Pinus bog forest

Description (English)

Evergreen coniferous forest, often open and low-growing, dominated by pines and sometimes forming extensive stands on peaty soils on or around ombrotrophic bogs or in depressions kept moist by high ground water table, throughout the Boreal zone and locally elsewhere. Pinus sylvestrisis most common but there are subtypes with Pinus mugo sl (including Pinus uncinata ssp. uliginosa = P. rotundata, Pinus x rhaetica, Pinus mugo s.str., Pinus x ascendens). The field layer has dwarf shrubs including Vaccinium spp and peat forming Sphagnum spp. There is a large variation in understorey vegetation.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-J
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Eriophorum vaginatum
Flowering Plants Ledum palustre
Flowering Plants Vaccinium oxycoccos
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum magellanicum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichum strictum
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum fallax
Conifers Pinus mugo
Flowering Plants Andromeda polifolia
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum capillifolium
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Mosses & Liverworts Aulacomnium palustre
Conifers Pinus uncinata var. rotundata
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum fuscum
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum angustifolium
Flowering Plants Drosera rotundifolia

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Eriophorum vaginatum Flowering Plants
Ledum palustre Flowering Plants
Vaccinium oxycoccos Flowering Plants
Sphagnum magellanicum Mosses & Liverworts
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Polytrichum strictum Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum fallax Mosses & Liverworts
Pinus mugo Conifers
Andromeda polifolia Flowering Plants
Sphagnum capillifolium Mosses & Liverworts
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Aulacomnium palustre Mosses & Liverworts
Pinus uncinata var. rotundata Conifers
Sphagnum fuscum Mosses & Liverworts
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Sphagnum angustifolium Mosses & Liverworts
Drosera rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Eriophorum vaginatum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium oxycoccos
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum magellanicum
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Conifers Picea abies
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichum strictum
Flowering Plants Andromeda polifolia
Mosses & Liverworts Aulacomnium palustre
Flowering Plants Ledum palustre
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum capillifolium
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum fallax
Flowering Plants Drosera rotundifolia
Conifers Pinus mugo

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Eriophorum vaginatum Flowering Plants
Vaccinium oxycoccos Flowering Plants
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Sphagnum magellanicum Mosses & Liverworts
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Polytrichum strictum Mosses & Liverworts
Andromeda polifolia Flowering Plants
Aulacomnium palustre Mosses & Liverworts
Ledum palustre Flowering Plants
Sphagnum capillifolium Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum fallax Mosses & Liverworts
Drosera rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Pinus mugo Conifers
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Conifers Pinus mugo
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum fallax
Flowering Plants Eriophorum vaginatum
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum capillifolium
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum magellanicum
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Flowering Plants Ledum palustre
Flowering Plants Vaccinium oxycoccos

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Pinus mugo Conifers
Sphagnum fallax Mosses & Liverworts
Eriophorum vaginatum Flowering Plants
Sphagnum capillifolium Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum magellanicum Mosses & Liverworts
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Ledum palustre Flowering Plants
Vaccinium oxycoccos Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.D Boreal bog conifer woodland complex merge & split
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.E Nemoral bog conifer woodland complex merge & split
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.D Boreal bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.E Nemoral bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.E Nemoral bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.D Boreal bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.E Nemoral bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.D Boreal bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.D Boreal bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.E Nemoral bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.D Boreal bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.E Nemoral bog conifer woodland same
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