Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Charadriiformes > Family: Laridae > Genus: Larus > Species: Larus canus

Common Gull - Larus canus Linnaeus, 1758

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 2 other international agreements
Breeding habitats
  • rivers and lakes
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • wetlands
Wintering habitats
  • coastal
Natura 2000 species code A182

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DE2121401 Germany Unterelbe Map
DE2210401 Germany Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer und angrenzendes Küstenmeer Map
DE2213401 Germany Wangerland Map
DE2424401 Germany Mühlenberger Loch Map
DE2508401 Germany Krummhörn Map
DE2609401 Germany Emsmarsch von Leer bis Emden Map
DE2617401 Germany Unterweser Map
DE2709401 Germany Rheiderland Map
DE2719401 Germany Hammeniederung Map
DE2816401 Germany Hunteniederung Map
DE2820402 Germany Wümmewiesen bei Fischerhude Map
DE2909401 Germany Emstal von Lathen bis Papenburg Map
DE2911401 Germany Esterweger Dose Map
DE2948401 Germany Schorfheide-Chorin Map
DE2951401 Germany Unteres Odertal Map
DE3036401 Germany Unteres Elbtal Map
DE3224401 Germany Ostenholzer Moor und Meißendorfer Teiche Map
DE3339402 Germany Niederung der Unteren Havel Map
DE3341401 Germany U. Rhinluch/Dreetzer See, Havell. Luch und Belziger Landschaftsw. Map
DE3415401 Germany Dümmer Map
DE3418401 Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung Map
DE3420401 Germany Wesertalaue bei Landesbergen Map
DE3450401 Germany Märkische Schweiz Map
DE3513401 Germany Alfsee Map
DE3521401 Germany Steinhuder Meer Map
DE3548301 Germany Müggelspree-Müggelsee Map
DE3642401 Germany Rietzer See Map
DE4203401 Germany Vogelschutzgebiet 'Unterer Niederrhein' Map
DE4831401 Germany Gera-Unstrut-Niederung um Straußfurt Map
DE5336401 Germany Plothener Teiche Map
DE5509401 Germany Laacher See Map
DE5511301 Germany NSG Urmitzer Werth Map
DE5511401 Germany Engerser Feld Map
DE6013401 Germany Rheinaue Bingen-Ingelheim Map
DE6316401 Germany Lampertheimer Altrhein Map
DE6317301 Germany Weschnitzinsel von Lorsch Map
DE6416401 Germany Bobenheimer und Roxheimer Altrhein mit Silbersee Map
DE6516401 Germany Neuhofener Altrhein mit Prinz-Karl-Wörth Map
DE6816401 Germany Rheinniederung Karlsruhe - Rheinsheim Map
DE6915402 Germany Wörther Altrhein und Wörther Rheinhafen Map
EE0010170 Estonia Paljassaare Map
EE0010173 Estonia Lahemaa Map
EE0040001 Estonia Väinamere Map
EE0040130 Estonia Kõrgessaare-Mudaste Map
EE0040346 Estonia Pärnu lahe Map
EE0040412 Estonia Kahtla-Kübassaare Map
EE0040469 Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare Map
EE0070172 Estonia Muraka Map
EE0080172 Estonia Endla Map
EE0080203 Estonia Meelva Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000069 Spain Embalse de Cornalvo y Sierra Bermeja Map
ES0000070 Spain Sierra de San Pedro Map
ES0000071 Spain Llanos de Cáceres y Sierra de Fuentes Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES0000325 Spain Campiña sur - Embalse de Arroyo Conejos Map
ES0000327 Spain Embalse de los Canchales Map
ES0000332 Spain Llanos de Trujillo Map
ES0000333 Spain Llanos de Zorita y Embalse de Sierra Brava Map
ES0000334 Spain Sierras Centrales y Embalse de Alange Map
