EUNIS habitat classification 2012 > F - Heathland, scrub and tundra > F2 - Arctic, alpine and subalpine scrub > F2.2 - Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub

Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub

English name: Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub

Description (English)

Small, dwarf or prostrate shrub formations of the alpine and subalpine zones of mountains, dominated by ericaceous species, Dryas octopetala, dwarf junipers, brooms or greenweeds; Dryas heaths of the British Isles.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code F2.2
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Juniperion nanae Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1939 Subalpine chinophobous siliceous juniper low scrub of nemoral and sub-meridional mountain ranges of Europe Juniperion alpinae Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1939 nom. mut. propos.; Juniperion sibiricae Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1939 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Genisto-Vaccinion Br.-Bl. 1926 Montane to subalpine heath of atlantic and subcontinental regions of Europe Genisto-Vaccinion Br.-Bl. ex Schaminée 1993 Schaminee et al, 2012
Daphno-Genistion radiatae N. Randelovic et Rexhepi 1980 Relic supramontane dwarf heath on ultramafic and calcaeous substrates of Southern Dinarides Cytisanthion radiati N. Randelovic et Rexhepi 1979; Daphno-Genistion radiatae N. Randelovic, Rexhepi et Jovanovic 1969; Cytisanthion radiati Lakušic in B. Jovanovic et al. 1986; Daphneion oleoidis Lakušic 1968; Daphneion oleoidis Lakušic in B. Jovanovic, R. Jovanovic et Zupancic et al. 1986 Schaminee et al, 2012
Pruno prostratae-Juniperion sabinae Rivas-Mart. et J.A. Molina in Rivas-Mart., Fernández-González et Loidi 1999 Calcicolous supra-oromediterranean and supra-orotemperate submediterranean dry juniper scrub of he Central Iberian and Cantabrian mountains Schaminee et al, 2012
Salici kazbekensis–Empetrion nigrae Onipchenko 2002 Ericoid subalpine and alpine dwarf scrub heath of Caucasus Schaminee et al, 2012
Loiseleurio-Vaccinion Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et Jenny 1926 Ericoid alpine siliceous dwarf scrub heath of wind-exposed habitats of nemoral and sub-meridional mountain ranges of Europe Loiseleurio-Cetrarion Suzuki-Tokio et Umezu in Suzuki-Tokio 1964; Loiseleurio-Vaccinion uliginosi Krajina 1933; Loiseleurio-Vaccinion uliginosi Nordhgaen 1936; Vaccinion uliginosi Lakušic 1974; Vaccinion uliginosi Lakušic et al. 1979; Cetrario-Loiseleurion (Br.-Bl. et Sissingh 1939) Schubert 1960; Cetrario-Loiseleurion Suzuki-Tokio et Umezu in Suzuki-Tokio 1964 nom. invers.; Loiseleurio-Vaccinion Braun-Blanquet in Braun-Blanquet, Sissingh et Vlieger 1939; Loiseleurio-Vaccinion G. Br.-Bl. et Br.-Bl. in G. Br.-Bl. 1931; Loiseleurio-Vaccinion uliginosi Nordhgaen 1937 Schaminee et al, 2012
Bruckenthalion spiculifoliae Horvat 1949 Ericoid subalpine chionophilous dwarf scrub heath on siliceous substrates of South Carpathians and Southern Dinadides Junipero-Bruckenthalion (Horvat 1949) Boscaiu 1971 Schaminee et al, 2012
Rhododendro ferruginei-Vaccinion Br.-Bl. ex Schnyder 1930 Ericoid low scrub on siliceous substrates in subalpine and alpine belts of nemoral and sub-meridional mountain ranges of Europe Vaccinion myrtilli Krajina 1933; Melampyro-Vaccinion Jeník et al. 1980; Rhododendro ferruginei-Vaccinion Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et Jenny 1926; Rhododendro ferruginei-Vaccinion G. Br.-Bl. et Br.-Bl. in G. Br.-Bl. 1931; Vaccinion myrtilli Krajina 1934 Schaminee et al, 2012
Loiseleurio-Arctostaphylion Kalliola ex Nordhagen 1943 Arcti and-boreo-alpine tundra scrub of wind-exposed habitats of Scandinavia, northern Russia, Svalbard, Iceland and Greenland Loiseleurio-Arctostaphylion Kalliola 1939; Arctostaphylo-Cetrarion nivalis Dahl 1957; Juncion trifidi scandinavicum Nordhagen 1936; Juncion trifidi scandinavicum Nordhagen 1943; Loiseleurio-Diapension Daniëls 1982 Schaminee et al, 2012
Dryadion integrifoliae Ohba ex Daniëls 1982 Wind-exposed dwarf shrub heath and graminoid vegetation on non acidic substrates of Greenland and Arctic North America Dryadion integrifoliae Ohba 1974 Schaminee et al, 2012
