Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Picimorphes > Family: Picidae > Genus: Dendrocopos > Species: Dendrocopos syriacus

Syrian Woodpecker - Dendrocopos syriacus (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 2 other international agreements
Breeding habitats
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • urban
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code A429

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
CZ0621025 Czech Republic Bzenecka Doubrava - Stranicke Pomoravi Map
CZ0621026 Czech Republic Hovoransko - Cejkovicko Map
CZ0621029 Czech Republic Palava Map
CZ0621032 Czech Republic Podyji Map
GR1110002 Greece DASOS DADIAS - SOUFLI Map
GR1110006 Greece DELTA EVROU Map
GR1110008 Greece PARAPOTAMIO DASOS VOREIOU EVROU KAI ARDA Map
GR1110009 Greece NOTIO DASIKO SYMPLEGMA EVROU Map
GR1120004 Greece STENA NESTOU Map
GR1130010 Greece LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA Map
GR1130011 Greece KOILADA FILIOURI Map
GR1130012 Greece KOILADA KOMPSATOU Map
GR1150001 Greece DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA Map
GR1220009 Greece LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
GR1220010 Greece DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS Map
GR1220011 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA EPANOMIS Map
GR1230003 Greece LIMNI DOIRANI Map
GR1240001 Greece KORYFES OROUS VORA Map
GR1240002 Greece ORI TZENA Map
GR1240006 Greece LIMNI KAI FRAGMA AGRA Map
GR1250001 Greece OROS OLYMPOS Map
GR1260008 Greece TECHNITI LIMNI KERKINIS - OROS KROUSIA Map
GR1260009 Greece KOILADA TIMIOU PRODROMOU-MENOIKION Map
GR1260010 Greece OROS BELES Map
GR1270012 Greece OROS CHOLOMONTAS Map
GR1310002 Greece VALIA KALNTA KAI TECHNITI LIMNI AOOU Map
GR1320003 Greece LIMNI ORESTIAS (KASTORIAS) Map
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GR1340005 Greece LIMNES CHEIMADITIDA - ZAZARI Map
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GR1420006 Greece OROS MAVROVOUNI Map
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GR1440005 Greece ANTICHASIA ORI KAI METEORA Map
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GR2110004 Greece AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA Map
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BG0002074 Bulgaria Nikopolsko plato Map
BG0000152 Bulgaria Pomoriysko ezero Map
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Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Balkáni fakopáncs Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Balkanspett Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Blutspecht German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pic syriaque French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pica-pau-sírio Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Picchio rosso di Siria Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Picchio siriaco Italian EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Pico Sirio Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Syrian Woodpecker English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Syriantikka Finnish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Syrische Bonte Specht Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Syrisk flagspætte Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Syyriantikka Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:08780 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

33 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 1000/4000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Albania 1000/3000 (pairs) 1981 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Armenia 1000/2000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Austria 2000/4000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 5000/10000 (pairs) 1996-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 20000/40000 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belarus 50/100 (pairs) 1993-1994 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 10000/50000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 10000/100000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Croatia 500/1000 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 500/1500 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Czech Republic 1000/1400 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Georgia Present/Present (pairs) 2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 10000/20000 (pairs) 1995-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 25000/50000 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece Mediterranean 5000/10000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Hungary 15000/35000 (pairs) 1999-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Macedonia (FYR) 3000/15000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 3200/3800 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 7000/9000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 5000/7000 (pairs) 1990 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Poland 300/800 (pairs) 1997-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 60000/80000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 24000/32000 (pairs) 2000-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 80000/150000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Russian Federation 5000/10000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Serbia and Montenegro 25000/33000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 1500/2500 (pairs) 1980-1999 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 2500/5000 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovenia 5/10 (pairs) 1997-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 400000/800000 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 10000/100000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Ukraine 25000/45000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

33 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Albania 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Armenia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 9% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Croatia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 30% to 49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 30% to 49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Georgia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece Mediterranean 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Hungary 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Macedonia (FYR) 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Poland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovenia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1970-1990 Breeding Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Ukraine 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

29 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Poland 2014-10-01 2016-05-30 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species. Deliberate disturbance and scaring away is caused by people and the noise mahinery.
Mazowieckie 2014-10-01 2016-05-30 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species. Deliberate disturbance and scaring away is caused by people and the noise mahinery.
Poland 2014-09-05 2014-10-31 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-09-05 2014-10-31 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Poland 2014-07-25 2014-08-31 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-07-25 2014-08-31 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Poland 2014-06-01 2014-12-15 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-06-01 2014-12-15 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Bulgaria 2013-05-22 2014-12-31 The number of bird is not specified taking into account the unpredictable number of caught individuals. Capture (ringing) No impact
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 200 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 200 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Severoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 30 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Severoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 30 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Keeping in captivity No impact
Yugoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 30 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Yugoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 30 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Keeping in captivity No impact
Severoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 30 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Severoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 30 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Keeping in captivity No impact
Yugoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 30 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Yugoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 30 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Keeping in captivity No impact
Severoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 30 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Severoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 30 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Keeping in captivity No impact
Yugoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 30 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Yugoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 30 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Keeping in captivity No impact
Severen tsentralen 2009-06-08 2010-12-31 The permit allows 20 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Severoiztochen 2009-06-08 2010-12-31 The permit allows 20 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Yugoiztochen 2009-06-08 2010-12-31 The permit allows 20 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Yugozapaden 2009-06-08 2010-12-31 The permit allows 20 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Yuzhen tsentralen 2009-06-08 2010-12-31 The permit allows 20 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Yugozapaden 2009-05-01 2010-12-31 The permit allows 10 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100