EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3-4 - Temperate subalpine Larix, Pinus cembra and Pinus uncinata forests

Temperate subalpine Larix, Pinus cembra and Pinus uncinata forests

Description (English)

Coniferous, in part deciduous, forest of larch (Larix decidua), Arolla pine (Pinus cembra) or Mountain pine (Pinus uncinata) in the mid sub-alpine belt of temperate mountains in the central Alps and Carpathians with long but shallow snow-lie and a short growing season. Dwarf mountain pine (P. mugo), spruce (Picea abies), fir (Abies alba), rhododendrons and other sub-shrubs are never more than subordinate but various whitebeams (Sorbus spp.) are characteristic associates.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-4

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Larix decidua
Flowering Plants Rhododendron ferrugineum
Conifers Pinus cembra
Conifers Pinus uncinata
Flowering Plants Homogyne alpina
Flowering Plants Festuca flavescens
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis villosa
Flowering Plants Sorbus chamaemespilus
Flowering Plants Melampyrum sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Lonicera caerulea
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. alpina
Flowering Plants Valeriana tripteris
Flowering Plants Rhododendron hirsutum
Flowering Plants Alnus viridis
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Rosa pendulina
Flowering Plants Campanula scheuchzeri
Flowering Plants Geranium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Hieracium prenanthoides

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Larix decidua Conifers
Rhododendron ferrugineum Flowering Plants
Pinus cembra Conifers
Pinus uncinata Conifers
Homogyne alpina Flowering Plants
Festuca flavescens Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis villosa Flowering Plants
Sorbus chamaemespilus Flowering Plants
Melampyrum sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Lonicera caerulea Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis subsp. alpina Conifers
Valeriana tripteris Flowering Plants
Rhododendron hirsutum Flowering Plants
Alnus viridis Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Rosa pendulina Flowering Plants
Campanula scheuchzeri Flowering Plants
Geranium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Hieracium prenanthoides Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Conifers Larix decidua
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Rhododendron ferrugineum
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Homogyne alpina
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Hieracium murorum
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Flowering Plants Solidago virgaurea
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis villosa
Conifers Pinus cembra
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Mosses & Liverworts Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus
Flowering Plants Melampyrum sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Geranium sylvaticum
Conifers Pinus uncinata
Flowering Plants Luzula sylvatica

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Larix decidua Conifers
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Rhododendron ferrugineum Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Homogyne alpina Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Hieracium murorum Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Solidago virgaurea Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis villosa Flowering Plants
Pinus cembra Conifers
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus Mosses & Liverworts
Melampyrum sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Geranium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Pinus uncinata Conifers
Luzula sylvatica Flowering Plants
Conifers Larix decidua
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Conifers Pinus uncinata
Flowering Plants Rhododendron ferrugineum
Conifers Pinus cembra
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis villosa
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Rhododendron hirsutum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Larix decidua Conifers
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Pinus uncinata Conifers
Rhododendron ferrugineum Flowering Plants
Pinus cembra Conifers
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Calamagrostis villosa Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Rhododendron hirsutum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.2 Alpine Larix - Pinus cembra woodland wider merged
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.3 Pinus uncinata woodland wider merged
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.3 Pinus uncinata woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.2 Alpine Larix - Pinus cembra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.3 Pinus uncinata woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.2 Alpine Larix - Pinus cembra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.2 Alpine Larix - Pinus cembra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.3 Pinus uncinata woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.2 Alpine Larix - Pinus cembra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.3 Pinus uncinata woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.3 Pinus uncinata woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.2 Alpine Larix-Pinus cembra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.3 Alpine larch-arolla woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.4 Mountain pine woodland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.4 Mountain pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.3 Alpine larch-arolla forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.3 Alpine larch-arolla forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.4 Mountain pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.3   same
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