EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3-3 - Mediterranean mountain Abies forest

Mediterranean mountain Abies forest

Description (English)

Evergreen coniferous forests of more sunless or fog-bound slopes and gullies in the lower to mid altitudinal belts of mediterranean mountains where firs of very limited distribution dominate in highly distinctive relic stands: Spanish fir (Abies pinsapo), Greek fir (A. cephalonica), King Boris’s fir (A. borisiiregis), Apennine or Sicilian stands of silver fir (A. alba) and Sicilian fir (A. nebrodensis).

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-3

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Abies pinsapo
Conifers Abies cephalonica
Flowering Plants Ononis reuteri
Flowering Plants Geranium purpureum
Flowering Plants Cerastium gibraltaricum
Flowering Plants Rosa sicula
Flowering Plants Carum graecum
Flowering Plants Hyacinthoides hispanica
Flowering Plants Doronicum plantagineum
Flowering Plants Hieracium pannosum
Flowering Plants Piptatherum paradoxum
Flowering Plants Paeonia broteroi
Flowering Plants Berberis vulgaris
Flowering Plants Rosa micrantha
Flowering Plants Daphne oleoides
Flowering Plants Helleborus foetidus
Flowering Plants Hieracium cymosum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Abies pinsapo Conifers
Abies cephalonica Conifers
Ononis reuteri Flowering Plants
Geranium purpureum Flowering Plants
Cerastium gibraltaricum Flowering Plants
Rosa sicula Flowering Plants
Carum graecum Flowering Plants
Hyacinthoides hispanica Flowering Plants
Doronicum plantagineum Flowering Plants
Hieracium pannosum Flowering Plants
Piptatherum paradoxum Flowering Plants
Paeonia broteroi Flowering Plants
Berberis vulgaris Flowering Plants
Rosa micrantha Flowering Plants
Daphne oleoides Flowering Plants
Helleborus foetidus Flowering Plants
Hieracium cymosum Flowering Plants
Conifers Abies pinsapo
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Helleborus foetidus
Flowering Plants Geranium purpureum
Flowering Plants Berberis vulgaris
Conifers Pinus nigra
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Flowering Plants Aremonia agrimonoides
Conifers Abies cephalonica
Flowering Plants Silene italica
Flowering Plants Ruscus aculeatus
Flowering Plants Rosa sicula
Flowering Plants Rosa micrantha
Flowering Plants Quercus rotundifolia
Flowering Plants Quercus faginea
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Piptatherum paradoxum
Flowering Plants Paeonia broteroi

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Abies pinsapo Conifers
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Helleborus foetidus Flowering Plants
Geranium purpureum Flowering Plants
Berberis vulgaris Flowering Plants
Pinus nigra Conifers
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Aremonia agrimonoides Flowering Plants
Abies cephalonica Conifers
Silene italica Flowering Plants
Ruscus aculeatus Flowering Plants
Rosa sicula Flowering Plants
Rosa micrantha Flowering Plants
Quercus rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Quercus faginea Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Piptatherum paradoxum Flowering Plants
Paeonia broteroi Flowering Plants
Conifers Abies pinsapo
Conifers Abies cephalonica
Conifers Pinus nigra
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis
Flowering Plants Brachypodium sylvaticum
Conifers Abies nebrodensis

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Abies pinsapo Conifers
Abies cephalonica Conifers
Pinus nigra Conifers
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Brachypodium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Abies nebrodensis Conifers

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland narrower divided into three types (according to dominant species and geographic distribution)
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
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