Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Procellariiformes > Family: Procellariidae > Genus: Fulmarus > Species: Fulmarus glacialis

Fulmar - Fulmarus glacialis (Linnaeus, 1761)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Endangered (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 1 other international agreement
Breeding habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
Wintering habitats
  • open ocean
Natura 2000 species code A009

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES2130005 Spain Gaztelugatxeko Doniene / San Juan de Gaztelugatx Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
FR2310045 France Littoral seino-marin Map
FR2510047 France Baie de Seine occidentale Map
FR2510099 France Falaise du Bessin Occidental Map
FR3110085 France Cap Gris-Nez Map
FR5310011 France Côte de Granit Rose-Sept Iles Map
FR5310055 France Cap Sizun Map
FR5310070 France Tregor Goëlo Map
FR5310072 France Ouessant-Molène Map
FR5310095 France Cap d'Erquy-Cap Fréhel Map
IE0000101 Ireland Roaringwater Bay and Islands SAC Map
IE0000102 Ireland Sheep's Head SAC Map
IE0000109 Ireland Three Castle Head to Mizen Head SAC Map
IE0000111 Ireland Aran Island (Donegal) Cliffs SAC Map
IE0000147 Ireland Horn Head and Rinclevan SAC Map
IE0000154 Ireland Inishtrahull SAC Map
IE0000185 Ireland Sessiagh Lough SAC Map
IE0000189 Ireland Slieve League SAC Map
IE0000190 Ireland Slieve Tooey/Tormore Island/Loughros Beg Bay SAC Map
IE0000194 Ireland Tranarossan and Melmore Lough SAC Map
IE0000197 Ireland West of Ardara/Maas Road SAC Map
IE0000202 Ireland Howth Head SAC Map
IE0000204 Ireland Lambay Island SAC Map
IE0000213 Ireland Inishmore Island SAC Map
IE0000278 Ireland Inishbofin and Inishshark SAC Map
IE0000375 Ireland Mount Brandon SAC Map
IE0000495 Ireland Duvillaun Islands SAC Map
IE0000500 Ireland Glenamoy Bog Complex SAC Map
IE0000625 Ireland Bunduff Lough and Machair/Trawalua/Mullaghmore SAC Map
IE0000627 Ireland Cummeen Strand/Drumcliff Bay (Sligo Bay) SAC Map
IE0000665 Ireland Helvick Head SAC Map
IE0000707 Ireland Saltee Islands SAC Map
IE0000714 Ireland Bray Head SAC Map
IE0001040 Ireland Barley Cove to Ballyrisode Point SAC Map
IE0001501 Ireland Erris Head SAC Map
IE0001513 Ireland Keel Machair/Menaun Cliffs SAC Map
IE0001975 Ireland Ballyhoorisky Point to Fanad Head SAC Map
IE0002012 Ireland North Inishowen Coast SAC Map
IE0002123 Ireland Ardmore Head SAC Map
IE0002165 Ireland Lower River Shannon SAC Map
IE0002172 Ireland Blasket Islands SAC Map
IE0002193 Ireland Ireland's Eye SAC Map
IE0002243 Ireland Clare Island Cliffs SAC Map
IE0002259 Ireland Tory Island Coast SAC Map
IE0004002 Ireland Saltee Islands SPA Map
IE0004003 Ireland Puffin Island SPA Map
IE0004004 Ireland Inishkea Islands SPA Map
IE0004005 Ireland Cliffs of Moher SPA Map
IE0004007 Ireland Skelligs SPA Map
IE0004008 Ireland Blasket Islands SPA Map
IE0004021 Ireland Old Head of Kinsale SPA Map
IE0004066 Ireland The Bull and The Cow Rocks SPA Map
IE0004068 Ireland Inishmurray SPA Map
IE0004069 Ireland Lambay Island SPA Map
IE0004072 Ireland Stags of Broad Haven SPA Map
IE0004073 Ireland Tory Island SPA Map
IE0004100 Ireland Inishtrahull SPA Map
IE0004111 Ireland Duvillaun Islands SPA Map
IE0004113 Ireland Howth Head Coast SPA Map
IE0004114 Ireland Illaunonearaun SPA Map
IE0004117 Ireland Ireland's Eye SPA Map
IE0004119 Ireland Loop Head SPA Map
IE0004122 Ireland Skerries Islands SPA Map
IE0004125 Ireland Magharee Islands SPA Map
IE0004127 Ireland Wicklow Head SPA Map
UK9001031 United Kingdom St Kilda Map
UK9001121 United Kingdom Mingulay and Berneray Map
UK9001181 United Kingdom North Caithness Cliffs Map
UK9001182 United Kingdom East Caithness Cliffs Map
UK9002031 United Kingdom Fetlar Map
UK9002081 United Kingdom Noss Map
UK9002091 United Kingdom Fair Isle Map
DE1813491 Germany Seevogelschutzgebiet Helgoland Map
DE1011401 Germany SPA Östliche Deutsche Bucht Map
DE0916491 Germany Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete Map
FR5312004 France Camaret Map
DE1003301 Germany Doggerbank Map
FR5212015 France Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent Map
FR5212013 France Mor Braz Map
IE0004194 Ireland Horn Head to Fanad Head SPA Map
IE0004133 Ireland Aughris Head SPA Map
IE0004177 Ireland Bills Rocks SPA Map
IE0004156 Ireland Sheep's Head to Toe Head SPA Map
IE0004155 Ireland Beara Peninsula SPA Map
IE0004175 Ireland Deenish Island and Scariff Island SPA Map
IE0004153 Ireland Dingle Peninsula SPA Map
IE0004190 Ireland Galley Head to Duneen Point SPA Map
IE0004144 Ireland High Island, Inishshark and Davillaun SPA Map
IE0004192 Ireland Helvick Head to Ballyquin SPA Map
IE0004152 Ireland Inishmore SPA Map
IE0004154 Ireland Iveragh Peninsula SPA Map
IE0004189 Ireland Kerry Head SPA Map
IE0004150 Ireland West Donegal Coast SPA Map
FR3112006 France Bancs des Flandres Map
ES0000498 Spain ZEPA Banco de Galicia Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Eissturmvogel German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Fulmar English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Fulmar Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Fulmar boréal French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Fulmar Boreal Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Fulmar-glacial Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Fulmaro Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Myrskylintu Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Noordse Stormvogel Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sirályhojsza Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Stormfågel Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:00220 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

