EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T1 - Broadleaved deciduous forest > T1-D - Mediterranean and sub-Mediterranean mountain Betula and Populus tremula forests on mineral soils

Mediterranean and sub-Mediterranean mountain Betula and Populus tremula forests on mineral soils

Description (English)

Diverse climax forests dominated by birch (Betula pubescens and its vicariants) or aspen (Populus tremula) on usually acidic mineral soils in humid ravines and gorges in the sub-alpine zones of mountains such as the Pyrenees, Corsica, the Apennines and, Sicily, with associated floras characteristic of the local climatic conditions.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-D

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens subsp. celtiberica
Flowering Plants Erica arborea
Flowering Plants Saxifraga spathularis
Flowering Plants Crepis lampsanoides
Flowering Plants Genista florida
Ferns Blechnum spicant
Flowering Plants Salix atrocinerea
Flowering Plants Daboecia cantabrica
Flowering Plants Cytisus balansae
Ferns Dryopteris affinis
Flowering Plants Teucrium scorodonia
Flowering Plants Omphalodes nitida
Flowering Plants Quercus pyrenaica
Flowering Plants Stellaria holostea
Flowering Plants Luzula sylvatica
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Ilex aquifolium
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula pubescens subsp. celtiberica Flowering Plants
Erica arborea Flowering Plants
Saxifraga spathularis Flowering Plants
Crepis lampsanoides Flowering Plants
Genista florida Flowering Plants
Blechnum spicant Ferns
Salix atrocinerea Flowering Plants
Daboecia cantabrica Flowering Plants
Cytisus balansae Flowering Plants
Dryopteris affinis Ferns
Teucrium scorodonia Flowering Plants
Omphalodes nitida Flowering Plants
Quercus pyrenaica Flowering Plants
Stellaria holostea Flowering Plants
Luzula sylvatica Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Ilex aquifolium Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens subsp. celtiberica
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Erica arborea
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Stellaria holostea
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Teucrium scorodonia
Ferns Blechnum spicant
Flowering Plants Lonicera periclymenum
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Ilex aquifolium
Flowering Plants Frangula alnus
Flowering Plants Poa nemoralis
Flowering Plants Luzula sylvatica
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Melampyrum pratense
Ferns Athyrium filix-femina
Flowering Plants Saxifraga spathularis

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula pubescens subsp. celtiberica Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Erica arborea Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Stellaria holostea Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Teucrium scorodonia Flowering Plants
Blechnum spicant Ferns
Lonicera periclymenum Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Ilex aquifolium Flowering Plants
Frangula alnus Flowering Plants
Poa nemoralis Flowering Plants
Luzula sylvatica Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Melampyrum pratense Flowering Plants
Athyrium filix-femina Ferns
Saxifraga spathularis Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens subsp. celtiberica
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Betula pendula
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Luzula sylvatica
Flowering Plants Erica arborea

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula pubescens subsp. celtiberica Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Betula pendula Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Luzula sylvatica Flowering Plants
Erica arborea Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula or Sorbus aucuparia narrower split into northern & southern types
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula or Sorbus aucuparia same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula, Sorbus aucuparia or Corylus avellana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula, Sorbus aucuparia or Corylus avellana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula, Sorbus aucuparia or Corylus avellana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Alnus, Populus tremula, Betula or Ulmus same
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