Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Picimorphes > Family: Picidae > Genus: Dendrocopos > Species: Dendrocopos leucotos

White-backed Woodpecker - Dendrocopos leucotos (Bechstein, 1803)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU Population status
Unknown
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 459 are designated for this species
Breeding habitats
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code A239

Distribution

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Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Secure
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
CZ0721023 Czech Republic Horní Vsacko Map
CZ0721024 Czech Republic Hostýnské vrchy Map
CZ0811022 Czech Republic Beskydy Map
DE6743301 Germany Hoher Bogen Map
DE8239401 Germany Geigelstein Map
DE8241401 Germany Naturschutzgebiet 'Östliche Chiemgauer Alpen' Map
DE8331302 Germany Ammer vom Alpenrand b. zum NSG 'Vogelfreistätte Ammersee-Südufer' Map
DE8332301 Germany Murnauer Moos Map
DE8342301 Germany Nationalpark Berchtesgaden Map
DE8426301 Germany Oberes Weißachtal mit Lanzen-, Katzen- und Mittelbach Map
DE8427301 Germany Grünten Map
DE8429304 Germany Aggenstein Map
DE8528301 Germany Allgäuer Hochalpen Map
DE8528401 Germany Naturschutzgebiet Allgäuer Hochalpen Map
DE8626401 Germany Hoher Ifen und Piesenkopf Map
EE0040001 Estonia Väinamere Map
EE0040344 Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa Map
EE0080172 Estonia Endla Map
EE0080371 Estonia Kärevere Map
EE0080374 Estonia Alam-Pedja Map
ES0000123 Spain Larra-Aztaparreta Map
ES0000126 Spain Roncesvalles-Selva de Irati Map
ES0000129 Spain Sierra de Artxuga, Zarikieta y Montes de Areta Map
ES0000130 Spain Sierra de Arrigorrieta y Peña Ezkaurre Map
ES0000137 Spain Los Valles Map
ES2200009 Spain Larrondo-Lakartxela Map
ES2200017 Spain Señorío de Bértiz Map
ES2200018 Spain Belate Map
ES2200019 Spain Monte Alduide Map
ES2410003 Spain Los Valles Map
FR7210087 France Hautes vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau Map
FR7210089 France Pènes du Moulle de Jaout Map
GR1110002 Greece DASOS DADIAS - SOUFLI Map
GR1220009 Greece LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
GR1250001 Greece OROS OLYMPOS Map
GR1260008 Greece TECHNITI LIMNI KERKINIS - OROS KROUSIA Map
GR1260009 Greece KOILADA TIMIOU PRODROMOU-MENOIKION Map
GR1260010 Greece OROS BELES Map
GR1270012 Greece OROS CHOLOMONTAS Map
GR1310002 Greece VALIA KALNTA KAI TECHNITI LIMNI AOOU Map
GR1320002 Greece KORYFES OROUS GRAMMOS Map
GR1340001 Greece ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON Map
GR1340003 Greece ORI VARNOUNTA Map
GR1420006 Greece OROS MAVROVOUNI Map
GR1420007 Greece OROS OSSA Map
GR1420008 Greece KATO OLYMPOS, OROS GODAMANI KAI KOILADA RODIAS Map
GR1440005 Greece ANTICHASIA ORI KAI METEORA Map
GR1440006 Greece KORYFES OROUS KOZIAKA Map
GR2120008 Greece ORI PARAMYTHIAS, STENA KALAMA ΚΑΙ STENA ACHERONTA Map
GR2130002 Greece KORYFES OROUS SMOLIKAS Map
GR2130009 Greece OROS TYMFI (GKAMILA) Map
GR2130010 Greece OROS DOUSKON, ORAIOKASTRO, DASOS MEROPIS, KOILADA GORMOU, LIMNI DELVINAKIOU Map
GR2320010 Greece ORI BARMPAS, KLOKOS, FARANGI SELINOUNTA Map
GR2330002 Greece OROPEDIO FOLOIS Map
GR2410002 Greece OROS PARNASSOS Map
GR2440005 Greece KATO ROUS KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU POTAMOU Map
GR2440007 Greece ETHNIKOS DRYMOS OITIS - KOILADA ASOPOU Map
GR2450007 Greece KORYFES OROUS GKIONA, CHARADRA REKA, LAZOREMA KAI VATHIA LAKKA Map
GR2550009 Greece OROS TAYGETOS - LAGKADA TRYPIS Map
HUAN10001 Hungary Aggteleki-karszt Map
HUAN10002 Hungary Putnoki-dombság Map
HUBF30001 Hungary Északi-Bakony Map
HUBN10003 Hungary Bükk-hegység és peremterületei Map
HUBN10006 Hungary Mátra Map
HUBN10007 Hungary Zempléni-hegység a Szerencsi-dombsággal és a Hernád-völggyel Map
HUDI10002 Hungary Börzsöny és Visegrádi-hegység Map
HUDI10003 Hungary Gerecse Map
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IT6020046 Italy Riserva naturale Montagne della Duchessa Map
IT6050008 Italy Monti Simbruini ed Ernici Map
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IT7110204 Italy Maiella Sud Ovest Map
IT7110205 Italy Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo Map
IT7120132 Italy Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo, Lazio e Molise ed aree limitrofe Map
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Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Baltmuguras dzenis Latvian Latvian NRC
dzieciol bialogrzbiety Polish Polish NRC
Fehérhátú fakopáncs Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Hvidrygget flagspætte Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Hvitryggspett Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Pic à dos blanc French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pica-pau-de-dorso-branco Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Picchio dorsobianco Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pico Dorsiblanco Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Valkoselkätikka Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Vitryggig hackspett Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Weißrückenspecht German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
White-backed Woodpecker English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Witrugspecht Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Synonym Author
Dendrocopos leucotis (Bechstein, 1803)

Other resources

EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:08840 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Dendrocopos leucotos European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

37 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 200/500 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Austria 800/1500 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Azerbaijan 0/100 (pairs) 1996-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Azerbaijan 0/400 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Belarus 5000/6000 (pairs) 1997-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Bulgaria 1200/1700 (pairs) 1996-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Croatia 100/500 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Croatia 100/500 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Czech Republic 150/250 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Estonia 350/700 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Estonia 1000/2500 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Finland 30/50 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
France 200/450 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Georgia Present/Present (pairs) 2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Germany 250/400 (pairs) 1995-1999 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Greece 500/2000 (pairs) 1995-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Greece 1500/5000 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Hungary 250/400 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Italy 300/500 (pairs) 2003 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Latvia 2000/2500 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Liechtenstein 4/8 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Lithuania 900/1200 (pairs) 1999-2001 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Macedonia (FYR) 100/1000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Norway 1700/1800 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Poland 400/600 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Romania 40000/60000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Romania 16000/24000 (pairs) 2000-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Russian Federation 150000/500000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Serbia and Montenegro 500/1000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Slovakia 1500/2500 (pairs) 1990-1999 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Slovakia 3000/6000 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Slovenia 20/30 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Spain 78/95 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Sweden 4/6 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Switzerland 5/10 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Turkey 500/900 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Ukraine 570/930 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

37 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 9% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 50% to 79% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 50% to 79% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 100 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Georgia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 30% to 49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Liechtenstein 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Macedonia (FYR) 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovenia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing but of unknown magnitude Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International
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