Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Falconiformes > Family: Falconidae > Genus: Falco > Species: Falco columbarius

Merlin - Falco columbarius Linnaeus, 1758

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 6 other international agreements
Breeding habitats
  • heathland and shrub
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • woodland and forest
Wintering habitats
  • cropland
  • grassland
  • heathland and shrub
  • wetlands
Natura 2000 species code A098

Distribution

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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BE2500831 Belgium Ijzervallei Map
DE2746401 Germany Uckermärkische Seenlandschaft Map
DE2935301 Germany Aland-Elbe-Niederung nördlich Seehausen Map
DE2935401 Germany Aland-Elbe-Niederung Map
DE2948401 Germany Schorfheide-Chorin Map
DE2951401 Germany Unteres Odertal Map
DE3036301 Germany Elbaue Beuster-Wahrenberg Map
DE3036401 Germany Unteres Elbtal Map
DE3132401 Germany Landgraben-Dumme-Niederung Map
DE3239301 Germany Untere Havel und Schollener See Map
DE3239401 Germany Untere Havel/Sachsen-Anhalt und Schollener See Map
DE3334301 Germany Secantsgraben, Milde und Biese Map
DE3334401 Germany Milde-Niederung/Altmark Map
DE3339402 Germany Niederung der Unteren Havel Map
DE3341401 Germany U. Rhinluch/Dreetzer See, Havell. Luch und Belziger Landschaftsw. Map
DE3437302 Germany Elbaue zwischen Derben und Schönhausen Map
DE3437401 Germany Elbaue Jerichow Map
DE3450401 Germany Märkische Schweiz Map
DE3532401 Germany Vogelschutzgebiet Drömling Map
DE3533301 Germany Drömling Map
DE3635401 Germany Vogelschutzgebiet Colbitz-Letzlinger Heide Map
DE3639401 Germany Vogelschutzgebiet Fiener Bruch Map
DE3642401 Germany Rietzer See Map
DE3807401 Germany Vogelschutzgebiet 'Moore und Heiden des westlichen Münsterlandes' Map
DE3936301 Germany Elbaue zwischen Saalemündung und Magdeburg Map
DE3938401 Germany Zerbster Land Map
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DE4831401 Germany Gera-Unstrut-Niederung um Straußfurt Map
DE5610401 Germany Maifeld Kaan-Lonnig Map
DE5619306 Germany Grünlandgebiete in der Wetterau Map
DE5709401 Germany Maifeld Einig-Naunheim Map
DE6116301 Germany Riedwiesen von Wächterstadt Map
DE7923401 Germany Federseeried Map
DE8011401 Germany Rheinniederung Neuenburg - Breisach Map
DE8220401 Germany Untersee des Bodensees Map
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IE0004040 Ireland Wicklow Mountains SPA Map
IE0004098 Ireland Owenduff/Nephin Complex SPA Map
IE0004099 Ireland Pettigo Plateau Nature Reserve SPA Map
IE0004101 Ireland Ballykenny-Fisherstown Bog SPA Map
IE0004102 Ireland Garriskil Bog SPA Map
IE0004103 Ireland All Saints Bog SPA Map
IE0004110 Ireland Lough Nillan Bog SPA Map
IT1110019 Italy Baraccone (confluenza Po - Dora Baltea) Map
IT1120007 Italy Palude di S. Genuario Map
IT1120023 Italy Isola di Santa Maria Map
IT1150001 Italy Valle del Ticino Map
IT1160024 Italy Colle e Lago della Maddalena, Val Puriac Map
IT1160056 Italy Alpi Marittime Map
IT1180002 Italy Torrente Orba Map
IT1180004 Italy Greto dello Scrivia Map
IT1180005 Italy Ghiaia Grande (Fiume Po) Map
IT1180027 Italy Confluenza Po - Sesia - Tanaro Map
IT1331578 Italy Beigua - Turchino Map
IT2010007 Italy Palude Brabbia Map
IT2020003 Italy Palude di Albate Map
IT2030003 Italy Monte Barro Map
IT2030301 Italy Monte Barro Map
IT2040008 Italy Cime di Plator e Monte delle Scale Map
IT2040022 Italy Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna Map
IT2040044 Italy Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio Map
IT2060011 Italy Canto Alto e Valle del Giongo Map
IT2080003 Italy Garzaia della Verminesca Map
IT2080009 Italy Garzaia della Cascina Notizia Map
IT2080011 Italy Abbazia Acqualunga Map
IT2080014 Italy Boschi Siro Negri e Moriano Map
IT2080301 Italy Boschi del Ticino Map
IT2090001 Italy Monticchie Map
IT2090007 Italy Lanca di Soltarico Map
IT20A0001 Italy Morta di Pizzighettone Map
IT20A0002 Italy Naviglio di Melotta Map
IT20A0003 Italy Palata Menasciutto Map
IT20A0004 Italy Le Bine Map
IT20A0005 Italy Lanca di Gabbioneta Map
IT20A0006 Italy Lanche di Azzanello Map
IT20A0007 Italy Bosco della Marisca Map
IT20A0008 Italy Isola Uccellanda Map
IT20A0009 Italy Bosco di Barco Map
IT20B0001 Italy Bosco Foce Oglio Map
IT20B0003 Italy Lanca Cascina S. Alberto Map
IT20B0005 Italy Torbiere di Marcaria Map
IT20B0008 Italy Paludi di Ostiglia Map
IT20B0009 Italy Valli del Mincio Map
IT20B0010 Italy Vallazza Map
IT20B0011 Italy Bosco Fontana Map
IT3110034 Italy Biotopo Lago di Caldaro Map
IT3120096 Italy Bocca di Caset Map
IT3220013 Italy Bosco di Dueville Map
IT3240016 Italy Bosco di Gaiarine Map
IT3250003 Italy Penisola del Cavallino: biotopi litoranei Map
IT3250006 Italy Bosco di Lison Map
IT3250022 Italy Bosco Zacchi Map
IT3250033 Italy Laguna di Caorle - Foce del Tagliamento Map
IT3250040 Italy Foce del Tagliamento Map
IT3250041 Italy Valle Vecchia - Zumelle - Valli di Bibione Map
