Picea taiga forest

Description (English)

Forest naturally dominated by spruce but frequently with an admixture of some Scot’s pine (Pinus sylvestris) and birch (Betula pendula and B. pubescens) on more mesic soils through the north-eastern continental and boreal regions, often with a subordinate deciduous broadleaf component in the canopy and understorey and rich and varied field-layer, mosses and lichens.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-F
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Mosses & Liverworts Brachythecium oedipodium
Flowering Plants Trientalis europaea
Mosses & Liverworts Plagiothecium curvifolium
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum polysetum
Mosses & Liverworts Eurhynchium angustirete
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Mosses & Liverworts Ptilium crista-castrensis
Flowering Plants Maianthemum bifolium
Flowering Plants Luzula pilosa
Ferns Lycopodium annotinum
Mosses & Liverworts Plagiomnium affine
Mosses & Liverworts Lophocolea heterophylla
Mosses & Liverworts Tetraphis pellucida
Flowering Plants Rubus saxatilis
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis arundinacea
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum majus
Conifers Picea obovata
Flowering Plants Goodyera repens

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Brachythecium oedipodium Mosses & Liverworts
Trientalis europaea Flowering Plants
Plagiothecium curvifolium Mosses & Liverworts
Dicranum polysetum Mosses & Liverworts
Eurhynchium angustirete Mosses & Liverworts
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Ptilium crista-castrensis Mosses & Liverworts
Maianthemum bifolium Flowering Plants
Luzula pilosa Flowering Plants
Lycopodium annotinum Ferns
Plagiomnium affine Mosses & Liverworts
Lophocolea heterophylla Mosses & Liverworts
Tetraphis pellucida Mosses & Liverworts
Rubus saxatilis Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Calamagrostis arundinacea Flowering Plants
Dicranum majus Mosses & Liverworts
Picea obovata Conifers
Goodyera repens Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Maianthemum bifolium
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Luzula pilosa
Flowering Plants Trientalis europaea
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Mosses & Liverworts Brachythecium oedipodium
Flowering Plants Frangula alnus
Flowering Plants Rubus idaeus
Ferns Dryopteris carthusiana
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Mosses & Liverworts Plagiomnium affine
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis arundinacea
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Maianthemum bifolium Flowering Plants
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Luzula pilosa Flowering Plants
Trientalis europaea Flowering Plants
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Brachythecium oedipodium Mosses & Liverworts
Frangula alnus Flowering Plants
Rubus idaeus Flowering Plants
Dryopteris carthusiana Ferns
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Plagiomnium affine Mosses & Liverworts
Calamagrostis arundinacea Flowering Plants
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Conifers Picea abies
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Conifers Picea obovata
Flowering Plants Maianthemum bifolium

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Picea abies Conifers
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Picea obovata Conifers
Maianthemum bifolium Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.A Picea taiga woodland same new description
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.A Picea taiga woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.A Picea taiga woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.A Picea taiga woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.A Picea taiga woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.A Picea and Abies taiga woodland same
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