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Sound and independent information
on the environment

Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Gaviiformes > Family: Gaviidae > Genus: Gavia > Species: Gavia immer

Great Northern Diver - Gavia immer (Brünnich, 1764)

Images from the web

Quick facts

  • Threat status Europe: Not evaluated (IUCN)
  • Protected by EU Birds Directive and 4 other international agreements
  • 114 Natura 2000 sites are designated for the species.
  • Natura 2000 code: A003

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

World

Least Concern

Europe

Not evaluated

EU

Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013 assessments.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BE2501033 Belgium Het Zwin Map
DE8133401 Germany Starnberger See Map
DE8321401 Germany Konstanzer Bucht des Bodensees Map
ES0000019 Spain Aiguamolls de l'Alt Empordà Map
ES0000020 Spain Delta de l'Ebre Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000085 Spain Ribadeo Map
ES0000086 Spain Ría de Ortigueira e Ladrido Map
ES0000087 Spain Complexo intermareal Umia - O Grove, A Lanzada, punta Carreirón e lagoa Bodeira Map
ES0000140 Spain Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES0000176 Spain Costa da Morte (Norte) Map
ES0000258 Spain Costa de Ferrolterra - Valdoviño Map
ES0000313 Spain Complexo litoral de Corrubedo Map
ES0000317 Spain Penarronda-Barayo Map
ES0000318 Spain Cabo Busto-Luanco Map
ES0000319 Spain Ría de Ribadesella-Ría de Tinamayor Map
ES0000320 Spain Embalses del centro (San Andrés, la Granda, Trasona y la Furta) Map
ES1110001 Spain Ortigueira - Mera Map
ES1110002 Spain Costa Ártabra Map
ES1110005 Spain Costa da Morte Map
ES1110006 Spain Complexo húmido de Corrubedo Map
ES1110008 Spain Carnota - Monte Pindo Map
ES1120002 Spain Río Eo Map
ES1140004 Spain Complexo Ons - O Grove Map
ES1200022 Spain Playa de Vega Map
ES2120014 Spain Ulia Map
ES2120017 Spain Jaizkibel Map
ES2120018 Spain Txingudi-Bidasoa Map
ES2130005 Spain Gaztelugatxeko Doniene / San Juan de Gaztelugatx Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
ES5120015 Spain Litoral del Baix Empordà Map
FR2110001 France Lacs de la forêt d'Orient Map
FR2110002 France Lac du Der Map
FR2310044 France Estuaire et marais de la Basse Seine Map
FR2310045 France Littoral seino-marin Map
FR2510047 France Baie de Seine occidentale Map
FR3110085 France Cap Gris-Nez Map
FR4110007 France Lac de Madine et étangs de Pannes Map
FR4112002 France Etangs du Lindre, forêt de Romersberg et zones voisines Map
FR4211810 France Vallée du Rhin de Strasbourg à Marckolsheim Map
FR4211811 France Vallée du Rhin de Lauterbourg à Strasbourg Map
FR5210008 France Lac de Grand Lieu Map
FR5210090 France Marais salants de Guérande, traicts du Croisic, dunes de Pen Bron Map
FR5310050 France Baie de Saint-Brieuc - Est Map
FR5310056 France Baie d'Audierne Map
FR5310057 France Archipel de Glénan Map
FR5310070 France Tregor Goëlo Map
FR5310071 France Rade de Brest : Baie de Daoulas, Anse de Poulmic Map
FR5310072 France Ouessant-Molène Map
FR5310074 France Baie de Vilaine Map
FR5410012 France Anse du Fier d'Ars en Ré Map
FR5410100 France Marais poitevin Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
FR9312003 France La Durance Map
FR9312005 France Salines de l'Étang de Berre Map
IE0000204 Ireland Lambay Island Map
IE0000268 Ireland Galway Bay Complex Map
IE0000470 Ireland Mullet/Blacksod Bay Complex Map
IE0001141 Ireland Gweedore Bay and Islands Map
IE0001482 Ireland Clew Bay Complex Map
IE0002070 Ireland Tralee Bay and Magharees Peninsula, West to Cloghane Map
IE0002165 Ireland Lower River Shannon Map
IE0002287 Ireland Lough Swilly Map
IE0004019 Ireland The Raven SPA Map
IE0004026 Ireland Dundalk Bay SPA Map
IE0004029 Ireland Castlemaine Harbour SPA Map
IE0004031 Ireland Inner Galway Bay SPA Map
IE0004037 Ireland Blacksod Bay/Broad Haven SPA Map
IE0004075 Ireland Lough Swilly SPA Map
IT2020005 Italy Lago di Alserio Map
IT2040022 Italy Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna Map
IT2080301 Italy Boschi del Ticino Map
IT3230047 Italy Lago di Santa Croce Map
IT3320037 Italy Laguna di Marano e Grado Map
IT3330005 Italy Foce dell'Isonzo - Isola della Cona Map
IT6040015 Italy Parco Nazionale del Circeo Map
SE0330231 Sweden Smedjevik Map
IT2040042 Italy Pian di Spagna e Lago di Mezzola Map
FR7412002 France Étang des Landes Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
FR2512002 France Landes et dunes de la Hague Map
FR7212002 France Rochers de Biarritz : le Bouccalot et la Roche ronde Map
FR2312003 France Terrasses alluviales de la Seine Map
FR9112013 France Petite Camargue laguno-marine Map
ES6320001 Spain Zona marítimo terrestre de los acantilados de Aguadú Map
DE6116450 Germany Hessisches Ried mit Kühkopf-Knoblochsaue Map
DE8140471 Germany Chiemseegebiet mit Alz Map
DE5914450 Germany Inselrhein Map
FR5212007 France Marais du Mès, baie et dunes de Pont-Mahé, étang du Pont de Fer, île Dumet Map
FR7212013 France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et baie de Fontarabie Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
DE5519401 Germany Wetterau Map
FR5212009 France Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts Map
IT20A0013 Italy Lanca di Gerole Map
IT20A0402 Italy Riserva Regionale Lanca di Gerole Map
BG0000154 Bulgaria Ezero Durankulak Map
FR5312010 France Dunes et côtes de Trévignon Map
FR5212014 France Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf Map
FR5312009 France Roches de Penmarc'h Map
FR5212015 France Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent Map
FR5312011 France Iles Houat-Hoëdic Map
FR5212013 France Mor Braz Map
FR5412026 France Pertuis charentais - Rochebonne Map
ES1200016 Spain Ría del Eo Map
ES1200006 Spain Ría de Villaviciosa Map
IE0004151 Ireland Donegal Bay SPA Map
IE0004182 Ireland Mid-Clare Coast SPA Map
IE0004219 Ireland Courtmacsherry Bay SPA Map
FR7212018 France Bassin d'Arcachon et banc d'Arguin Map
AT2226000 Austria Furtner Teich - Dürnberger-Moor Map
ES1200055 Spain Cabo Busto-Luanco Map
IT3340007 Italy Area marina di Miramare Map