IT3250042 Italy Valli Zignago - Perera - Franchetti - Nova Map
IT3310007 Italy Greto del Tagliamento Map
IT3310009 Italy Magredi del Cellina Map
IT3320026 Italy Risorgive dello Stella Map
IT3320037 Italy Laguna di Marano e Grado Map
IT3330005 Italy Foce dell'Isonzo - Isola della Cona Map
IT3330006 Italy Valle Cavanata e Banco Mula di Muggia Map
IT4020001 Italy Boschi di Carrega Map
IT4020003 Italy Torrente Stirone Map
IT4020021 Italy Medio Taro Map
IT4030007 Italy Fontanili di Corte Valle Re Map
IT4030015 Italy Valli di Novellara Map
IT4030020 Italy Golena del Po di Gualtieri, Guastalla e Luzzara Map
IT4040014 Italy Valli Mirandolesi Map
IT4050022 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Medicina e Molinella Map
IT4050023 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Budrio e Minerbio Map
IT4050024 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Bentivoglio, S. Pietro in Casale, Malalbergo e Baricella Map
IT4050025 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Crevalcore Map
IT4050026 Italy Bacini ex-zuccherificio di Argelato e Golena del Fiume Reno Map
IT4060001 Italy Valli di Argenta Map
IT4060002 Italy Valli di Comacchio Map
IT4060008 Italy Valle del Mezzano Map
IT4060015 Italy Bosco della Mesola, Bosco Panfilia, Bosco di Santa Giustina, Valle Falce, La Goara Map
IT4070004 Italy Pialasse Baiona, Risega e Pontazzo Map
IT4080007 Italy Pietramora, Ceparano, Rio Cozzi Map
IT5160003 Italy Tombolo di Cecina Map
IT51A0013 Italy Padule della Trappola, Bocca d'Ombrone Map
IT51A0014 Italy Pineta Granducale dell'Uccellina Map
IT51A0018 Italy Monte Labbro e alta valle dell'Albegna Map
IT51A0026 Italy Laguna di Orbetello Map
IT51A0036 Italy Pianure del Parco della Maremma Map
IT5210070 Italy Lago Trasimeno Map
IT5210072 Italy Palude di Colfiorito Map
IT5310025 Italy Calanchi e praterie aride della media Valle del Foglia Map
IT5310028 Italy Tavernelle sul Metauro Map
IT5320015 Italy Monte Conero Map
IT5320017 Italy Gola della Rossa e di Frasassi Map
IT5330024 Italy Selva dell'Abbadia di Fiastra Map
IT5330025 Italy Monte San Vicino e Monte Canfaito Map
IT8010018 Italy Variconi Map
IT8030038 Italy Corpo centrale e rupi costiere occidentali dell'Isola di Capri Map
IT8050008 Italy Capo Palinuro Map
IT8050047 Italy Costa tra Marina di Camerota e Policastro Bussentino Map
IT8050048 Italy Costa tra Punta Tresino e le Ripe Rosse Map
IT9220144 Italy Lago S. Giuliano e Timmari Map
ITA010006 Italy Paludi di Capo Feto e Margi Spanò Map
ITA020010 Italy Isola di Ustica Map
ITA030011 Italy Dorsale Curcuraci, Antennamare Map
ITA050001 Italy Biviere e Macconi di Gela Map
ITB034001 Italy Stagno di S'Ena Arrubia Map
ITB034006 Italy Stagno di Mistras Map
ITB044003 Italy Stagno di Cagliari Map
LU0001006 Luxembourg Vallées de la Sûre, de la Wiltz, de la Clerve et du Lellgerbaach Map
LU0001011 Luxembourg Vallée de l'Ernz noire / Beaufort / Berdorf Map
LU0001017 Luxembourg Vallée de la Sûre inférieure Map
LU0001029 Luxembourg Région de la Moselle supérieure Map
LU0002007 Luxembourg Vallée supérieure de l'Alzette Map
LU0002012 Luxembourg Haff Réimech Map
LV0000130 Latvia Ziemelu purvi Map
LV0100500 Latvia Teicu dabas rezervats Map
LV0200100 Latvia Gaujas nacionalais parks Map
LV0200200 Latvia Kemeru nacionalais parks Map
LV0301700 Latvia Piejura Map
LV0303500 Latvia Pape Map
LV0502600 Latvia Stompaku purvi Map
LV0507800 Latvia Liepajas ezers Map
LV0508300 Latvia Dunika Map
LV0520300 Latvia Uzava Map
LV0523300 Latvia Dzelves - Krona purvs Map
LV0523400 Latvia Ances purvi un mezi Map
LV0525600 Latvia Zvarde Map
LV0600700 Latvia Ziemelgauja Map
LV0600800 Latvia Adazi Map
PLB140001 Poland Dolina Dolnego Bugu Map
PLB220004 Poland Ujście Wisły Map
PLB320002 Poland Delta Świny Map
PLB320006 Poland Jezioro Świdwie Map
PLB320007 Poland Łąki Skoszewskie Map
PLB320009 Poland Zalew Szczeciński Map
PLC140001 Poland Puszcza Kampinoska Map
PLC200004 Poland Puszcza Białowieska Map
PTZPE0010 Portugal Estuário do Tejo Map
PTZPE0045 Portugal Mourão/Moura/Barrancos Map
PTZPE0046 Portugal Castro Verde Map
PTZPE0047 Portugal Vale do Guadiana Map
SE0230067 Sweden Tåkern Map
SE0230124 Sweden Kungsbro Map
SE0230125 Sweden Svartåmynningen Map
SE0240039 Sweden Kindla Map
SE0330083 Sweden Ottenby Map
SE0330176 Sweden Stora Alvaret Map
SE0410040 Sweden Utklippan Map
SE0410041 Sweden Torhamn-Hästholmen Map
SE0420002 Sweden Hallands Väderö Map
SE0420144 Sweden Vramsåns mynningsområde Map
SE0420145 Sweden Hammarsjöområdet Map
SE0420146 Sweden Araslövssjöområdet Map
SE0420264 Sweden Egeside-Pulken-Yngsjön Map
SE0430002 Sweden Falsterbo-Foteviken Map
SE0430125 Sweden Skälderviken Map
SE0430173 Sweden Lommaområdet Map
SE0510049 Sweden Getteröns fågelreservat Map
SE0510176 Sweden Båtafjorden Map
SE0510177 Sweden Galtabäck-Lynga strandängar Map
SE0530028 Sweden Hullsjön Map
SE0540062 Sweden Östen Map
SE0540120 Sweden Åråsviken-Vallholmen Map
SE0620001 Sweden Långfjället-Städjan-Nipfjället Map