ES0000367 Spain La Serena y Sierras Periféricas Map
ES0000369 Spain Llanos de Alcantara y Brozas Map
ES0000398 Spain Llanos y Complejo Lagunar de la Albuera Map
ES0000399 Spain Embalse del Zujar Map
ES0000418 Spain Embalse de Talaván Map
ES0000425 Spain Magasca Map
ES2130005 Spain Gaztelugatxeko Doniene / San Juan de Gaztelugatx Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
ES4310004 Spain Dehesas de Jerez Map
ES4310009 Spain Puerto Peña - los Golondrinos Map
FR2110001 France Lacs de la forêt d'Orient Map
FR2110002 France Lac du Der Map
FR2110091 France Étang de la Horre Map
FR2112001 France Herbages et cultures des vallées de la Voire, de l'Héronne et de la Laines Map
FR2112002 France Herbages et cultures autour du lac du Der Map
FR2112003 France Étangs de Belval et d'Etoges Map
FR2112004 France Confluence des vallées de la Meuse et de la Chiers Map
FR2112009 France Étangs d'Argonne Map
FR2210026 France Marais d'Isle Map
FR2210104 France Moyenne vallée de l'Oise Map
FR2410017 France Vallée de la Loire du Loiret Map
FR2510037 France Chausey Map
FR2510046 France Basses Vallées du Cotentin et Baie des Veys Map
FR2512001 France Littoral augeron Map
FR2612002 France Vallée de la Loire de Iguerande à Decize Map
FR4110007 France Lac de Madine et étangs de Pannes Map
FR4211810 France Vallée du Rhin de Strasbourg à Marckolsheim Map
FR4211811 France Vallée du Rhin de Lauterbourg à Strasbourg Map
FR4211812 France Vallée du Rhin d'Artzenheim à Village-Neuf Map
FR4212813 France Ried de Colmar à Sélestat, Bas-Rhin Map
FR4213813 France Ried de Colmar à Sélestat, Haut-Rhin Map
FR4310027 France Lac de Remoray Map
FR5310011 France Côte de Granit Rose-Sept Iles Map
FR5310050 France Baie de Saint-Brieuc - Est Map
FR5310074 France Baie de Vilaine Map
FR5310086 France Golfe du Morbihan Map
FR5310092 France Rivière de Pénerf Map
FR5410012 France Anse du Fier d'Ars en Ré Map
FR5410013 France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves, marais de Rochefort Map
FR5410100 France Marais poitevin Map
FR5412012 France Bonne Anse, marais de Bréjat et de Saint Augustin Map
FR8210018 France Delta de la Dranse Map
FR8212002 France Écozone du Forez Map
FR8310079 France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
FR9312003 France La Durance Map
FR9312005 France Salines de l'Étang de Berre Map
GR1110006 Greece DELTA EVROU Map
GR1110008 Greece PARAPOTAMIO DASOS VOREIOU EVROU KAI ARDA Map
GR1130010 Greece LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA Map
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GR1220009 Greece LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
GR1220010 Greece DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS Map
GR1220011 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA EPANOMIS Map
GR1260008 Greece TECHNITI LIMNI KERKINIS - OROS KROUSIA Map
GR1340001 Greece ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON Map
GR2540006 Greece YGROTOPOI EKVOLON EVROTA Map
GR2550008 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA GIALOVAS KAI NISOS SFAKTIRIA Map
GR4110006 Greece LIMNOS: LIMNES CHORTAROLIMNI KAI ALYKI, KOLPOS MOUDROU, ELOS DIAPORI KAI CHERSONISOS FAKOS Map
IE0000154 Ireland Inishtrahull SAC Map
