EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3-6 - Temperate and submediterranean montane Pinus sylvestris-nigra forest

Temperate and submediterranean montane Pinus sylvestris-nigra forest

Description (English)

Evergreen coniferous forests, generally dominated by either Scot’s pine (Pinus sylvestris) or black pine (P. nigra and, towards the southern limit, various subspecies), less commonly with some spruce (Picea abies) and deciduous associates, often in isolated and small stands on base-rich soils through the mountains of the south temperate and sub-mediterranean zones.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-6
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Amelanchier ovalis
Flowering Plants Polygala chamaebuxus
Flowering Plants Epipactis atrorubens
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis varia
Flowering Plants Erica herbacea
Flowering Plants Berberis vulgaris
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis
Flowering Plants Cotoneaster tomentosus
Flowering Plants Goodyera repens
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Flowering Plants Buphthalmum salicifolium
Flowering Plants Chamaecytisus purpureus
Flowering Plants Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Conifers Pinus nigra
Flowering Plants Viscum album
Flowering Plants Globularia cordifolia
Flowering Plants Viburnum lantana
Flowering Plants Anthericum ramosum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Amelanchier ovalis Flowering Plants
Polygala chamaebuxus Flowering Plants
Epipactis atrorubens Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis varia Flowering Plants
Erica herbacea Flowering Plants
Berberis vulgaris Flowering Plants
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Cotoneaster tomentosus Flowering Plants
Goodyera repens Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Buphthalmum salicifolium Flowering Plants
Chamaecytisus purpureus Flowering Plants
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Flowering Plants
Pinus nigra Conifers
Viscum album Flowering Plants
Globularia cordifolia Flowering Plants
Viburnum lantana Flowering Plants
Anthericum ramosum Flowering Plants
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis
Flowering Plants Amelanchier ovalis
Flowering Plants Polygala chamaebuxus
Flowering Plants Hieracium murorum
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Flowering Plants Epipactis atrorubens
Flowering Plants Viburnum lantana
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis varia
Flowering Plants Lotus corniculatus
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Berberis vulgaris
Flowering Plants Erica herbacea
Flowering Plants Euphorbia cyparissias
Flowering Plants Sesleria caerulea
Flowering Plants Campanula rotundifolia
Flowering Plants Quercus pubescens

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Amelanchier ovalis Flowering Plants
Polygala chamaebuxus Flowering Plants
Hieracium murorum Flowering Plants
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Epipactis atrorubens Flowering Plants
Viburnum lantana Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis varia Flowering Plants
Lotus corniculatus Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Berberis vulgaris Flowering Plants
Erica herbacea Flowering Plants
Euphorbia cyparissias Flowering Plants
Sesleria caerulea Flowering Plants
Campanula rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Quercus pubescens Flowering Plants
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Conifers Pinus nigra
Flowering Plants Erica herbacea
Flowering Plants Sesleria caerulea
Flowering Plants Buxus sempervirens
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis varia
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Pinus nigra Conifers
Erica herbacea Flowering Plants
Sesleria caerulea Flowering Plants
Buxus sempervirens Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis varia Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland complex merged and split
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga complex merged and split
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.6 Black pine woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.5 Scots pine woodland south of the taiga same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.5 Western Palaearctic Scots pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.6 Black pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.6 Black pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.5 Western Palaearctic Scots pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.6   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.5   same
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