EUNIS habitat classification 2012 > F - Heathland, scrub and tundra > F2 - Arctic, alpine and subalpine scrub > F2.4 - Conifer scrub close to the tree limit

Conifer scrub close to the tree limit

English name: Conifer scrub close to the tree limit

Description (English)

Scrubland with dwarf conifers (krummholz), often with incomplete canopy cover, close to the tree limit. At the arctic tree limit, the trees are of species that can grow to large stature under favourable conditions. However Pinus mugo of central and southern Europe is often genetically fixed as a shrub. Excluded are stands of forest conifers with height > 3 m (G3).

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code F2.4
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Epipactido atropurpureae-Pinion mugo Stanisci 1997 Calcicolous krummholz of subalpine belt of Central Apennines Schaminee et al, 2012
Lonicero borbasianae-Pinion mugo Carni et Mucina 2013 Calcareous subalpine dwarf heath on of southern Dinarides Lonicero borbasianae-Rosion alpinae Redžic et al. 2000 Schaminee et al, 2012
Erico-Pinion mugo Leibundgut 1948 nom. invers. propos. Calcareous krummholz of Alps, Carpathians and Balkans Pinion montanae mughi Aichinger 1933 p.p. (orig. form); Pinion montanae P. Fukarek et Fabijanic 1968; Rhododendro hirsuti-Pinion mugo Rivas-Mart. et al. 1991; Erico-Mugion Passarge 1978 (orig. form); Pino mugo-Ericion Leibundgut 1948 (orig. form) Schaminee et al, 2012
Pinion mugo Pawlowski et al. 1928 Silicicolous krummholz of subalpine belt of Alps, Carpathians and Balkans Juniperion nanae P. Fukarek 1969; Pinion montanae mughi Aichinger 1933 p.p. (orig. form); Pinion montanae Pawlowski et al. 1928 nom. corr. propos.; Vaccinio-Mugion (Pawlowski et al.1928) Passarge 1978 (orig. form); Pinion mughi Lakušic et al. 1978 (orig.form); Athyrio alpestris-Pinion mughi Jirásek 1996 (orig. form); Pinion mugo illyricum Redz?ic´ et al. 2011 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 31.5 Dwarf pine scrub same
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.2. Moors and heathland n/a
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 5.4.3 Lande subalpine calcicole overlap
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F2.4 Conifer scrub close to the tree limit same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F2.4 Pinus mugo scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F2.4 Pinus mugo scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F2.4 Pinus mugo scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F1.2 Pinus mugo scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F1.2 Dwarf pine scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 31.5 Dwarf pine scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 31.5 Dwarf pine scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 31.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 31.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 31.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 31.51   same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100