EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3-G - Pinus sylvestris taiga forest

Pinus sylvestris taiga forest

Description (English)

Forest naturally dominated by Scot’s pine (Pinus sylvestris) but often with some birch (Betula pendula and B. pubescens) and spruce (Picea abies and P. obovata) on lithomorphic and podsolized soils of dry and barren situations through the north-eastern continental and boreal regions with a generally heathy field layer but, when on eskers, a specialised herb flora.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-G
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum
Conifers Picea obovata
Mosses & Liverworts Orthodicranum montanum
Fungi Parmelia sulcata
Fungi Evernia mesomorpha
Conifers Abies sibirica
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Mosses & Liverworts Hypnum pallescens
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Fungi Pseudevernia furfuracea
Flowering Plants Seseli krylovii
Fungi Parmeliopsis hyperopta
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Mosses & Liverworts Ptilium crista-castrensis
Fungi Usnea subfloridana
Mosses & Liverworts Sanionia uncinata

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum Flowering Plants
Picea obovata Conifers
Orthodicranum montanum Mosses & Liverworts
Parmelia sulcata Fungi
Evernia mesomorpha Fungi
Abies sibirica Conifers
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Hypnum pallescens Mosses & Liverworts
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Pseudevernia furfuracea Fungi
Seseli krylovii Flowering Plants
Parmeliopsis hyperopta Fungi
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Ptilium crista-castrensis Mosses & Liverworts
Usnea subfloridana Fungi
Sanionia uncinata Mosses & Liverworts
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Solidago virgaurea
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Rubus saxatilis
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis arundinacea
Fungi Parmelia sulcata
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Mosses & Liverworts Orthodicranum montanum
Flowering Plants Melica nutans
Flowering Plants Luzula pilosa

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Solidago virgaurea Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Rubus saxatilis Flowering Plants
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis arundinacea Flowering Plants
Parmelia sulcata Fungi
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Orthodicranum montanum Mosses & Liverworts
Melica nutans Flowering Plants
Luzula pilosa Flowering Plants
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.B Pinus taiga woodland same new description
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.B Pinus taiga woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.B Pinus taiga woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.B Pinus taiga woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.B Pinus taiga woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.B Pinus taiga woodland same
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