IE0000476 Ireland Carrowmore Lake Complex SAC Map
IE0000484 Ireland Cross Lough (Killadoon) SAC Map
IE0000495 Ireland Duvillaun Islands SAC Map
IE0000781 Ireland Slaney River Valley SAC Map
IE0001774 Ireland Lough Carra/Mask Complex SAC Map
IE0002012 Ireland North Inishowen Coast SAC Map
IE0002165 Ireland Lower River Shannon SAC Map
IE0002172 Ireland Blasket Islands SAC Map
IE0002250 Ireland Carrowmore Dunes SAC Map
IE0004004 Ireland Inishkea Islands SPA Map
IE0004006 Ireland North Bull Island SPA Map
IE0004008 Ireland Blasket Islands SPA Map
IE0004019 Ireland The Raven SPA Map
IE0004022 Ireland Ballycotton Bay SPA Map
IE0004023 Ireland Ballymacoda Bay SPA Map
IE0004024 Ireland Sandymount Strand/Tolka Estuary SPA Map
IE0004025 Ireland Broadmeadow/Swords Estuary SPA Map
IE0004026 Ireland Dundalk Bay SPA Map
IE0004028 Ireland Blackwater Estuary SPA Map
IE0004029 Ireland Castlemaine Harbour SPA Map
IE0004030 Ireland Cork Harbour SPA Map
IE0004031 Ireland Inner Galway Bay SPA Map
IE0004034 Ireland Trawbreaga Bay SPA Map
IE0004035 Ireland Cummeen Strand SPA Map
IE0004036 Ireland Killala Bay/Moy Estuary SPA Map
IE0004037 Ireland Blacksod Bay/Broad Haven SPA Map
IE0004042 Ireland Lough Corrib SPA Map
IE0004050 Ireland Lough Arrow SPA Map
IE0004051 Ireland Lough Carra SPA Map
IE0004052 Ireland Carrowmore Lake SPA Map
IE0004062 Ireland Lough Mask SPA Map
IE0004063 Ireland Poulaphouca Reservoir SPA Map
IE0004068 Ireland Inishmurray SPA Map
IE0004073 Ireland Tory Island SPA Map
IE0004075 Ireland Lough Swilly SPA Map
IE0004076 Ireland Wexford Harbour and Slobs SPA Map
IE0004077 Ireland River Shannon and River Fergus Estuaries SPA Map
IE0004080 Ireland Boyne Estuary SPA Map
IE0004082 Ireland Greers Isle SPA Map
IE0004083 Ireland Inishbofin, Inishdooey and Inishbeg SPA Map
IE0004084 Ireland Inishglora and Inishkeeragh SPA Map
IE0004087 Ireland Lough Foyle SPA Map
IE0004100 Ireland Inishtrahull SPA Map
IE0004125 Ireland Magharee Islands SPA Map
IE0004129 Ireland Ballysadare Bay SPA Map
IT1180004 Italy Greto dello Scrivia Map
IT1205070 Italy Zona Umida di Les Iles di Saint - Marcel Map
IT2020003 Italy Palude di Albate Map
IT2020005 Italy Lago di Alserio Map
IT2020006 Italy Lago di Pusiano Map
IT2040022 Italy Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna Map
IT2050006 Italy Bosco di Vanzago Map
IT2060015 Italy Bosco de l'Isola Map
IT2070020 Italy Torbiere d'Iseo Map
IT2080014 Italy Boschi Siro Negri e Moriano Map
IT2080019 Italy Boschi di Vaccarizza Map
IT2080301 Italy Boschi del Ticino Map
IT2090001 Italy Monticchie Map
IT2090007 Italy Lanca di Soltarico Map
IT20A0002 Italy Naviglio di Melotta Map
IT20A0003 Italy Palata Menasciutto Map
IT20A0005 Italy Lanca di Gabbioneta Map
IT20A0006 Italy Lanche di Azzanello Map
IT20A0007 Italy Bosco della Marisca Map
IT20A0008 Italy Isola Uccellanda Map
IT20A0009 Italy Bosco di Barco Map
IT20B0001 Italy Bosco Foce Oglio Map
IT20B0008 Italy Paludi di Ostiglia Map
IT20B0009 Italy Valli del Mincio Map
IT20B0010 Italy Vallazza Map
IT20B0012 Italy Complesso morenico di Castellaro Lagusello Map
IT3120042 Italy Canneti di San Cristoforo Map
IT3120156 Italy Adige Map
IT3210003 Italy Laghetto del Frassino Map
IT3210018 Italy Basso Garda Map
IT3250030 Italy Laguna medio-inferiore di Venezia Map