SE0620041 Sweden Anjosvarden-Stopån-Våmhuskölen Map
SE0710016 Sweden Långharsholmen Map
SE0710152 Sweden Stornäset Map
SE0720029 Sweden Sonfjället Map
SE0720033 Sweden Rogen Map
SE0720084 Sweden Vålådalen Map
SE0720160 Sweden Oldflån-Ansätten Map
SE0720164 Sweden Skäckerfjällen Map
SE0720171 Sweden Svenskådalen Map
SE0720183 Sweden Frostvikenfjällen Map
SE0720201 Sweden Helvetesbrännan; Norra Map
SE0720215 Sweden Brötarna Map
SE0720282 Sweden Ånnsjön Map
SE0720362 Sweden Tysjöarna Map
SE0810057 Sweden Gitsfjället Map
SE0810059 Sweden Marsfjället Map
SE0810080 Sweden Vindelfjällen Map
SE0810475 Sweden Umeälvens delta och slätter Map
SE0810505 Sweden Brånsjön Map
SE0820018 Sweden Lamburträsk Map
SE0820035 Sweden Rödkallen-SörÄspen Map
SE0820042 Sweden Gammelstadsviken Map
SE0820108 Sweden Haparanda skärgård Map
SE0820167 Sweden Muddus Map
SE0820201 Sweden Padjelanta Map
SE0820216 Sweden Sjaunja Map
SE0820275 Sweden Alajaure Map
SE0820276 Sweden Påkketanjaure Map
SE0820287 Sweden Pessinki fjällurskog Map
SE0820295 Sweden Laidauredeltat Map
SE0820614 Sweden Stormyran Map
SE0820618 Sweden Tervavuoma Map
SE0820619 Sweden Tavvavuoma Map
SE0820714 Sweden Tjålmejaure Map
SE0820739 Sweden Möröfjärden Map
UK9001151 United Kingdom Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands Map
UK9001571 United Kingdom Lewis Peatlands Map
UK9002241 United Kingdom Cairngorms Map
UK9002301 United Kingdom Drumochter Hills Map
UK9003261 United Kingdom Muirkirk and North Lowther Uplands Map
UK9004381 United Kingdom Forest of Clunie Map
UK9005151 United Kingdom Bowland Fells Map
UK9006161 United Kingdom North York Moors Map
UK9006272 United Kingdom North Pennine Moors Map
UK9007021 United Kingdom Peak District Moors (South Pennine Moors Phase 1) Map
UK9007022 United Kingdom South Pennine Moors Phase 2 Map
UK9010101 United Kingdom Dorset Heathlands Map
UK9012031 United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes Map
UK9013111 United Kingdom Berwyn Map
UK9013131 United Kingdom Migneint-Arenig-Dduallt Map
UK9014111 United Kingdom Elenydd - Mallaen Map
IT3110051 Italy Biotopo Ahrau di Stegona Map
FI0800162 Finland Lålbyn peltoaukea Map
DE4926402 Germany Rendaer Höhe Map
IT2040042 Italy Pian di Spagna e Lago di Mezzola Map
ES6200006 Spain Espacios Abiertos e Islas del Mar Menor Map
IT2080023 Italy Garzaia di Cascina Villarasca Map
FR2112010 France Barrois et forêt de Clairvaux Map
ES2430086 Spain Monte Alto y Siete Cabezos Map
GR2110001 Greece AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) Map
ES6200004 Spain Sierras y Vega Alta del Segura y Ríos Alhárabe y Moratalla Map
IT2010022 Italy Alnete del Lago di Varese Map
ES2420114 Spain Saladas de Alcañiz Map
IT8020014 Italy Bosco di Castelpagano e Torrente Tammarecchia Map
ES6200018 Spain Sierra de la Muela Map
FR8312007 France Sologne bourbonnaise Map
FI0700149 Finland Kesonsuo ja Syväysjoki Map
SKUEV0166 Slovakia Ciglát Map
BG0002059 Bulgaria Kamenski bair Map
FR5212012 France Corniche de Pail, forêt de Multonne Map
ES2420093 Spain Salada de Azaila Map
ES2200035 Spain Tramos Bajos del Aragón y del Arga Map
IT2080703 Italy Po di Pieve Porto Morone Map
FR2612006 France Prairies alluviales et milieux associés de Saône-et-Loire Map
BG0000270 Bulgaria Atanasovsko ezero Map
FR8312002 France Haut Val d'Allier Map
BG0002025 Bulgaria Lomovete Map
IT20A0401 Italy Riserva Regionale Bosco Ronchetti Map
ES2430079 Spain Loma Negra Map
ES2110001 Spain Valderejo Map
DE3744421 Germany Nuthe-Nieplitz-Niederung Map
ITA020033 Italy Monte San Calogero (Termini Imerese) Map
ES4310010 Spain La Serena Map
IT9110015 Italy Duna e Lago di Lesina - Foce del Fortore Map
FR1112002 France Bassée et plaines adjacentes Map
IT2090702 Italy Po di Corte S. Andrea Map
IT7222296 Italy Sella di Vinchiaturo Map
BG0002085 Bulgaria Chairya Map
ES2430085 Spain Laguna de Plantados y Laguna de Agón Map
SKUEV0313 Slovakia Devínske jazero Map
IT8020001 Italy Alta Valle del Fiume Tammaro Map
ES4250001 Spain Sierra de San Vicente y valles del Tiétar y Alberche Map
GR1150010 Greece DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
FR7412002 France Étang des Landes Map
FR4112009 France Forêts et étangs d'Argonne et vallée de l'Ornain Map
PLB320011 Poland Zalew Kamieński i Dziwna Map
IT20A0018 Italy Cave Danesi Map
FR2410016 France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines d'Anjou et de Touraine Map
FR5212001 France Marais de Goulaine Map
ITA050012 Italy Torre Manfria, Biviere e Piana di Gela Map
BG0002009 Bulgaria Zlatiyata Map
IT20B0501 Italy Viadana, Portiolo, San Benedetto Po e Ostiglia Map
LTSVEB008 Lithuania Adutiškio - Guntauninkų miškai Map
PLB220010 Poland Bielawskie Błota Map
FR2410024 France Domaine de Chambord Map
SKUEV0116 Slovakia Jakubovské rybníky Map
PLB320017 Poland Ostoja Cedyńska Map
IT4060017 Italy Po di Primaro e Bacini di Traghetto Map
IT7228228 Italy Bosco Tanassi Map
FR9312020 France Marais de Manteyer Map
IT20A0502 Italy Lanca di Gussola Map
DE3535301 Germany Colbitz-Letzlinger Heide Map
