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EUNIS habitat classification descriptions

Reference Actions

List of habitats related to this reference:

  1. Marine habitats
  2. Pelagic water column
  3. Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds
  4. Unvegetated mobile shingle beaches above the driftline
  5. Machair
  6. Inland surface waters
  7. Surface running waters
  8. Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens
  9. Spiny Mediterranean heaths (phrygana, hedgehog-heaths and related coastal cliff vegetation)
  10. Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes
  11. Open non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral grassland, including inland dune grassland
  12. Moist or wet eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland
  13. Woodland, forest and other wooded land
  14. Broadleaved deciduous woodland
  15. Coniferous woodland
  16. Mires, bogs and fens
  17. Littoral zone of inland surface waterbodies
  18. Species-rich helophyte beds
  19. Inland unvegetated or sparsely vegetated habitats
  20. Calcareous and ultra-basic screes of warm exposures
  21. Ice caps and true glaciers
  22. Regularly or recently cultivated agricultural, horticultural and domestic habitats
  23. Lines of trees, small anthropogenic woodlands, recently felled woodland, early-stage woodland and coppice
  24. Small-scale ornamental and domestic garden areas
  25. Buildings of cities, towns and villages
  26. Urban and suburban industrial and commercial sites still in active use
  27. Residential buildings of villages and urban peripheries
  28. Coastal habitats
  29. Raised and blanket bogs
  30. Inactive recent volcanic features
  31. Constructed, industrial and other artificial habitats
  32. Low density buildings
  33. Transport networks and other constructed hard-surfaced areas
  34. Road networks
  35. Rail networks
  36. Airport runways and aprons
  37. Hard-surfaced areas of ports
  38. Deep-sea bed
  39. West Mediterranean spiny heaths
  40. Central Mediterranean spiny heaths
  41. East Mediterranean phrygana
  42. Valley mires
  43. Pasture woods (with a tree layer overlying pasture)
  44. Sedge and reedbeds, normally without free-standing water
  45. Heathland, scrub and tundra
  46. Dry grasslands
  47. Arctic, alpine and subalpine scrub
  48. Dry organic substrates with very sparse or no vegetation
  49. Highly artificial man-made waters and associated structures
  50. Highly artificial saline and brackish standing waters
  51. Disused rural constructions
  52. Scattered residential buildings
  53. Urban and suburban construction and demolition sites
  54. Recently abandoned garden areas
  55. Permanent oligotrophic lakes, ponds and pools
  56. Angiosperm communities in reduced salinity
  57. Waste deposits
  58. Riparian and gallery woodland, with dominant [Alnus], [Betula], [Populus] or [Salix]
  59. Mixed riparian floodplain and gallery woodland
  60. Broadleaved swamp woodland not on acid peat
  61. Mediterranean evergreen [Quercus] woodland
  62. Small broadleaved deciduous anthropogenic woodlands
  63. Small broadleaved evergreen anthropogenic woodlands
  64. Small coniferous anthropogenic woodlands
  65. Small mixed broadleaved and coniferous anthropogenic woodlands
  66. Agricultural and horticultural waste
  67. Pavements and recreation areas
  68. Transition mires and quaking bogs
  69. Maquis
  70. Canary Island xerophytic scrub
  71. Madeiran xerophytic scrub
  72. Species-rich hedgerows of native species
  73. Species-poor hedgerows of native species
  74. Beds of large sedges normally without free-standing water
  75. Raised bog complexes
  76. Littoral sediments dominated by aquatic angiosperms
  77. Mediterranean riparian woodland
  78. Broadleaved swamp woodland on acid peat
  79. Non-riverine woodland with [Betula], [Populus tremula] or [Sorbus aucuparia]
  80. Meso- and eutrophic [Quercus], [Carpinus], [Fraxinus], [Acer], [Tilia], [Ulmus] and related woodland
  81. Inland saline and brackish marshes and reedbeds
  82. Inland salt steppes
  83. Moss and lichen dominated mountain summits, ridges and exposed slopes
  84. Coastal dune heaths
  85. Coastal dune scrub
  86. Species-poor beds of low-growing water-fringing or amphibious vegetation
  87. Unvegetated or sparsely vegetated shores with non-mobile substrates
  88. Inland saline or brackish species-poor helophyte beds normally without free-standing water
  89. [Abies] and [Picea] woodland
  90. Coppice and early-stage plantations
  91. Shrub plantations for ornamental purposes or for fruit, other than vineyards
  92. Highly-managed hedgerows of native species
  93. Unvegetated or sparsely vegetated shores with soft or mobile sediments
  94. Burnt areas with very sparse or no vegetation
  95. Cave entrances
  96. Underground standing waterbodies
  97. Underground running waterbodies
  98. Cultivated areas of gardens and parks
