EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T1 - Broadleaved deciduous forest > T1-E - Carpinus and Quercus mesic deciduous forest

Carpinus and Quercus mesic deciduous forest

Description (English)

Deciduous broadleaved forests typical of somewhat to strongly impeded brown earth soils and gleys of quite low, moderate to high base-status and moderate to high nutrient content across the lowlands and foothills of the temperate zone of western, central and southern Europe, with local extensions into regions of sub-Mediterranean, Pannonian and Boreal climate. Partially this includes alluvial Quercus/ Carpinus-dominated forests in mountain valleys with infrequent indundation. The canopy is typically of mixed composition with oaks figuring prominently, notably Quercus robur and Q. petraea but with regional contributions from other oaks, along with Carpinus betulus, Fraxinus excelsior, F. angustifolia, Acer pseudoplatanus, A. campestre, A. platanoides, Ulmus glabra, Tilia cordata and T. tomentosa. Typically, Fagus sylvatica is at most a minor component. The canopy can have a complex, multi-layered structure including shrubs and lianes while the herb layer can be species rich with much regional variation in composition.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-E

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Carpinus betulus
Flowering Plants Quercus petraea
Flowering Plants Acer campestre
Flowering Plants Polygonatum multiflorum
Flowering Plants Viola reichenbachiana
Flowering Plants Stellaria holostea
Flowering Plants Anemone nemorosa
Flowering Plants Poa nemoralis
Flowering Plants Lamiastrum galeobdolon
Flowering Plants Prunus avium

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carpinus betulus Flowering Plants
Quercus petraea Flowering Plants
Acer campestre Flowering Plants
Polygonatum multiflorum Flowering Plants
Viola reichenbachiana Flowering Plants
Stellaria holostea Flowering Plants
Anemone nemorosa Flowering Plants
Poa nemoralis Flowering Plants
Lamiastrum galeobdolon Flowering Plants
Prunus avium Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Carpinus betulus
Flowering Plants Quercus petraea
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Viola reichenbachiana
Flowering Plants Acer campestre
Flowering Plants Poa nemoralis
Flowering Plants Lamiastrum galeobdolon
Flowering Plants Anemone nemorosa
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Polygonatum multiflorum
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Flowering Plants Stellaria holostea
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Prunus avium
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Galium odoratum
Flowering Plants Fragaria vesca
Flowering Plants Brachypodium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Geum urbanum

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carpinus betulus Flowering Plants
Quercus petraea Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Viola reichenbachiana Flowering Plants
Acer campestre Flowering Plants
Poa nemoralis Flowering Plants
Lamiastrum galeobdolon Flowering Plants
Anemone nemorosa Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Polygonatum multiflorum Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Stellaria holostea Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Prunus avium Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Galium odoratum Flowering Plants
Fragaria vesca Flowering Plants
Brachypodium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Geum urbanum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Carpinus betulus
Flowering Plants Quercus petraea
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Anemone nemorosa
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carpinus betulus Flowering Plants
Quercus petraea Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Anemone nemorosa Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.A Meso- and eutrophic Quercus, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Acer, Tilia, Ulmus and related woodland narrower Ravine forests now separate at level 3
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.A Meso- and eutrophic Quercus, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Acer, Tilia, Ulmus and related woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.A Meso- and eutrophic Quercus, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Acer, Tilia, Ulmus and related woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.A Meso- and eutrophic Quercus, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Acer, Tilia, Ulmus and related woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.A Meso- and eutrophic Quercus, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Acer, Tilia, Ulmus and related woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.A Woodland with Castanea sativa, Carpinus betulus, Tilia or Sorbus aucuparia same
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