EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3-5 - Temperate continental Pinus sylvestris forest

Temperate continental Pinus sylvestris forest

Description (English)

Forests dominated by pine (Pinus sylvestris), often with some birch (Betula pendula and B. pubescens), aspen (Populus tremula), juniper (Juniperus communis) and various whitebeams (Sorbus spp.), on acidic to base-rich soils through the north nemoral zone and into the hemi-boreal.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-5

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum polysetum
Flowering Plants Betula pendula
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Frangula alnus

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Dicranum polysetum Mosses & Liverworts
Betula pendula Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Frangula alnus Flowering Plants
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Flowering Plants Betula pendula
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Frangula alnus
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Festuca ovina
Mosses & Liverworts Hypnum cupressiforme
Flowering Plants Quercus petraea
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichastrum formosum
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Betula pendula Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Frangula alnus Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Festuca ovina Flowering Plants
Hypnum cupressiforme Mosses & Liverworts
Quercus petraea Flowering Plants
Polytrichastrum formosum Mosses & Liverworts
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga narrower split into Temperate continental, Temperate and submediterranean montane and Mediterranean montane t
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.5 Scots pine woodland south of the taiga same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.5 Western Palaearctic Scots pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.5 Western Palaearctic Scots pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.5   same
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