Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Cypriniformes > Family: Cyprinidae > Genus: Pimephales > Species: Pimephales promelas

Fathead minnow - Pimephales promelas Rafinesque, 1820

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Not evaluated (IUCN)
Reported as invasive by NOBANIS

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Least Concern


Not evaluated


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Fathead minnow English Fishbase
Fettköpfige Elritze German Fishbase
Tête de boule French Fishbase
Synonym Author
Pimephalus promelas Rafinesque, 1820
Pimephales promelas promelas Rafinesque, 1820
Pimephales fasciatus Girard, 1856
Hyborhynchus confertus Girard, 1856
Pimephales maculosus Girard, 1856
Hyborhynchus puniceus Girard, 1856
Plargyrus melanocephalus Abbott, 1860
Pimephales milesii Cope, 1865
Pimephales agassizii Cope, 1867
Colistus parietalis Cope, 1871
Hyborhynchus nigellus Cope, 1875
Cliola smithii Evermann & Cox, 1896
Pimephales anuli Kendall, 1903
Pimephales promelas harveyensis Hubbs & Lagler, 1949

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100