Temperate thickets and scrub

English name: Temperate thickets and scrub

Description (English)

Successional and plagioclimax scrub, mostly deciduous, of Atlantic, sub-Atlantic or subcontinental affinities, characteristic of the nemoral zone, but also colonizing cool, moist or disturbed stations of the mediterranean evergreen forest zone. Included are thickets of Buxus sempervirens, Corylus avellana, Cytisus scoparius, Juniperus communis, Prunus spinosa, Rubus fruticosus and Ulex europaeus.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code F3.1
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Lonicero-Rubion silvatici Tx. et Neumann ex Wittig 1977 Acidophilous scrub, hedges and scrub of forest clearings on dry sandy nutrient-poor minerotrophic soils of northwestern Europe Agrostio-Frangulion Passarge 1968; Agrostio-Frangulion Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Lonicero-Rubion silvatici Tx. et Neumann in Tx. 1950; Molinio-Frangulion Passarge 1968; Molinio-Frangulion Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Rubion plicati Weber 1977 Schaminee et al, 2012
Prunion fruticosae Tx. 1952 Subcontinental and continental scrub of forest-steppe and steppe zones of Central and Eastern Europe Amygdalion nanae Golub in Iljina et al. 1991; Spiraeion mediae Borhidi et Varga 1998; Prunion spinosae-fruticosae Zólyomi et Jakucs 1957; Spiraeion chamaedryfoliae Sanda et Popescu in Sanda et al. 1999; Spiraeion mediae Borhidi et Varga 1999; Spiraeion mediae Borhidi et Varga ex Borhidi 2003 Schaminee et al, 2012
Erico scopariae-Cytision scoparii Mucina in Mucina et al. 2013 Northern Apenninian broom heath vegetation Schaminee et al, 2012
Tamo communis-Viburnion lantanae (Géhu et al. 1983) Mucina in Mucina et al. 2013 Cantabroatlantic mesophilous mantle scrub on calcareous to neutrophilous soils Rosion micranthae Arlot 1985; Tamo communis-Viburnion lantanae (Géhu et al. 1983) Géhu in Bardat et al. 2004 Schaminee et al, 2012
Chelidonio-Acerion negundi L. Ishbirdin et A. Ishbirdin 1989 Eastern European sub-spontaneous groves and scrub of Acer negundo Ulmo carpinifoliae-Acerion negundi Smetana et al. 1997; Ulmo laevis-Acerion negundi Smetana et al. 1998 Schaminee et al, 2012
Lamio purpureae-Acerion tatarici Fitsailo 2007 Mesophilous scrub of granite gorges on shallow chernozems soils of forest-steppe zone and southern part of western Ukraine and Moldova Acerion tatarici Fitsailo (2007) 2008 Schaminee et al, 2012
Ligustro-Hippophaeion Géhu et Géhu-Franck 1983 Elder, privet and sea buckthorn tall scrub on dunes in Atlantic region of Western Europe Oenothero-Hippophaeion maritimi Doing 1962 Schaminee et al, 2012
Frangulo alni-Pyrion cordatae Herrera et al. 1991 Cantabroatlantic mesophilous thorny hedges and mantle scrub on nutrient-poor acidic soils Ulici europaei-Rubion ulmifolii Weber 1997; Pyro cordatae-Ulicion europaei de Foucault et Julve in Julve 1993 Schaminee et al, 2012
Sarothamnion scoparii Oberd. 1957 Acidophilous broom and gorse mantle of woodland edges and clearings of (sub)atlantic regions of western Europe Sarothamnion scoparii Tx. 1945; Sarothamnion scoparii Tx. in Preising 1949; Ulici-Sarothamnion Doing 1962; Ulici-Sarothamnion Doing 1969; Ulici-Sarothamnion Doing ex Weber 1997 Schaminee et al, 2012
Aegopodio podagrariae-Sambucion nigrae Chytrý in Mucina et al. 2013 Successional elder scrub in ruderal habitats of Western and Central Europe Arctio-Sambucion nigrae Doing 1969; Arctio-Sambucion nigrae Doing 1962; Balloto-Sambucion nigrae (Jurko 1963) Passarge 1978; Humulo lupuli-Sambucion nigrae de Foucault et Julve in Julve1993 Schaminee et al, 2012
Frangulo-Rubion Rivas Goday 1964 Acidophilous scrub of forest clearings and hedges on dry sandy, nutrient-poor soils of (sub)atlantic regions of southwestern Europe Schaminee et al, 2012
Holoschoeno australis-Salicion arenariae Neto et al. 2004 Willow dune scrub on dunes of southwestern Iberian Peninsula Schaminee et al, 2012
Vaccinio-Juniperion communis Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968 Low-altitude acidophilous juniper scrub Vaccinio-Juniperion communis Passarge 1968; Juniperion communis Fukarek 1969 Schaminee et al, 2012
Brachypodio pinnati-Juniperion communis Mucina in Mucina et al. 2013 Low-altitude thermophilous juniper scrub on calcarous substrates Carici-Juniperion communis Passarge 1978 Schaminee et al, 2012
Carpino-Prunion spinosae Weber 1974 Mesophilous hedges and scrub of mesotrophic base-rich soils in northern temperate zone of Europe Rubion subatlanticum Tx. 1952 p.p.; Urtico-Crataegion Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968 Schaminee et al, 2012
Cytision oromediterraneo-scoparii Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002 Auverno-Pyreneean suboceanic temperate humid to hyperhumid silicicolous broomy heath and forest mantle Cytision oromediterraneo-scoparii Rivas-Mart. et al. 2001 Schaminee et al, 2012