ES2430032 Spain El Planerón Map
DE8334471 Germany Loisach-Kochelsee-Moore Map
FR7212014 France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais Map
ES2110002 Spain Sobrón Map
FR7312014 France Vallée de la Garonne de Muret à Moissac Map
ES2430091 Spain Planas y Estepas de La Margen derecha del Ebro Map
PLB320019 Poland Ostoja Drawska Map
ES6310002 Spain Zona marítimo-terrestre del Monte Hacho Map
BG0002046 Bulgaria Yatata Map
IT1180028 Italy Fiume Po - tratto vercellese alessandrino Map
DE5807302 Germany Eifelmaare Map
ES4320077 Spain Monfragüe Map
IT4020023 Italy Barboj di Rivalta Map
FR2512002 France Landes et dunes de la Hague Map
FR9312012 France Plateau de Valensole Map
IT3250046 Italy Laguna di Venezia Map
GR1220001 Greece LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
ES2430090 Spain Dehesa de Rueda - Montolar Map
DE5219401 Germany Amöneburger Becken Map
IT7222217 Italy Foce Saccione - Bonifica Ramitelli Map
IT2080702 Italy Po di Monticelli Pavese e Chignolo Po Map
GR1130009 Greece LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
ES2200042 Spain Peñadil, Montecillo y Monterrey Map
DE6119401 Germany Untere Gersprenzaue Map
FR2112012 France Marigny, Superbe, vallée de l'Aube Map
IT2090501 Italy Senna Lodigiana Map
FR5212004 France Marais de l'Erdre Map
IT2080701 Italy Po da Albaredo Arnaboldi ad Arena Po Map
FR9112013 France Petite Camargue laguno-marine Map
IT8010028 Italy Foce Volturno - Variconi Map
DE4415401 Germany Vogelschutzgebiet Hellwegbörde Map
FR7212005 France Haute Soule : forêt d'Iraty, Orgambidexka et Pic des Escaliers Map
IT1160062 Italy Alte Valli Stura e Maira Map
BG0002041 Bulgaria Kompleks Ropotamo Map
IT20B0401 Italy Parco Regionale Oglio Sud Map
ES6200014 Spain Saladares del Guadalentín Map
IT9110037 Italy Laghi di Lesina e Varano Map
PLB320014 Poland Ostoja Wkrzańska Map
BG0002069 Bulgaria Ribarnitsi Zvanichevo Map
IT9110005 Italy Zone umide della Capitanata Map
SKUEV0125 Slovakia Gajarské alúvium Moravy Map
FR8312003 France Gorges de la Sioule Map
FR2512004 France Forêts et étangs du Perche Map
BG0000240 Bulgaria Studenets Map
DE8332471 Germany Murnauer Moos und Pfrühlmoos Map
DE6728471 Germany Altmühltal mit Brunst-Schwaigau und Altmühlsee Map
ES6150010 Spain Andévalo Occidental Map
ES6150012 Spain Dehesa del Estero y Montes de Moguer Map
ES3110006 Spain Vegas, cuestas y páramos del sureste de Madrid Map
DE5218401 Germany Lahntal zwischen Marburg und Gießen Map
ES2420112 Spain Las Planetas-Claverías Map
FR8212011 France Steppes de La Valbonne Map
DE6116450 Germany Hessisches Ried mit Kühkopf-Knoblochsaue Map
FR7412001 France Gorges de la Dordogne Map
FR8312013 France Val d'allier Saint Yorre-Joze Map
LV0526200 Latvia Palsu purvs Map
DE7427471 Germany Schwäbisches Donaumoos Map
IT8040020 Italy Bosco di Montefusco Irpino Map
FR2212003 France Marais arrière-littoraux picards Map
ES2430041 Spain Complejo Lagunar de La Salada de Chiprana Map
FR8312005 France Planèze de Saint Flour Map
LV0519100 Latvia Kreicu purvs Map
FI1300908 Finland Pyhä-Luosto Map
IT5210018 Italy Lago Trasimeno Map
ES6200037 Spain Sierra del Serral Map
IT1160060 Italy Altopiano di Bainale Map
ES2430082 Spain Monegros Map
IT20A0020 Italy Gabbioneta Map
SKUEV0219 Slovakia Malina Map
FR9312023 France Bec de Crigne Map
IT7222287 Italy La Gallinola - Monte Miletto - Monti del Matese Map
UK9020301 United Kingdom Antrim Hills Map
ES2420115 Spain Salada de Calanda Map
ES2410073 Spain Ríos Cinca y Alcanadre Map
BG0002062 Bulgaria Ludogorie Map
IT4030023 Italy Fontanili di Gattatico e Fiume Enza Map
BG0002067 Bulgaria Ostrov Golya Map
BG0002030 Bulgaria Kompleks Kalimok Map
IT8010029 Italy Fiume Garigliano Map
ES2200037 Spain Bardenas Reales Map
GR2440002 Greece KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS Map
IT20B0014 Italy Chiavica del Moro Map
FR8312010 France Gorges de la Truyère Map
IT2070402 Italy Alto Garda Bresciano Map
ES2430083 Spain Montes de Alfajarín - Saso de Osera Map
DE0916491 Germany Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete Map
GR1220002 Greece DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI Map
ITA030042 Italy Monti Peloritani, Dorsale Curcuraci, Antennamare e area marina dello stretto di Messina Map
BG0002005 Bulgaria Ponor Map
IT20A0016 Italy Spiaggioni di Spinadesco Map
IT2040402 Italy Riserva Regionale Bosco dei Bordighi Map
PLH140011 Poland Ostoja Nadbużańska Map
ES6130015 Spain Río Guadalquivir -Tramo Medio Map
BG0002048 Bulgaria Suha reka Map
BG0002065 Bulgaria Blato Malak Preslavets Map
IT1160059 Italy Zone umide di Fossano e Sant'Albano Stura Map
ES6200017 Spain Sierra de Villafuerte Map
FR5212011 France Plaine calcaire du sud Vendée Map
IT20A0015 Italy Bosco Ronchetti Map
IT7228226 Italy Macchia Nera - Colle Serracina Map
DE2649421 Germany Uckerniederung Map
DE5417401 Germany Lahnaue zwischen Atzbach und Gießen Map
IT4020026 Italy Boschi dei Ghirardi Map
FR2410010 France Petite Beauce Map