Ericion carneae Rübel ex Grabherr et al. 1993 Subalpine and alpine dwarf heath and krummholz on rocky calcareous soils, outcrops, lapies (karren) and boulders of Alps, Apennines and Northern Dinarides Ericion carneae Rübel 1933; Rhododendrion hirsuti Lakušic et al. 1979; Rhododendrion hirsuti Lakušic in B. Jovanovic, R. Jovanovic et Zupancic et al. 1986 Schaminee et al, 2012
Aconito nasuti–Juniperion Onipchenko 2002 Alpine and subalpine chinophobous juniper low scrub of Caucausus Schaminee et al, 2012
Daphno oleoidis-Juniperion alpinae Stanisci 1997 Relic subalpine dry juniper low scrub on calcareous substrates of Central and Southern Apennines Schaminee et al, 2012
Kobresio-Dryadion Nordhagen 1943 Grassy and dwarf-shrub fjelld vegetation of Scotland, Scandinavia, Iceland and Arctic Ocean islands Salicion polaris Du Rietz 1942; Caricion nardinae Nordhagen 1935; Dryadion octopetalae Kalliola 1939; Elynion bellardii boreoarcticum Nordhagen 1936; Elynion bellardii Nordhagen 1936; Kobresion myosuroidis Gams 1936; Dryadion Du Rietz 1942; Kobresio-Dryadion Nordhagen 1936; Kobresion myosuroidis Nordhagen 1936 nom. mut. propos.; Polarion Gjaerevoll 1950; Thymo arcticae-Kobresion Ohba 1974 Schaminee et al, 2012
Genisto versicoloris-Juniperion hemisphaericae Rivas-Mart. et J.A. Molina in Rivas-Mart., Fernández-González et Loidi 1999 Silicolous oromediterranean juniper scrub of southern Iberian Peninsula (Sierra Nevada) Schaminee et al, 2012
Phyllodoco-Vaccinion myrtilli Nordhagen 1943 Moderately chionophilous dwarf scrub of boreal and hemiarctic zones of Fennoscandia, Iceland, northern Russia and Greenland Phyllodoco-Vaccinion myrtilli Nordhagen 1936; Myrtillion alpinum Du Rietz 1942; Phyllodoceto-myrtilli Kalliola 1939; Phyllodoco-Vaccinion myrtilli Nordhagen 1937 Schaminee et al, 2012
Rhododendrion caucasici Onipchenko 2002 Ericoid chionophilous low scrub dominated by Rhododendron caucasicum of Caucasus Schaminee et al, 2012
Cytision oromediterranei Tx. in Tx. et Oberd. 1958 corr. Rivas-Mart. 1987 Silicolous orotemperate, mainly submediterranean juniper scrub of Central Iberian and Cantabrian mountains Cytiso oromediterranei-Pinion Rivas-Mart. 1964 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 1987 nom. invers. propos.; Genistion purgantis Tx. in Tx. et Oberd. 1958; Junipero-Cytision purgantis Br.-Bl. et al. 1965; Pino-Cytision oromediterranei Rivas-Mart. 1964 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 1987; Pino-Cytision purgantis Rivas-Mart. 1964; Cytision purgantis Tx. in Tx. et Oberd. 1958 nom. mut. propos.; Genistion purgantis Tx. 1954; Nano-Juniperion Rothmaler 1954 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 31.4 Alpine and boreal heaths same
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.2. Moors and heathland n/a
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B3 Calcareous grassland overlap
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 D1 Dry dwarf shrub heath wider
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 5.4.5 Lande subalpine méso-hygrophile sur sol acide narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 5.4.6 Lande alpine ventée narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 5.4.4 Lande subalpine xérophile sur sol acide narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 5.4.3 Lande subalpine calcicole narrower
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F2.2 Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F2.2 Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F2.2 Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F2.2 Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F3.2 Alpine, subalpine and boreal heaths and dwarf-shrub mats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F3.2 Alpine and boreal heaths and dwarf-shrub mats same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 31.4 Alpine and boreal heaths same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 31.4 Alpine and boreal heaths same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 31.4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 31.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 31.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 31.4   same
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