EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T1 - Broadleaved deciduous forest > T1-C - Boreal-nemoral mountain Betula forest on mineral soils

Boreal-nemoral mountain Betula forest on mineral soils

Description (English)

Open, low canopy climax birch forest (Betula pubescens ssp.czerepanovii = B. tortuosa or ssp.carpatica) with a heathy or herb-rich field layer in the boreal region and nemoral mountains.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-C

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens subsp. carpatica
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum majus
Mosses & Liverworts Rhytidiadelphus loreus
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens subsp. tortuosa
Mosses & Liverworts Plagiothecium undulatum
Flowering Plants Melampyrum pratense
Flowering Plants Prunus padus subsp. borealis
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Agrostis vinealis
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Flowering Plants Salix silesiaca
Ferns Oreopteris limbosperma
Flowering Plants Galium saxatile
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Poa pratensis subsp. alpigena
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis villosa
Conifers Pinus mugo

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula pubescens subsp. carpatica Flowering Plants
Dicranum majus Mosses & Liverworts
Rhytidiadelphus loreus Mosses & Liverworts
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Betula pubescens subsp. tortuosa Flowering Plants
Plagiothecium undulatum Mosses & Liverworts
Melampyrum pratense Flowering Plants
Prunus padus subsp. borealis Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Agrostis vinealis Flowering Plants
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Salix silesiaca Flowering Plants
Oreopteris limbosperma Ferns
Galium saxatile Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Poa pratensis subsp. alpigena Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis villosa Flowering Plants
Pinus mugo Conifers
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens subsp. carpatica
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Melampyrum pratense
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Mosses & Liverworts Rhytidiadelphus loreus
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichastrum formosum
Flowering Plants Galium saxatile
Mosses & Liverworts Thuidium tamariscinum
Flowering Plants Luzula sylvatica
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Potentilla erecta
Ferns Blechnum spicant

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Betula pubescens subsp. carpatica Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Melampyrum pratense Flowering Plants
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Picea abies Conifers
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Rhytidiadelphus loreus Mosses & Liverworts
Polytrichastrum formosum Mosses & Liverworts
Galium saxatile Flowering Plants
Thuidium tamariscinum Mosses & Liverworts
Luzula sylvatica Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Potentilla erecta Flowering Plants
Blechnum spicant Ferns
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens subsp. carpatica
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis villosa
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Rhododendron hirsutum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula pubescens subsp. carpatica Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis villosa Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Rhododendron hirsutum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula or Sorbus aucuparia narrower split into northern & southern types
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula or Sorbus aucuparia same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula, Sorbus aucuparia or Corylus avellana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula, Sorbus aucuparia or Corylus avellana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula, Sorbus aucuparia or Corylus avellana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Alnus, Populus tremula, Betula or Ulmus same
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