FI1300907 Finland Kemihaaran suot Map
PLB320016 Poland Lasy Puszczy nad Drawą Map
FR5212006 France Champagne de Méron Map
GR2310001 Greece DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALAS Map
IT1331402 Italy Beigua - Monte Dente - Gargassa - Pavaglione Map
BG0002024 Bulgaria Ribarnitsi Mechka Map
IT20A0019 Italy Barco Map
IT2060016 Italy Valpredina e Misma Map
DE2738421 Germany Agrarlandschaft Prignitz-Stepenitz Map
FR5212007 France Marais du Mès, baie et dunes de Pont-Mahé, étang du Pont de Fer, île Dumet Map
IT3220040 Italy Bosco di Dueville e risorgive limitrofe Map
FR4112000 France Plaine et étang du Bischwald Map
IT8050026 Italy Monte Licosa e dintorni Map
DE6217403 Germany Hessische Altneckarschlingen Map
FR2410002 France Beauce et vallée de la Conie Map
BG0002040 Bulgaria Strandzha Map
BG0002094 Bulgaria Adata - Tundzha Map
ES2430153 Spain La Lomaza de Belchite Map
DE4450421 Germany Lausitzer Bergbaufolgelandschaft Map
ITB030016 Italy Stagno di S'Ena Arrubia e territori limitrofi Map
ES6150014 Spain Marismas y Riberas del Tinto Map
FR8312011 France Pays des Couzes Map
BG0002058 Bulgaria Sinite kamani - Grebenets Map
PTCON0009 Portugal Estuário do Tejo Map
DE6741471 Germany Regentalaue und Chambtal mit Rötelseeweihergebiet Map
FR2212001 France Forêts picardes : Compiègne, Laigue, Ourscamps Map
IT4020022 Italy Basso Taro Map
DE2751421 Germany Randow-Welse-Bruch Map
FR2612009 France Bocage, forêts et milieux humides des Amognes et du bassin de la Machine Map
SKUEV0117 Slovakia Abrod Map
IT2080501 Italy Risaie della Lomellina Map
BG0002106 Bulgaria Yazovir Ivaylovgrad Map
IT7212169 Italy Monte S. Paolo - Monte La Falconara Map
PLB320012 Poland Puszcza Goleniowska Map
ES2420092 Spain Barranco de Valdemesón - Azaila Map
FR7212012 France Vallée de la Nive des Aldudes, Col de Lindux Map
FR2410022 France Champeigne Map
BG0000273 Bulgaria Burgasko ezero Map
DE5519401 Germany Wetterau Map
FR7212011 France Col de Lizarrieta Map
ITB040023 Italy Stagno di Cagliari, Saline di Macchiareddu, Laguna di Santa Gilla Map
FR5212009 France Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts Map
IT2090503 Italy Castelnuovo Bocca d'Adda Map
IT20A0013 Italy Lanca di Gerole Map
ITB030034 Italy Stagno di Mistras di Oristano Map
BG0002081 Bulgaria Maritsa - Parvomay Map
DE6331471 Germany Aischgrund Map
IT20A0017 Italy Scolmatore di Genivolta Map
IT20B0017 Italy Ansa e Valli del Mincio Map
ES2200031 Spain Yesos de la Ribera Estellesa Map
IT3311001 Italy Magredi di Pordenone Map
IT20B0016 Italy Ostiglia Map
FR9112017 France Étang de Mauguio Map
PLH320018 Poland Ujście Odry i Zalew Szczeciński Map
FR3112003 France Marais Audomarois Map
IT9110038 Italy Paludi presso il Golfo di Manfredonia Map
ES6200005 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
DE5121401 Germany Schwalmniederung bei Schwalmstadt Map
PLH220033 Poland Dolna Wisła Map
ES2430080 Spain El Castellar Map
ES6150009 Spain Doñana Norte y Oeste Map
FR2612005 France Basse vallée du Doubs et étangs associés Map
IT6030023 Italy Macchia Grande di Focene e Macchia dello Stagneto Map
DE6027471 Germany Maintal zwischen Schweinfurt und Dettelbach Map
DE4151421 Germany Spreewald und Lieberoser Endmoräne Map
ES6150019 Spain Bajo Guadalquivir Map
ES2430043 Spain Laguna de Gallocanta Map
DE7932471 Germany Ammerseegebiet Map
IT1120029 Italy Palude di San Genuario e San Silvestro Map
IT20A0014 Italy Lancone di Gussola Map
DE4148421 Germany Luckauer Becken Map
PLB320010 Poland Wybrzeże Trzebiatowskie Map
FR2512003 France Havre de la Sienne Map
IT20B0402 Italy Riserva Regionale Garzaia di Pomponesco Map
ES5213054 Spain Els Alforins Map
IT9310052 Italy Casoni di Sibari Map
BG0002010 Bulgaria Yazovir Pyasachnik Map
FR9312006 France Marais de l'Ile Vieille et alentour Map
ES2430106 Spain Los Romerales - Cerropozuelo Map
FI0700025 Finland Värtsilän laakso (SPA) Map
FR8312009 France Gorges de la Loire Map
GR1110007 Greece DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS Map
IT20A0503 Italy Isola Maria Luigia Map
IT2090701 Italy Po di San Rocco al Porto Map
DE3542421 Germany Mittlere Havelniederung Map
CY4000007 Cyprus XEROS POTAMOS Map
BG0002027 Bulgaria Yazovir Malko Sharkovo Map
GR1260001 Greece LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO Map
GR1250004 Greece ALYKI KITROUS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
BG0002095 Bulgaria Gorni Dabnik - Telish Map
ES4250005 Spain Montes de Toledo Map
GR1270001 Greece OROS CHOLOMONTAS Map
FI0900031 Finland Peuralamminneva Map
DE3145421 Germany Obere Havelniederung Map
ES2430107 Spain Sierras de Pardos y Santa Cruz Map
IT20A0402 Italy Riserva Regionale Lanca di Gerole Map
FR2112011 France Bassigny Map
IT20A0501 Italy Spinadesco Map
ES2430108 Spain Balsa Grande y Balsa Pequeña Map
BG0002096 Bulgaria Obnova Map
FR5212008 France Grande Brière, marais de Donges et du Brivet Map
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PTZPE0055 Portugal Évora Map
