EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3-D - Mediterranean Cupressaceae forest

Mediterranean Cupressaceae forest

Description (English)

Evergreen forests of cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), junipers (Juniperus excelsa, J. foetidissima, J. drupacea, J. thurifera) or alerce (Tetraclinis articulata) with a usually open canopy with scrubby understorey and grassy field layer, on shallow, usually base-rich soils, in dry rocky situations scattered through the mediterranean zone.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-D
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Cupressus sempervirens
Conifers Juniperus foetidissima
Conifers Juniperus thurifera
Flowering Plants Quercus coccifera
Flowering Plants Centaurea raphanina
Flowering Plants Festuca jeanpertii
Conifers Pinus brutia
Conifers Juniperus excelsa
Flowering Plants Astragalus creticus
Flowering Plants Hypericum empetrifolium
Flowering Plants Urginea maritima
Flowering Plants Daphne oleoides
Flowering Plants Salvia triloba
Flowering Plants Stipa bromoides
Flowering Plants Crepis fraasii
Flowering Plants Ballota acetabulosa
Flowering Plants Campanula spatulata
Conifers Juniperus drupacea
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Flowering Plants Phlomis fruticosa

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cupressus sempervirens Conifers
Juniperus foetidissima Conifers
Juniperus thurifera Conifers
Quercus coccifera Flowering Plants
Centaurea raphanina Flowering Plants
Festuca jeanpertii Flowering Plants
Pinus brutia Conifers
Juniperus excelsa Conifers
Astragalus creticus Flowering Plants
Hypericum empetrifolium Flowering Plants
Urginea maritima Flowering Plants
Daphne oleoides Flowering Plants
Salvia triloba Flowering Plants
Stipa bromoides Flowering Plants
Crepis fraasii Flowering Plants
Ballota acetabulosa Flowering Plants
Campanula spatulata Flowering Plants
Juniperus drupacea Conifers
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Phlomis fruticosa Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Conifers Cupressus sempervirens
Flowering Plants Quercus coccifera
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Conifers Juniperus foetidissima
Flowering Plants Melica ciliata
Conifers Juniperus thurifera
Flowering Plants Teucrium polium
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Poa bulbosa
Flowering Plants Urginea maritima
Flowering Plants Centaurea raphanina
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Stipa bromoides
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Eryngium campestre
Flowering Plants Cerastium brachypetalum
Flowering Plants Trifolium campestre
Flowering Plants Hypericum empetrifolium

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Cupressus sempervirens Conifers
Quercus coccifera Flowering Plants
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Juniperus foetidissima Conifers
Melica ciliata Flowering Plants
Juniperus thurifera Conifers
Teucrium polium Flowering Plants
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Poa bulbosa Flowering Plants
Urginea maritima Flowering Plants
Centaurea raphanina Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Stipa bromoides Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Eryngium campestre Flowering Plants
Cerastium brachypetalum Flowering Plants
Trifolium campestre Flowering Plants
Hypericum empetrifolium Flowering Plants
Conifers Cupressus sempervirens
Conifers Juniperus foetidissima
Conifers Juniperus thurifera
Conifers Pinus brutia
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Conifers Juniperus excelsa
Conifers Juniperus drupacea

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cupressus sempervirens Conifers
Juniperus foetidissima Conifers
Juniperus thurifera Conifers
Pinus brutia Conifers
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Juniperus excelsa Conifers
Juniperus drupacea Conifers

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae narrower split in to Cupressaceae and Taxaceae forests
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.9 Coniferous woodland, dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.A Western Palaearctic cypress, juniper and yew forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.A Western Palaearctic cypress, juniper and yew forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.A   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.A   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.A   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.A   same
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