EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T2 - Broadleaved evergreen forest > T2-3 - Macaronesian laurophyllous forest

Macaronesian laurophyllous forest

Description (English)

Evergreen laurophyllous forest on deep soils in the hyper-humid, frostfree, fog belt of the Macaronesian hills. The tree and shrub canopy is very diverse and rich in endemics, with striking differences related to climatic conditions across the different island groups, local topography and long isolation of the floras. Genera such as Picconia, Semele, Gesnouinia, Lactucosonchus and Ixanthus are entirely endemic to these communities, while others, such as Isoplexis, Visnea and Phyllis reach in them their maximum development

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T2-3

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Laurus azorica
Flowering Plants Ilex canariensis

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Laurus azorica Flowering Plants
Ilex canariensis Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Laurus azorica
Flowering Plants Ilex canariensis

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Laurus azorica Flowering Plants
Ilex canariensis Flowering Plants

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G2.3 Macaronesian Laurus woodland same name and description changed
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.3 Macaronesian Laurus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.3 Macaronesian Laurus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G2.3 Macaronesian Laurus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G2.3 Macaronesian Laurus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G2.3 Macaronesian Laurus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G2.3 Macaronesian laurel woodland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 45.6 Macaronesian laurel forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 45.6 Macaronesian laurel forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 45.6   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 45.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 45.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 45.6   same
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