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UKGIB0001 United Kingdom Rock of Gibraltar Map
CY4000018 Cyprus EKBOLES POTAMON EZOUSAS, XEROU, KAI DIARIZOU Map
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IE0004162 Ireland Mullaghanish to Musheramore Mountains SPA Map
IE0004161 Ireland Stack's to Mullaghareirk Mountains, West Limerick Hills and Mount Eagle SPA Map
IE0004167 Ireland Slieve Beagh SPA Map
IE0004160 Ireland Slieve Bloom Mountains SPA Map
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ROSPA0066 Romania Limanu - Herghelia Map
GR2320013 Greece OROS CHELMOS (AROANIA) - FARANGI VOURAIKOU KAI PERIOCHI KALAVRYTON Map
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AT1210000 Austria Steinfeld Map
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AT1207000 Austria Kamp- und Kremstal Map
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IE0004181 Ireland Connemara Bog Complex SPA Map
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HR1000014 Croatia Gornji tok Drave (od Donje Dubrave do Terezinog polja) Map
HR1000016 Croatia Podunavlje i donje Podravlje Map
HR1000013 Croatia Dravske akumulacije Map
HR1000033 Croatia Kvarnerski otoci Map
HR1000026 Croatia Krka i okolni plato Map
HR1000035 Croatia NP Kornati i PP Telašćica Map
HR1000015 Croatia Srednji tok Drave Map
HR1000004 Croatia Donja Posavina Map
HR1000024 Croatia Ravni kotari Map
HR1000036 Croatia Srednjedalmatinski otoci i Pelješac Map
HR1000023 Croatia SZ Dalmacija i Pag Map
HR1000029 Croatia Cetina Map
HR1000031 Croatia Delta Neretve Map
HR1000025 Croatia Vransko jezero i Jasen Map
IT4020027 Italy Cronovilla Map
IT4050031 Italy Cassa di espansione del Torrente Samoggia Map
IT1120030 Italy Sponde fluviali di Palazzolo vercellese Map
IT1180032 Italy Bric Montariolo Map
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Protected sites

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Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Falconiformes) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc....ckColorLogged=FDC864

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) (Migratory species of Falconidae) http://www.cms.int/
Memorandum of understanding on the conservation of migratory birds of prey in Africa and Eurasia - under Bonn Convention (MoU Raptors) http://www.cms.int/raptors/
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) (Falconiformes spp.) http://www.cites.org/eng
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...s/legislation_en.htm

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Ampuhaukka Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Drzemlik Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Dværgfalk Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Esmerejón Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Esmerilhão Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Esmerilhão-comum Portuguese EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Faucon émerillon French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kis sólyom Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Merlin English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Merlin German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Purva piekuns Latvian Latvian NRC
Smelleken Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Smeriglio Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Stenfalk Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:03090 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

37 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Armenia 250/999 (individuals) 1994-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Austria 100/300 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belarus 300/350 (pairs) 1997-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belarus 0/49 (individuals) 1997-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 100/500 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 50/100 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Cyprus 20/50 (individuals) 1994-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Czech Republic 50/100 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 50/150 (individuals) 1999-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 10/20 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 1/10 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 2000/3000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 100/500 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 100/300 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Hungary 400/700 (individuals) 2000-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 1000/2000 (pairs) 1978-1994 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 10/100 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland 110/130 (pairs) 1988-1991 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia 10/30 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia 0/15 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Lithuania 