  99. Rural industrial and commercial sites still in active use
  100. Urban and suburban public buildings
  101. Disused constructions of cities, towns and villages
  102. Extractive industrial sites
  103. Constructed boundaries
  104. Recently abandoned above-ground spaces of extractive industrial sites
  105. Rural construction and demolition sites
  106. Rural public buildings
  107. Household waste and landfill sites
  108. Non-agricultural organic waste
  109. Waste resulting from building construction or demolition
  110. Hedgerows of non-native species
  111. Land sparsely wooded with broadleaved deciduous trees
  112. Land sparsely wooded with broadleaved evergreen trees
  113. Land sparsely wooded with coniferous trees
  114. Land sparsely wooded with mixed broadleaved and coniferous trees
  115. Cave interiors
  116. Closed Mediterranean dry acid and neutral grassland
  117. Pioneer saltmarshes
  118. Low-mid saltmarshes
  119. Mid-upper saltmarshes and saline and brackish reed, rush and sedge beds
  120. Upper saltmarshes
  121. Saltmarsh driftlines
  122. Deep-sea rock and artificial hard substrata
  123. Deep-sea sand
  124. Deep-sea mud
  125. Brackish coastal lagoons
  126. Disused road, rail and other constructed hard-surfaced areas
  127. Films of water flowing over rocky watercourse margins
  128. Open Mediterranean dry acid and neutral grassland
  129. Riverine and fen scrubs
  130. Riverine scrub
  131. Evergreen orchards and groves
  132. Dark underground passages
  133. Fjell fields and other freeze-thaw features with very sparse or no vegetation
  134. Glacial moraines with very sparse or no vegetation
  135. Woodland fringes and clearings and tall forb stands
  136. Inland spray- and steam-dependent habitats
  137. Shrub plantations for whole-plant harvesting
  138. Shrub plantations for leaf or branch harvest
  139. Early-stage natural and semi-natural woodlands and regrowth
  140. Trampled areas
  141. Constructed parts of cemeteries
  142. Highly artificial saline and brackish running waters
  143. Highly artificial non-saline fountains and cascades
  144. Mixed swamp woodland
  145. Mixed sub-taiga woodland with acidophilous [Quercus]
  146. Mixed [Pinus sylvestris] - [Betula] woodland
  147. Mixed [Pinus sylvestris] - [Fagus] woodland
  148. Mixed non-riverine deciduous and coniferous woodland
  149. Mixed deciduous woodland with [Cupressaceae] or [Taxaceae]
  150. Mixed woodland with [Cupressaceae], [Taxaceae] and evergreen oak
  151. Mixed mediterranean [Pinus] - thermophilous [Quercus] woodland
  152. Mixed [Pinus sylvestris] - acidophilous [Quercus] woodland
  153. Mixed [Pinus nigra] - evergreen [Quercus] woodland
  154. Mixed mediterranean pine - evergreen oak woodland
  155. Mixed forestry plantations
  156. Large non-domestic gardens
  157. Domestic gardens of city and town centres
  158. Domestic gardens of villages and urban peripheries
  159. Deep-sea mixed substrata
  160. Deep-sea muddy sand
  161. Ice-associated marine habitats
  162. Bentho-pelagic habitats
  163. Neuston
  164. Macaronesian garrigues
  165. Mixed taiga woodland with [Betula]
  166. Machair complexes
  167. Blanket bog complexes
  168. Deep-sea bioherms
  169. Brine channels
  170. Under-ice habitat
  171. Completely mixed water column with reduced salinity
  172. Completely mixed water column with full salinity
  173. Partially mixed water column with reduced salinity and medium or long residence time
  174. Unstratified water column with reduced salinity
  175. Vertically stratified water column with reduced salinity
  176. Fronts in reduced salinity water column
  177. Unstratified water column with full salinity
  178. Vertically stratified water column with full salinity
  179. Fronts in full salinity water column
  180. Rock glaciers and unvegetated ice-dominated moraines
  181. Anthropogenic herb stands
  182. Unmanaged mesic grassland
  183. High density temporary residential units
  184. Sparsely wooded grasslands
  185. Sub-continental parkland
  186. Habitat complexes
  187. Marine [Cyperaceae] beds
  188. Seagrass beds on littoral sediments
  189. Features of littoral sediment
  190. Sublittoral seagrass beds
  191. Features of sublittoral sediments
  192. Raised features of the deep-sea bed
  193. Deep-sea trenches and canyons, channels, slope failures and slumps on the continental slope
  194. Vents, seeps, hypoxic and anoxic habitats of the deep sea
  195. Mosaics of mobile and non-mobile substrata in the littoral zone
  196. Mosaics of mobile and non-mobile substrata in the infralittoral zone
  197. Mosaics of mobile and non-mobile substrata in the circalittoral zone
  198. Baltic exposed infralittoral rock
  199. Baltic moderately exposed infralittoral rock
  200. Baltic sheltered infralittoral rock
  201. Baltic exposed circalittoral rock
  202. Baltic moderately exposed circalittoral rock
  203. Baltic sheltered circalittoral rock

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