Sambuco racemosae-Salicion capreae Tx. et Neumann ex Oberd. 1957 Seral elder and willow scrub of nutrient-rich mull soils of forest clearings of Central Europe Avenello-Betulion pendulae Passarge 1978; Sambuco nigrae-Salicion capreae Tx. et Neumann in Tx. 1950; Sambuco racemosae-Salicion capreae Tx. et Neumann in Tx. 1950 Schaminee et al, 2012
Salicion arenariae Tx. ex Passarge in Scamoni 1963 Willow and sea buckthorn low scrub communities on dunes in Atlantic region of Western Europe Salicion arenariae Tx. 1952 Schaminee et al, 2012
Berberidion vulgaris Br.-Bl. ex Tx. 1952 nom. conserv. Soutern temperate and submediterranean thermophilous scrub of southern and Central Europe Amelanchierion ovalis Arlot 1985; Astrantio-Corylion Passarge 1978; Berberidion Br.-Bl. 1950; Clematido vitalbae-Acerion campestris Felzines in Royer et al. 2006; Corylion avellanae P. Fukarek et Fabijanic 1968; Crataego-Corylion P. Fukarek 1969; Ligustro-Crataegion Passarge 1978; Prunion spinosae P. Fukarek et Fabijanic 1968; Rhamno alpini-Berberidion vulgaris Rivas-Mart. In Rivas-Mart. et al. 2011; Ligustro-Prunion spinosae Arlot 1985; Crataego-Prunion T. Müller 1974; Crataego-Prunion T. Müller ex Korneck 1974; Prunion spinosae Soó 1931 Schaminee et al, 2012
Astrantio-Corylion avellanae Passarge 1978 Hazel scrub on nutrient-rich soils in submontane and montane belts of western and Central Europe Corylo avellanae-Populion tremulae Br.-Bl. 1961; Lonicero nigrae-Corylion avellanae de Foucault et Julve in Julve 1993; Senecioni ovati-Corylion avellanae Weber 1997; Corylo avellanae-Populion tremulae (Br.-Bl. ex O. de Bolòs 1973) Rivas-Mart. et Costa 1998 nom. ambig. propos.; Corylo avellanae-Populion tremulae (Br.-Bl. ex Theurillat in Theurillat et al. 1995) Géhu in Bardat et al. 2004 nom. ambig. prpopos.; Corylo avellanae-Populion tremulae Br.-Bl. ex Jurko 1964 nom. ambig. propos.; Populo tremulae-Corylion avellanae Br.-Bl. 1961 nom. conserv. propos. et nom. invers. propos Schaminee et al, 2012
Pruno spinosae-Rubion radulae Weber 1974 Bramble scrub on neutral and base-rich soils in Western and Central Europe Rubion subatlanticum Tx. 1952 p.p.; Euonymo-Crategion (Tx. 1952) Passarge 1968; Mespilo germanicae-Ilicion aquifolii de Foucault et Julve in Julve 1993; Pruno-Rubion fruticosi Tx. 1952 corr. Doing 1962; Pruno-Rubion macrophylli Weber in Dierschke 1981; Pruno-Rubion sprengelii Weber 1974; Rubo-Prunion spinosae (Tx. 1952) T. Müller ex Oberd. et al. 1967; Artemisio-Rubion lobatidentis Passarge 1982; Lysimachio-Rubion nessensis Passarge 1982; Pruno-Rubion subatlanticum (Tx. 1952) Doing 1962 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 31.8 Western Palaearctic temperate thickets wider
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.2. Moors and heathland n/a
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 A21 Scrub: dense/continuous overlap
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 A22 Scrub: scattered overlap
Biodiversity Broad Habitat Classification (UK) 1 Broadleaved, mixed and yew woodland wider
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 5.3.4 Roncier à Rubus fructicosus s.l. narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 5.3.2 Buissons xérothermophiles sur sol neutre à alcalin narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 5.3.3 Buissons mésophiles narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 5.4.1 Lande subatlantique acidophile narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 5.3.1 Buissons thermophiles sur sol acide narrower
Biotopes of the Czech Republic 2001 S1.5 KŘOVINY SKAL A DROLIN S RYBÍZEM ALPÍNSKÝM (RIBES ALPINUM) (Ribes alpinum scrub on cliffs and boulder screes) not defined
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 2141000 Krovinný plášt n/a
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 2141100 Krovinné plaste lužných lesov n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F3.1 Temperate thickets and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F3.1 Temperate thickets and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F3.1 Temperate thickets and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F3.1 Temperate thickets and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F1.3 Temperate thickets and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F1.3 Thorn-thickets, hedgerows and lowland scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 31.8 Western Eurasian thickets same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 31.8 Western Eurasian thickets same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 31.8   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 31.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 31.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 31.8   same
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