EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3-9 - Mediterranean lowland to submontane Pinus forest

Mediterranean lowland to submontane Pinus forest

Description (English)

Evergreen coniferous forest dominated by various thermophilous pines: Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster in eastern mediterranean and warm atlantic zones), Aleppo pine (P. halepensis) and Stone pine (P. pinea all around the southern European coast) and Aegean pine (P. brutia in Greece, Aegean islands and Cyprus), the first three often favouring unstable substrates or preclimax situations.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-9
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Pinus halepensis
Conifers Pinus pinaster
Flowering Plants Cistus salvifolius
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Conifers Pinus brutia
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Phillyrea angustifolia
Flowering Plants Arbutus unedo
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Lonicera implexa
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Flowering Plants Quercus coccifera
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Rosmarinus officinalis
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Flowering Plants Myrtus communis
Conifers Pinus pinea
Flowering Plants Cistus incanus

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus halepensis Conifers
Pinus pinaster Conifers
Cistus salvifolius Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Pinus brutia Conifers
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Phillyrea angustifolia Flowering Plants
Arbutus unedo Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Lonicera implexa Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Quercus coccifera Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Rosmarinus officinalis Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Myrtus communis Flowering Plants
Pinus pinea Conifers
Cistus incanus Flowering Plants
Conifers Pinus halepensis
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Conifers Pinus pinaster
Flowering Plants Cistus salvifolius
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Arbutus unedo
Flowering Plants Quercus coccifera
Flowering Plants Quercus pubescens
Flowering Plants Phillyrea angustifolia
Flowering Plants Lonicera implexa
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Flowering Plants Erica arborea
Flowering Plants Thymus vulgaris
Flowering Plants Rosmarinus officinalis

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus halepensis Conifers
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Pinus pinaster Conifers
Cistus salvifolius Flowering Plants
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Arbutus unedo Flowering Plants
Quercus coccifera Flowering Plants
Quercus pubescens Flowering Plants
Phillyrea angustifolia Flowering Plants
Lonicera implexa Flowering Plants
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Erica arborea Flowering Plants
Thymus vulgaris Flowering Plants
Rosmarinus officinalis Flowering Plants
Conifers Pinus halepensis
Conifers Pinus pinaster
Conifers Pinus brutia
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Conifers Pinus pinea
Flowering Plants Rosmarinus officinalis
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Erica arborea

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus halepensis Conifers
Pinus pinaster Conifers
Pinus brutia Conifers
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Pinus pinea Conifers
Rosmarinus officinalis Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Erica arborea Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.7 Lowland to montane mediterranean Pinus woodland (excluding Pinus nigra) same name and description changed
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.7 Lowland to montane mediterranean Pinus woodland (excluding Pinus nigra) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.7 Lowland to montane mediterranean Pinus woodland (excluding Pinus nigra) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.7 Lowland to montane mediterranean Pinus woodland (excluding Pinus nigra) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.7 Lowland to montane mediterranean Pinus woodland (excluding Pinus nigra) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.7 Lowland to montane mediterranean Pinus woodland (excluding Pinus nigra) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.8 Mediterranean pine woods same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.8 Mediterranean pine woods same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.8 Mediterranean pine woods same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.8   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.8   same
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