13 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Denmark 200/200 (individuals) 1992-1993 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 0/2 (pairs) 1998-2001 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 120000/200000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 10000/100000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 100/500 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 1300/1350 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 102/102 (pairs) 1995-1999 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 1000000/2000000 (pairs) 1978-1994 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 1000/5000 (individuals) 1978-1994 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland 32633/32633 (pairs) 1999-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 7000/8000 (pairs) 1990-2001 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 1000/2500 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 506000/506000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

13 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Denmark 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing but of unknown magnitude Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 88 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 3 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

6 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Poland 2014-06-01 2015-05-31 It is not possible to determine the number of individuals Capture (ringing) None
Northern Ireland (UK) 2010-05-06 2010-08-31 limited by site location Capture (ringing) nil; ringing/marking only
Northern Ireland (UK) 2010-05-06 2010-08-31 limited by site location Marketing nil; ringing/marking only
United Kingdom 2010-04-29 2010-09-30 140 Manx Shearwater (puffinus puffinus) licenced actually taken 123 20 Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) licenced actually taken 20 20 Kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) licenced actually taken 8 20 Razorbills(Alca torda) licenced actually taken 7 20 Guillimots (Uria aalge) licenced actually taken 18 20 Fulmars(Fulmarus glacialis) licenced actually taken 0 Capture (ringing) Negligible Manx Shearwater (Puffinus puffinus) 299,712 Guillemots (Uria Aalge) 1,420,900 Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) 580,799 Kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) 379,892 Razorbill (Alca tprda) 188,576 Fulmar ( Fulmarus glacialis) 504,756
United Kingdom 2010-04-29 2010-09-30 140 Manx Shearwater (puffinus puffinus) licenced actually taken 123 20 Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) licenced actually taken 20 20 Kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) licenced actually taken 8 20 Razorbills(Alca torda) licenced actually taken 7 20 Guillimots (Uria aalge) licenced actually taken 18 20 Fulmars(Fulmarus glacialis) licenced actually taken 0 Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing Negligible Manx Shearwater (Puffinus puffinus) 299,712 Guillemots (Uria Aalge) 1,420,900 Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) 580,799 Kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) 379,892 Razorbill (Alca tprda) 188,576 Fulmar ( Fulmarus glacialis) 504,756
United Kingdom 2010-04-29 2010-09-30 140 Manx Shearwater (puffinus puffinus) licenced actually taken 123 20 Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) licenced actually taken 20 20 Kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) licenced actually taken 8 20 Razorbills(Alca torda) licenced actually taken 7 20 Guillimots (Uria aalge) licenced actually taken 18 20 Fulmars(Fulmarus glacialis) licenced actually taken 0 photograph Negligible Manx Shearwater (Puffinus puffinus) 299,712 Guillemots (Uria Aalge) 1,420,900 Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) 580,799 Kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) 379,892 Razorbill (Alca tprda) 188,576 Fulmar ( Fulmarus glacialis) 504,756
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