50/249 (individuals) 1992-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Lithuania 5/10 (pairs) 1999-2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Luxembourg 1/3 (individuals) 2000-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Macedonia (FYR) 50/60 (individuals) 1999-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 10/30 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 500/1000 (individuals) 2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 2500/6500 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Poland 250/999 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal Present/Present (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 400/1500 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 20000/30000 (pairs) 1994-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 100/350 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovenia 2/10 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 4200/5700 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Switzerland 20/50 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 1500/2000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 1300/1300 (pairs) 1990-1994 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

37 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Armenia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Cyprus 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 9% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 30% to 49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Luxembourg 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Macedonia (FYR) 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovenia 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 0% to 100% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 9% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 117 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

38 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2016-11-18 Czech Republic Report according to Art. 9.3 of the Birds Directive - CZ 2015 CZ_report_2015BD
2016-02-25 Germany Birds Derogation 2014 Birds_2014_GER.xml
2015-12-11 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Alsace
2015-12-11 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Champagne Ardennes
2015-12-11 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Lorraine
2015-12-11 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files PACA
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Auvergne
2015-09-30 Poland National Report on Derogation under the Birds Directive 2014 birds_directive_2014
2015-09-17 France France rapport art 9 directive oiseaux 79/409/CEE année 2012 AQUITAINE-habides_export_oiseaux.xml
2015-04-24 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2014 MALTA-Habides_Export_Birds-2014
2015-03-26 Spain Bird derogations for Spain 2013 Birds Spain 2013
2015-02-24 Germany Birds Derogation 2013 Germany Birds_2013_GER.xml
2014-12-09 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2013 BG-NReport under Bird Directive 2013
2014-10-30 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives Habitats and Birds Derogations Report
2014-10-23 Spain Birds Derogation for Spain 2012 Birds Derogation for Spain 2012
2014-10-22 Belgium derogations Belgium BD 2013 20141009_habides_export_BE_BD_2013_final_uploaded_version.xml
2014-05-29 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2013 MALTA-Habides_Export_Birds-2013
2013-12-18 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012 BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012
2013-12-12 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2012 MALTA-Habides_Export_Birds-2012.xml
2013-10-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2012 Derogations report BD BE2012
2013-09-19 Denmark 2012 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2013-04-15 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2011 Derogations Belgium BD 2011
2013-01-04 Finland Bird2011 FI_bird_report_2011.xml
2012-10-30 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Natural England
2012-10-30 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Scottish Natural Heritage
2012-10-16 Bulgaria National Report on Derogations under Bird Directive 2011 BG_Derogations under Bird Directive 2011
2012-05-29 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2009 Derogations Belgium BD 2009
2012-01-10 Bulgaria National Report on Derogations under Bird Directive 2010 Bird Directiv Report 2010
2012-01-04 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2009 error Derogations Flanders BD & HD 2009
2011-11-11 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2010 NE contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2011-11-11 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2010 SNH contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2011-10-17 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives (2009-2010) birds derogations
