EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3-2 - Temperate mountain Abies forest

Temperate mountain Abies forest

Description (English)

Forests of fir (Abies alba) in nemoral mountains, often with beech (Fagus sylvatica) towards the sub-montane limit, spruce (Picea abies) where site conditions are harsher at higher altitudes. On generally acidic soils though extending on to more base-rich and mesotrophic soils where distinctive contingents of herbs augment or replace the usually heathy field layer.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-2

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Abies alba
Flowering Plants Prenanthes purpurea
Flowering Plants Lonicera nigra
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Galium rotundifolium
Flowering Plants Festuca altissima
Ferns Dryopteris filix-mas
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Hieracium murorum
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Flowering Plants Polygonatum verticillatum
Ferns Athyrium filix-femina
Flowering Plants Luzula nivea
Flowering Plants Senecio nemorensis
Flowering Plants Rubus idaeus
Flowering Plants Mycelis muralis
Ferns Dryopteris dilatata
Flowering Plants Galium odoratum
Flowering Plants Epilobium montanum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Abies alba Conifers
Prenanthes purpurea Flowering Plants
Lonicera nigra Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Galium rotundifolium Flowering Plants
Festuca altissima Flowering Plants
Dryopteris filix-mas Ferns
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Hieracium murorum Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Polygonatum verticillatum Flowering Plants
Athyrium filix-femina Ferns
Luzula nivea Flowering Plants
Senecio nemorensis Flowering Plants
Rubus idaeus Flowering Plants
Mycelis muralis Flowering Plants
Dryopteris dilatata Ferns
Galium odoratum Flowering Plants
Epilobium montanum Flowering Plants
Conifers Abies alba
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Flowering Plants Prenanthes purpurea
Ferns Dryopteris filix-mas
Ferns Athyrium filix-femina
Flowering Plants Hieracium murorum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Rubus idaeus
Flowering Plants Viola reichenbachiana
Flowering Plants Fragaria vesca
Flowering Plants Acer pseudoplatanus
Flowering Plants Galium odoratum
Flowering Plants Mycelis muralis
Flowering Plants Senecio nemorensis
Flowering Plants Lamiastrum galeobdolon
Ferns Dryopteris dilatata

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Abies alba Conifers
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Prenanthes purpurea Flowering Plants
Dryopteris filix-mas Ferns
Athyrium filix-femina Ferns
Hieracium murorum Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Rubus idaeus Flowering Plants
Viola reichenbachiana Flowering Plants
Fragaria vesca Flowering Plants
Acer pseudoplatanus Flowering Plants
Galium odoratum Flowering Plants
Mycelis muralis Flowering Plants
Senecio nemorensis Flowering Plants
Lamiastrum galeobdolon Flowering Plants
Dryopteris dilatata Ferns
Conifers Abies alba
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Conifers Picea abies
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Abies alba Conifers
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland narrower divided into three types (according to dominant species and geographic distribution)
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
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