Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Bufo > Species: Bufo bufo > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Bufo bufo gredosicola Müller & Hellmich, 1935 Gasc J.P. and al. (1997)
Bufo bufo spinosus Mertens, 1925 Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (2001)

Common toad - Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by 1 international agreement
Most preferred habitats
  • grassland
  • wetlands
  • woodland and forest
May also occur in
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • heathland and shrub
  • rivers and lakes
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • urban
Natura 2000 species code 2361

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Amphibians not included in Annex II) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Common toad English Gasc J.P. and al.
Crapaud commun French Gasc J.P. and al.
Erdkröte German Gasc J.P. and al.
Rospo comune Italian Gasc J.P. and al.
Synonym Author
Bufo vulgaris Laurenti, 1768
Rana bufo Linnaeus, 1758
Bufo cinereus Schneider, 1799
Bufo colchicus Eichwald, 1831

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

37 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Auvergne
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Franche Comté
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Ile de France
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Alsace
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Aquitaine
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Auvergne
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Bretagne
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Centre Val de Loire
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Champagne Ardennes
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Franche Comté
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Languedoc Roussillon
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Lorraine
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Limousin
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Midi Pyrénées
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Nord Pas de Calais
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files PACA
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Pays de Loire
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Picardie
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Poitou Charentes
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Ile de France
2015-11-03 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2011 Dérogations région Aquitaine
2015-11-03 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2011 Dérogations région Ile de France
2015-10-09 Czech Republic Report according to Art. 16.2 of the Habitats Directive - CZ 2013-2014 Report according to Art. 16.2 of the Habitats Directive - CZ 2013-2014
2015-10-01 Finland Hab2013-2014 FI_hab-report__2013.xml
2015-09-18 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2013 DREAL_Limousin_habides_export_DHFF_2013.xml
2015-09-18 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2013 DREAL_FC_habides_habitats_2013.xml
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 AQUITAINE-habides_export_habitats.xml
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 CHAMPAGNE-ARDENNES_habides_export_habitats.xml
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 FRANCHE-COMTE_habides_habitat_2012.xml
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 HAUTE-NORMANDIE_habides_export_DREAL-HN_Habitat_2012.xml
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 MIDI-PYRENEES_habides_export-dirHab.xml
2014-10-29 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives Habitats and Birds Derogations Report
2013-12-09 Portugal PT_Habitats_2011_2012 PT_Habitats_2011_2012
2012-12-02 Finland Hab2009-2010 Fi_hab_rap_2009_2010.xml
2011-10-17 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives (2009-2010) habitat derogations
2011-09-30 Hungary Derogations 2011 september Derogations 2011
2010-01-12 Hungary December 2009 Habides Report HDandBDderogationreports

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

24 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Jihozápad 2014-11-14 2020-12-31 nelze určit vzhledem k mobilitě a biologii druhů rušení jedinců nevýznamné u mihulí, ryb, plazů i bezobratlých, uložena opatření k posílení zbylých biotopů
Jihozápad 2014-10-07 2016-12-31 charakter záměru neumožňuje určit počty skutečně ovlivněných jedinců odebírání vzorků, značení nevýznamné
Severovýchod 2014-09-01 2015-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout, předpokládá se desítky Úmyslné vyrušování v období migrace nevýznamné
Severovýchod 2014-07-22 2014-11-15 nelze stanovit přesný počet jedinců, kteří budou záměrem dotčeni Usmrcování nevýznamné
Severovýchod 2014-07-22 2014-11-15 nelze stanovit přesný počet jedinců, kteří budou záměrem dotčeni Poškozování míst odpočinku nevýznamné
Severovýchod 2014-07-22 2014-11-15 nelze stanovit přesný počet jedinců, kteří budou záměrem dotčeni Úmyslné vyrušování v období přezimování nevýznamné
Severovýchod 2014-05-02 2019-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout jakého množství obojživelníků se vyrušování bude týkat, předpoklad desítky Úmyslné vyrušování v období výchovy mláďat nevýznamné
Severovýchod 2014-05-02 2019-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout jakého množství obojživelníků se vyrušování bude týkat, předpoklad desítky Úmyslné vyrušování v době rozmnožování nevýznamné
Dolnoslaskie 2012-03-01 2012-06-31 Number of specimen fluctuate from 1600 to 45000 Displacement of regular resting and breeding place No impact on population
Dolnoslaskie 2011-10-03 2014-12-31 Number of specimen fluctuate from 1600 to 45000 Destruction of resting places No impact on population
Dolnoslaskie 2011-06-09 2012-10-31 Number of specimen fluctuate from 1600 to 45000 Capture No impact on population
Dolnoslaskie 2011-06-09 2012-10-31 Number of specimen fluctuate from 1600 to 45000 Transport No impact on population
Dolnoslaskie 2011-06-09 2012-10-31 Number of specimen fluctuate from 1600 to 45000 Displacement of regular resting and breeding place No impact on population
Dolnoslaskie 2011-05-18 2011-11-31 Number of specimen fluctuate from 1600 to 45000 Capture No impact on population
Dolnoslaskie 2011-05-18 2011-11-31 Number of specimen fluctuate from 1600 to 45000 Transport No impact on population
Dolnoslaskie 2011-05-18 2011-11-31 Number of specimen fluctuate from 1600 to 45000 Displacement of regular resting and breeding place No impact on population
Dolnoslaskie 2011-04-08 2011-05-31 Number of specimen fluctuate from 1600 to 45000 Capture No impact on population
Dolnoslaskie 2011-04-08 2011-05-31 Number of specimen fluctuate from 1600 to 45000 Transport No impact on population
Dolnoslaskie 2011-04-08 2011-05-31 Number of specimen fluctuate from 1600 to 45000 Displacement of regular resting and breeding place No impact on population
Lódzkie 2010-10-25 2012-12-31 unknown the number of local population Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding none
Lódzkie 2010-10-25 2012-12-31 unknown the number of local population Deliberate disturbance during the period of hibernation none
Poland 2010-03-29 2012-12-31 uncnown the number of regional population Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding none
Finland 2010-01-01 2010-12-31 Pyydettävien yksilöiden määrää ei ole rajattu. Capture/hunting with snares Ei vaikutusta
Etelä-Suomi 2010-01-01 2010-12-31 Pyydettävien yksilöiden määrää ei ole rajattu. Capture/hunting with snares Ei vaikutusta
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