2011-06-03 Finland Bird 2009 FI_bird_rap_2009.xml
2010-12-10 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2007-2008 derogations2007_VL.xml
2010-12-10 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2007-2008 derogations2008_VL.xml
2010-11-24 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogations under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2009 Scottish Executive contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK report
2010-11-24 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogations under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2009 SNH contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK report
2010-11-24 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogations under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2009 NE contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

44 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Praha 2015-06-25 2065-06-25 Není možné předem určit množství dotčených jedinců. Držení v zajetí Žádné, jedná se pouze o držení kadáverů.
Praha 2015-06-25 2065-06-25 Není možné předem určit množství dotčených jedinců. Přeprava Žádné, jedná se pouze o držení kadáverů.
Poland 2014-08-15 2014-11-30 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-08-15 2014-11-30 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Malta 2014-01-01 2014-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Stuffing In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2014-01-01 2014-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping for educational and scientific purpose In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Lubuskie 2013-02-19 2015-12-31 Number of individuals impossible to define for disturbance. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away no impact on Populations.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Stuffing In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping for educational and scientific purpose In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2013-01-01 2013-31-12 keine Vogaben Fang zur Beringung keine
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Stuffing In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping for educational and scientific purpose In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 40 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 40 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Denmark 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences Killing There is no impact on the population
Malta 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Stuffing In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping for educational and scientific purpose In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
United Kingdom 2011-05-11 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
Bulgaria 2011-04-01 2012-12-31 The permit allows 5 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
United Kingdom 2011-04-01 2012-03-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
Bulgaria 2011-04-01 2012-12-31 The permit allows 5 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
United Kingdom 2011-03-29 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-03-01 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-03-01 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-03-01 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-03-01 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-03-01 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-03-01 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-03-01 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-03-01 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-03-01 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-03-01 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-03-01 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-03-01 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-03-01 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-03-01 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-02-18 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-02-15 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-02-14 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
Bulgaria 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 20 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Bulgaria 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 20 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Bulgaria 2010-01-04 2010-12-30 Unknown number of dead birds is permited to be colected. Taking bodies of dead birds no impact
Highlands and Islands 2009-05-28 2009-06-30 Potential disturbance of unknown number of birds Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing None
Highlands and Islands 2009-05-11 2009-05-30 Potential disturbance of unknown number of birds Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing None
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100