Taxus baccata forest

Description (English)

Evergreen forests overwhelmingly dominated by yew (Taxus baccata), sometimes with holly (Ilex aquifolium), whitebeam (Sorbus aria) and box (Buxus sempervirens), maybe in halted successions or as senescent survivals, occurring very locally on base-rich soils in the mediterranean zone and in the British Isles.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-C
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Taxus baccata
Flowering Plants Arenaria balearica
Flowering Plants Cymbalaria aequitriloba
Flowering Plants Cyclamen repandum
Flowering Plants Ilex aquifolium
Flowering Plants Stachys corsica
Flowering Plants Glechoma sardoa
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Daphne laureola
Flowering Plants Geranium lucidum
Flowering Plants Acer monspessulanum
Flowering Plants Ribes multiflorum
Flowering Plants Geranium lanuginosum
Ferns Asplenium onopteris
Flowering Plants Hypochaeris robertia
Flowering Plants Rhamnus alpinus

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Taxus baccata Conifers
Arenaria balearica Flowering Plants
Cymbalaria aequitriloba Flowering Plants
Cyclamen repandum Flowering Plants
Ilex aquifolium Flowering Plants
Stachys corsica Flowering Plants
Glechoma sardoa Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Daphne laureola Flowering Plants
Geranium lucidum Flowering Plants
Acer monspessulanum Flowering Plants
Ribes multiflorum Flowering Plants
Geranium lanuginosum Flowering Plants
Asplenium onopteris Ferns
Hypochaeris robertia Flowering Plants
Rhamnus alpinus Flowering Plants
Conifers Taxus baccata
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Ilex aquifolium
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Viola reichenbachiana
Flowering Plants Mercurialis perennis
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Mycelis muralis
Flowering Plants Daphne laureola
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Flowering Plants Tamus communis
Flowering Plants Sambucus nigra
Flowering Plants Hepatica nobilis
Flowering Plants Cyclamen repandum
Flowering Plants Acer pseudoplatanus
Flowering Plants Hieracium murorum

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Taxus baccata Conifers
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Ilex aquifolium Flowering Plants
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Viola reichenbachiana Flowering Plants
Mercurialis perennis Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Mycelis muralis Flowering Plants
Daphne laureola Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Tamus communis Flowering Plants
Sambucus nigra Flowering Plants
Hepatica nobilis Flowering Plants
Cyclamen repandum Flowering Plants
Acer pseudoplatanus Flowering Plants
Hieracium murorum Flowering Plants
Conifers Taxus baccata
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Hedera helix

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Taxus baccata Conifers
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae narrower split in to Cupressaceae and Taxaceae forests
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.9 Coniferous woodland, dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.A Western Palaearctic cypress, juniper and yew forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.A Western Palaearctic cypress, juniper and yew forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.A   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.A   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.A   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.A   same
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