IT3250031 Italy Laguna superiore di Venezia Map
IT3250041 Italy Valle Vecchia - Zumelle - Valli di Bibione Map
IT3330006 Italy Valle Cavanata e Banco Mula di Muggia Map
IT4040014 Italy Valli Mirandolesi Map
IT4050022 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Medicina e Molinella Map
IT4050023 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Budrio e Minerbio Map
IT4050024 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Bentivoglio, S. Pietro in Casale, Malalbergo e Baricella Map
IT4060001 Italy Valli di Argenta Map
IT4060002 Italy Valli di Comacchio Map
IT4060003 Italy Vene di Bellocchio, Sacca di Bellocchio, Foce del Fiume Reno, Pineta di Bellocchio Map
IT4060004 Italy Valle Bertuzzi, Valle Porticino - Canneviè Map
IT4060005 Italy Sacca di Goro, Po di Goro, Valle Dindona, Foce del Po di Volano Map
IT4060008 Italy Valle del Mezzano Map
IT4070009 Italy Ortazzo, Ortazzino, Foce del Torrente Bevano Map
IT5340001 Italy Litorale di Porto d'Ascoli Map
IT8010018 Italy Variconi Map
IT8030010 Italy Fondali marini di Ischia, Procida e Vivara Map
IT8030011 Italy Fondali marini di Punta Campanella e Capri Map
IT8030012 Italy Isola di Vivara Map
IT8030024 Italy Punta Campanella Map
IT8030038 Italy Corpo centrale e rupi costiere occidentali dell'Isola di Capri Map
IT8030039 Italy Settore e rupi costiere orientali dell'Isola di Capri Map
IT8050009 Italy Costiera amalfitana tra Maiori e il Torrente Bonea Map
IT8050036 Italy Parco marino di S. Maria di Castellabate Map
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IT8050048 Italy Costa tra Punta Tresino e le Ripe Rosse Map
LV0510600 Latvia Pildas ezers Map
PLB040003 Poland Dolina Dolnej Wisły Map
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PLB990002 Poland Przybrzeżne wody Bałtyku Map
SE0230268 Sweden Vättern (östra) Map
SE0610001 Sweden Millesvik och Lurö skärgård Map
SE0610006 Sweden Värmlandsskärgården Map
SE0820295 Sweden Laidauredeltat Map
SI5000011 Slovenia Drava Map
SKCHVU026 Slovakia Sĺňava Map
UK9002811 United Kingdom Tips of Corsemaul and Tom Mór Map
IT8050010 Italy Fasce litoranee a destra e a sinistra del Fiume Sele Map
EE0020312 Estonia Linnuraba Map
EE0020316 Estonia Rabivere Map
DE1813491 Germany Seevogelschutzgebiet Helgoland Map
IT2040042 Italy Pian di Spagna e Lago di Mezzola Map
GR2110001 Greece AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) Map
FR5312003 France Baie de Goulven Map
PLB020004 Poland Zbiornik Mietkowski Map
IT2080703 Italy Po di Pieve Porto Morone Map
BG0000270 Bulgaria Atanasovsko ezero Map
IT20A0401 Italy Riserva Regionale Bosco Ronchetti Map
DE3453422 Germany Mittlere Oderniederung Map
DE3744421 Germany Nuthe-Nieplitz-Niederung Map
ES4310010 Spain La Serena Map
IT2090702 Italy Po di Corte S. Andrea Map
DE1209301 Germany Sylter Außenriff Map
SKUEV0313 Slovakia Devínske jazero Map
PLH040007 Poland Jezioro Gopło Map
FR9312015 France Étangs entre Istres et Fos Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
IT20A0018 Italy Cave Danesi Map
SKUEV0312 Slovakia Devínske alúvium Moravy Map
IT20B0501 Italy Viadana, Portiolo, San Benedetto Po e Ostiglia Map
SKUEV0116 Slovakia Jakubovské rybníky Map
IT20A0502 Italy Lanca di Gussola Map
