Picea mire forest

Description (English)

Evergreen coniferous forest, often open and low-growing, dominated by Picea abies) and sometimes forming extensive stands on peaty soils. Picea bog forest can occur on ombrotrophic active bog surface on deep peat, but is more often found on minerotrophic peats or on shallower peaty soils at mire margins, though in drier regions being more extensive on the bog surface. Although Picea abies tends to be the canopy dominant other tree species are often present, sometimes Abies alba is (co-)dominant in more minerotrophic conditions south of the Boreal region. Betula pubescens, Pinus sylvestris and Salix spp. are common associates sometimes with Alnus glutinosa and A. incana in somewhat less oligotrophic situations. There is a large variation in understorey vegetation, as the situations range from eutrophic to oligotrophic and ombrotrophic.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-K
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum girgensohnii
Conifers Picea abies
Mosses & Liverworts Bazzania trilobata
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichum commune
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis villosa
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Ferns Lycopodium annotinum
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum magellanicum
Mosses & Liverworts Lepidozia reptans
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum capillifolium
Mosses & Liverworts Plagiothecium undulatum
Flowering Plants Listera cordata
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum russowii
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranodontium denudatum
Mosses & Liverworts Tetraphis pellucida
Flowering Plants Eriophorum vaginatum
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Mosses & Liverworts Calypogeia azurea

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Sphagnum girgensohnii Mosses & Liverworts
Picea abies Conifers
Bazzania trilobata Mosses & Liverworts
Polytrichum commune Mosses & Liverworts
Calamagrostis villosa Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Lycopodium annotinum Ferns
Sphagnum magellanicum Mosses & Liverworts
Lepidozia reptans Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum capillifolium Mosses & Liverworts
Plagiothecium undulatum Mosses & Liverworts
Listera cordata Flowering Plants
Sphagnum russowii Mosses & Liverworts
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Dicranodontium denudatum Mosses & Liverworts
Tetraphis pellucida Mosses & Liverworts
Eriophorum vaginatum Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Calypogeia azurea Mosses & Liverworts
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichum commune
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum girgensohnii
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis villosa
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichastrum formosum
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Eriophorum vaginatum
Ferns Dryopteris dilatata
Flowering Plants Maianthemum bifolium
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum magellanicum
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum capillifolium
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Picea abies Conifers
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Polytrichum commune Mosses & Liverworts
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum girgensohnii Mosses & Liverworts
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Calamagrostis villosa Flowering Plants
Polytrichastrum formosum Mosses & Liverworts
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Eriophorum vaginatum Flowering Plants
Dryopteris dilatata Ferns
Maianthemum bifolium Flowering Plants
Sphagnum magellanicum Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum capillifolium Mosses & Liverworts
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum girgensohnii
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum capillifolium
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum magellanicum
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis villosa
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichum commune
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum fallax
Flowering Plants Eriophorum vaginatum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Picea abies Conifers
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Sphagnum girgensohnii Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum capillifolium Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum magellanicum Mosses & Liverworts
Calamagrostis villosa Flowering Plants
Polytrichum commune Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum fallax Mosses & Liverworts
Eriophorum vaginatum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.D Boreal bog conifer woodland complex merge & split
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.E Nemoral bog conifer woodland complex merge & split
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.D Boreal bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.E Nemoral bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.E Nemoral bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.D Boreal bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.E Nemoral bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.D Boreal bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.D Boreal bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.E Nemoral bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.D Boreal bog conifer woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.E Nemoral bog conifer woodland same
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