Mainland laurophyllous forest

Description (English)

Evergreen laurophyllous short-stature forest, often dominant by bay (Laurus nobilis) or strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo) in warm temperate oceanic and hyper-humid situations, now surviving as small relics in sheltered situations like ravines along the Atlantic coast of Portugal and Spain and in Sardinia, southern Italy and Sicily. Typically species-poor with an associated flora similar to T2-1.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T2-2

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Laurus nobilis
Flowering Plants Celtis australis
Flowering Plants Ruscus aculeatus
Flowering Plants Rhamnus alaternus
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Orobanche hederae
Flowering Plants Rosa sempervirens
Flowering Plants Acanthus mollis
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Ferns Asplenium onopteris
Flowering Plants Tamus communis
Flowering Plants Viburnum tinus
Flowering Plants Chamaerops humilis
Flowering Plants Arum italicum
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Laurus nobilis Flowering Plants
Celtis australis Flowering Plants
Ruscus aculeatus Flowering Plants
Rhamnus alaternus Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Orobanche hederae Flowering Plants
Rosa sempervirens Flowering Plants
Acanthus mollis Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Asplenium onopteris Ferns
Tamus communis Flowering Plants
Viburnum tinus Flowering Plants
Chamaerops humilis Flowering Plants
Arum italicum Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Laurus nobilis
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Ruscus aculeatus
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Rhamnus alaternus
Flowering Plants Tamus communis
Flowering Plants Rosa sempervirens
Flowering Plants Clematis vitalba
Flowering Plants Celtis australis
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Ferns Asplenium onopteris
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Flowering Plants Lonicera periclymenum
Flowering Plants Viburnum tinus
Flowering Plants Ulmus minor
Flowering Plants Sambucus nigra

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Laurus nobilis Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Ruscus aculeatus Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Rhamnus alaternus Flowering Plants
Tamus communis Flowering Plants
Rosa sempervirens Flowering Plants
Clematis vitalba Flowering Plants
Celtis australis Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Asplenium onopteris Ferns
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Lonicera periclymenum Flowering Plants
Viburnum tinus Flowering Plants
Ulmus minor Flowering Plants
Sambucus nigra Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Laurus nobilis
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Flowering Plants Ruscus aculeatus
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Rhamnus alaternus
Flowering Plants Clematis vitalba

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Laurus nobilis Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Ruscus aculeatus Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Rhamnus alaternus Flowering Plants
Clematis vitalba Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G2.2 Eurasian continental sclerophyllous woodland same name and description changed
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.2 Eurasian continental sclerophyllous woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.2 Eurasian continental sclerophyllous woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G2.2 Eurasian continental sclerophyllous woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G2.2 Eurasian continental sclerophyllous woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G2.2 Eurasian continental sclerophyllous woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G2.2 Eurasian continental lauriphyllous woodland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 45.5 Eurasian continental lauriphyllous forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 45.5 Eurasian continental lauriphyllous forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 45.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 45.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 45.5   same
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