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Sound and independent information
on the environment

Podyjí/Thaya River Basin

Quick facts

  • European Diploma of Protected Areas (code CZ940002)
  • Since 2000
  • Country: Czech Republic
  • Administrative region: Not available
  • Surface area: 63 km2 (6259.00 ha)
  • Marine area: Not available

Source and more information: Council of Europe


Description

Site contact authorities

Manager ing. Tomás Rothröckl Administration of the Podyjí National Park Na Vyhlídce 5 CZ-669 01 Znojmo The Czech Republic Tel.: +420-624-244015 Tel GSM: 0602-745465 Fax.: +420-624-221115 E-mail: rothrockl@nppodyji.cz
Information Visitors Centre of the Administration of the Podyjí National Park Cízov 176 CZ-671 02 Sumná The Czech Republic Tel GSM: 0606-710300 Fax.: +420-624-221115 E-mail: info@nppodyji.cz
Official contact international  
Official contact national  
Official contact regional  
Official contact local  

Description

General character of the site Exceptional undisturbed river valley with adjacent complexes of more or less natural woodland and small areas of unique non-wooded communities, lying at the contact of two biogeographic regions. The territory is unique, above all, in geomorphological arrangement and considerable species diversity of higher plants and invertebrates. The Dyje river valley in the National Park is an unusually well preserved example of the river valley phenomenon with all natural components, unparalleled in central Europe at present. The territory is the representative of similar landscape types in the European context. The Podyjí National Park secures the territorial conservation of only a half of the river valley system. The other half lies in Austria and, thus, the necessary co-ordination of nature conservation strengthens the aspect of European co-operation. The considerable variety of natural communities and their high species diversity make it possible to utilise this territory as a model for a number of research projects in nature conservation and management in other protected regions of Europe. The protection of the area is aomed at supporting the development of natural processes in all ecosystems in the NP so that autoregulations can take place in most of its territory in a short time. 
Quality  
Vulnerability The character of the terrain (the deep river valley) predetermines the danger imminent to the territory of the NP from the part of water-borne noxious substances. In most cases, this pertains to breakdowns in small streams and in the villages lying in the buffer zone. A similar danger threatens from the mainstream of the Dyje river upstream of the teriitory of the NP. The marginal parts of the NP may be affected by agricultural chemicals from arable land lying in the buffer zone. The impact of atmospheric depositions on the territory of the NP is among the least in the Czech Republic. Aseparate problem is posed by the permanent changes in the Dyje river ecosystem, resulting from the existence of the Vranov valley reservoir. 
Designation  
Owner 86% NP Area - state 9% NP Area - private 1% NP Area - municipal 
Documentation  
Habitat types  
Flora  
Fauna  
Potential vegetation  
Geomorphology The river Dyje is the axis of the Podyjí National Park. Its canyon-like valley (up to 230m deep) passes the surrounding levelled terrain of the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands. Together with the tributaries the river has formed the most marked geomorphological shapes in the NP, above all, sunken meanders. Most of the territory consists of metamorphosed and volcanic Proterozoic rocks of the Bohemian Massif. In the eastern part they are overlapped by Neogene marine sediments of the Carpathian system. Loess of Würm age occurs scattered throughout the territory of the NP. The metamorphosed rocks of the Moravicum are represented by biotitic paragneiss with positions of mica schist, amphibolite, crystalline limestone and quartzite, orthogneiss with amphibolite and erlane positions. Biotitic granite is the major rock type in the eastern part of the NP. In its eastern margin these rocks are overlapped by sediments of the Carpathian system (clay, sand, grave). The age of the rocks is Proterozoic. After the sea had finally retreated (ca 17 million years ago) the present river system began to develop. During the Quaternary, river erosion and frost weathering began gaining ground, intense rock destruction took place, giving rise to mighty clock streams, stone fields, rock walls and many other geomorphological formations. 
Educational interest The section for Public Relations of the Administration of the Podyjí National Park fulfils all tasks connected with education and propagation. This section, numbering three persons, performs its activities in the Visitors Centre of the Administration of the Podyjí National Park where a permanent exhibition showing the NP has been installed. Also, there is an information service incl. a movie theatre where the visitors can watch cideos pertaining to the environment and nature conservation. The administration of the NP organises guided thematic excursions to the park for the public, expert excursions and practice for high school and university students and special organisations, post-gradual courses for teachers, and prize competitions aimed at nature conservation for school children. Specialised publications are edited, presenting research results. Also, lectures and exhibitions are organised. 
Cultural heritage Traces of Upper Palaeolithic settlement are primarily found in the present villages. Thus, such localities have been continuously dettled up to present. The terrain disposition, predestined by the presence of a deep valley, fascilitated the development of lofty fortresses, particularly in the Latene period and the early Middle Ages, at which periods also important deforestation took place. Roughly a millennium ago developed the definite settlement structure with a system of villages on the outside of the woodland complex of the Dyje valley. At that time also the state and land boundaries were stabilised, passing the Dyje river valley and separating Slavonic inhabitants from German ones. The spatial parameters have never permitted a full development of economic activities in this area. The narrow floodplain was utilised as arable land and meadows only in the vivinity of mills. The wooded valley slopes were only extensively exploited. A radical change in the development of the territory was brought about by creating an inaccessible border area in July, 1951. Many previously farmed areas were abandoned and left to natural development, the area was spared wild construction of recreation objects, and all human activities except logging declined. 
Justification  
Methodology  
Budget  
Management plan  
URL official http://www.visitczechia.cz/scripts/menu/menu.dll/narparkdet?l=uk&id=7 
URL interesting http://www.nature.cz/biodiversity/wildlife/park3000.htm 

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100