Serpentine Abies alba forests

Description (English)

Abies alba- and Picea abies-dominated forests on serpentines, usually at altitude 1400-1600 m in the Balkan peninsula. Erica carnea is also relatively abundant. Other typical species are Vaccinium myrtillus, Festuca heterophylla, Daphne blagayana, Thymus montanus, Saxifraga rotundifolia, Valeriana montana, Doronicum austriacum, Campanula rotundifolia, Luzula sylvatica, Luzula nemorosa, Senecio nemorensis, Melampyrum album, Sorbus aucuparia, Hypericum perforatum, Luzula maxima, Oxalis acetosella, Symphytum tuberosum, Euphorbia amygdaloides, Pyrola secunda.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-28

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Conifers Abies alba
Flowering Plants Campanula rotundifolia
Flowering Plants Daphne blagayana
Flowering Plants Doronicum austriacum
Flowering Plants Erica carnea
Flowering Plants Euphorbia amygdaloides
Flowering Plants Festuca heterophylla
Flowering Plants Hypericum perforatum
Flowering Plants Luzula maxima
Flowering Plants Luzula nemorosa
Flowering Plants Luzula sylvatica
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Pyrola secunda
Flowering Plants Saxifraga rotundifolia
Flowering Plants Senecio nemorensis
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Flowering Plants Symphytum tuberosum
Flowering Plants Thymus montanus
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Valeriana montana
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Abies alba Conifers
Campanula rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Daphne blagayana Flowering Plants
Doronicum austriacum Flowering Plants
Erica carnea Flowering Plants
Euphorbia amygdaloides Flowering Plants
Festuca heterophylla Flowering Plants
Hypericum perforatum Flowering Plants
Luzula maxima Flowering Plants
Luzula nemorosa Flowering Plants
Luzula sylvatica Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Pyrola secunda Flowering Plants
Saxifraga rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Senecio nemorensis Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Symphytum tuberosum Flowering Plants
Thymus montanus Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Valeriana montana Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types
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