowering Plants Asphodelus ramosus
Flowering Plants Sarcopoterium spinosum
Flowering Plants Rumex tuberosus
Flowering Plants Theligonum cynocrambe
Flowering Plants Briza maxima
Flowering Plants Veronica cymbalaria
Flowering Plants Hymenocarpos circinnatus
Flowering Plants Tordylium apulum
Flowering Plants Urospermum picroides
Flowering Plants Lagoecia cuminoides
Flowering Plants Trifolium uniflorum
Flowering Plants Anthemis chia
Flowering Plants Leontodon tuberosus
Flowering Plants Trifolium stellatum
Flowering Plants Avena barbata
Flowering Plants Urginea maritima
Flowering Plants Gagea graeca
Flowering Plants Carduus pycnocephalus
Flowering Plants Galium murale

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Quercus ithaburensis Flowering Plants
Asphodelus ramosus Flowering Plants
Sarcopoterium spinosum Flowering Plants
Rumex tuberosus Flowering Plants
Theligonum cynocrambe Flowering Plants
Briza maxima Flowering Plants
Veronica cymbalaria Flowering Plants
Hymenocarpos circinnatus Flowering Plants
Tordylium apulum Flowering Plants
Urospermum picroides Flowering Plants
Lagoecia cuminoides Flowering Plants
Trifolium uniflorum Flowering Plants
Anthemis chia Flowering Plants
Leontodon tuberosus Flowering Plants
Trifolium stellatum Flowering Plants
Avena barbata Flowering Plants
Urginea maritima Flowering Plants
Gagea graeca Flowering Plants
Carduus pycnocephalus Flowering Plants
Galium murale Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Quercus ithaburensis
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Asphodelus ramosus
Flowering Plants Galium aparine
Flowering Plants Briza maxima
Flowering Plants Trifolium campestre
Flowering Plants Sarcopoterium spinosum
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Sherardia arvensis
Flowering Plants Avena barbata
Flowering Plants Theligonum cynocrambe
Flowering Plants Cynosurus echinatus
Flowering Plants Urospermum picroides
Flowering Plants Urginea maritima
Flowering Plants Trifolium stellatum
Flowering Plants Tordylium apulum
Flowering Plants Rumex tuberosus
Flowering Plants Quercus coccifera
Flowering Plants Cistus incanus
Flowering Plants Veronica cymbalaria

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Quercus ithaburensis Flowering Plants
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Asphodelus ramosus Flowering Plants
Galium aparine Flowering Plants
Briza maxima Flowering Plants
Trifolium campestre Flowering Plants
Sarcopoterium spinosum Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Sherardia arvensis Flowering Plants
Avena barbata Flowering Plants
Theligonum cynocrambe Flowering Plants
Cynosurus echinatus Flowering Plants
Urospermum picroides Flowering Plants
Urginea maritima Flowering Plants
Trifolium stellatum Flowering Plants
Tordylium apulum Flowering Plants
Rumex tuberosus Flowering Plants
Quercus coccifera Flowering Plants
Cistus incanus Flowering Plants
Veronica cymbalaria Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Quercus ithaburensis
Flowering Plants Phlomis fruticosa
Flowering Plants Sarcopoterium spinosum
Flowering Plants Asphodelus ramosus
Flowering Plants Cistus incanus

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Quercus ithaburensis Flowering Plants
Phlomis fruticosa Flowering Plants
Sarcopoterium spinosum Flowering Plants
Asphodelus ramosus Flowering Plants
Cistus incanus Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.79 Mediterranean Quercus macrolepis woodland same Change of level (G1.7 split into Mediterranean and Temperate/submediterranean types)
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.79 Mediterranean Quercus macrolepis woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.79 Mediterranean Quercus macrolepis woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.79 Mediterranean Quercus macrolepis woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.79 Mediterranean Quercus macrolepis woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.79 Mediterranean Quercus macrolepis woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G1.929 Mediterranean valonia oak woodland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 41.79 Mediterranean valonia oak woodland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 41.79 Mediterranean valonia oak woodland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 41.79   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 41.79   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 41.79   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 45.5   same
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