Protected sites

Legal status

Legal text Annex Geographical and other restrictions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) Annex I: Species that shall be the subject of special conservation measures concerning their habitat in order to ensure their survival and reproduction in their area of distribution. Member States shall classify territories as special protection areas for the conservation of these species. http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) Annex II: strictly protected fauna species http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
Revised Annex I of Resolution 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention on species requiring specific habitat conservation measures https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc....ckColorLogged=FDC864
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) Annex II: migratory species which have an unfavourable conservation status and which require international agreements for their conservation and management, as well as those which have a conservation status which would significantly benefit from the international co-operation that could be achieved by an international agreement. http://www.cms.int/
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) Annex II: Waterbird species to which the Agreement applies http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family
http://www.unep-aewa.org/en/legalinstrument/aewa

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Amerikanjääkuikka Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Colimbo Grande Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Eistaucher German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Great Northern Diver English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Ijsduiker Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Islom Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Islom Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Islom Swedish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Jeges búvár Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mobêlha-grande Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Nur lodowiec Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Plongeon huard French EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Plongeon imbrin French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Potáplice lední Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Strolaga maggiore Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Svartnäbbad islom Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:00040 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

16 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Belgium 2/5 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 500/2000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 0/100 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 250/500 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 0/49 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 200/300 (pairs) 1978-1994 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 200/1000 (individuals) 1978-1994 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland 1397/1444 (individuals) 1994-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 0/1 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 6/6 (individuals) 1999-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 1000/1100 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal Present/Present (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 0/1 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 0/2 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Switzerland 0/3 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 2500/3000 (individuals) 1974-1984 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

16 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Belgium 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International
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