BG0000241 Bulgaria Srebarna Map
BG0002046 Bulgaria Yatata Map
SKUEV0208 Slovakia Senianske rybníky Map
IT1180028 Italy Fiume Po - tratto vercellese alessandrino Map
IT3250046 Italy Laguna di Venezia Map
GR1220001 Greece LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
GR2330006 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA KOTYCHI, BRINIA Map
EE0020325 Estonia Kõnnumaa Map
IT2080702 Italy Po di Monticelli Pavese e Chignolo Po Map
GR1130009 Greece LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
FR3112002 France Les "Cinq Tailles" Map
DE6119401 Germany Untere Gersprenzaue Map
IT2090501 Italy Senna Lodigiana Map
IT2080701 Italy Po da Albaredo Arnaboldi ad Arena Po Map
IT8010028 Italy Foce Volturno - Variconi Map
IT8030006 Italy Costiera amalfitana tra Nerano e Positano Map
BG0002041 Bulgaria Kompleks Ropotamo Map
IT20B0401 Italy Parco Regionale Oglio Sud Map
DE2104301 Germany Borkum-Riffgrund Map
BG0002022 Bulgaria Yazovir Rozov kladenets Map
BG0002028 Bulgaria Kompleks Straldzha Map
FR1112012 France Boucles de Moisson, de Guernes et de Rosny Map
SKUEV0125 Slovakia Gajarské alúvium Moravy Map
FR1112003 France Boucles de la Marne Map
PLH320037 Poland Dolna Odra Map
BG0002023 Bulgaria Yazovir Ovcharitsa Map
BG0002017 Bulgaria Kompleks Belenski ostrovi Map
FR8212020 France Lac Léman Map
FR8312013 France Val d'allier Saint Yorre-Joze Map
FR3112004 France Dunes de Merlimont Map
EE0010129 Estonia Pakri Map
DE1011401 Germany SPA Östliche Deutsche Bucht Map
IT8030027 Italy Scoglio del Vervece Map
IT20A0020 Italy Gabbioneta Map
SKUEV0219 Slovakia Malina Map
SKUEV0124 Slovakia Bogdalický vrch Map
DE3242421 Germany Rhin-Havelluch Map
BG0002030 Bulgaria Kompleks Kalimok Map
IT8010029 Italy Fiume Garigliano Map
DE0916491 Germany Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete Map
GR1220002 Greece DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI Map
IT8030026 Italy Rupi costiere dell'Isola di Ischia Map
BG0000242 Bulgaria Zaliv Chengene skele Map
IT20A0016 Italy Spiaggioni di Spinadesco Map
DE5914450 Germany Inselrhein Map
BG0002018 Bulgaria Ostrov Vardim Map
BG0002006 Bulgaria Ribarnitsi Orsoya Map
IT1343412 Italy Deiva - Bracco - Pietra di Vasca - Mola Map
BG0002048 Bulgaria Suha reka Map
BG0002065 Bulgaria Blato Malak Preslavets Map
IT20A0015 Italy Bosco Ronchetti Map
FR2112013 France Plateau ardennais Map
DE2649421 Germany Uckerniederung Map
DE5417401 Germany Lahnaue zwischen Atzbach und Gießen Map
IT8030009 Italy Foce di Licola Map
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IT20A0019 Italy Barco Map
DE2738421 Germany Agrarlandschaft Prignitz-Stepenitz Map
FR4112000 France Plaine et étang du Bischwald Map
IT8030013 Italy Isolotto di S. Martino e dintorni Map
BG0002040 Bulgaria Strandzha Map
DE4450421 Germany Lausitzer Bergbaufolgelandschaft Map
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IT2010501 Italy Lago di Varese Map
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BG0002058 Bulgaria Sinite kamani - Grebenets Map
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IT8050018 Italy Isolotti Li Galli Map
IT1333307 Italy Punta Baffe - Punta Moneglia - Val Petronio Map
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IT20B0402 Italy Riserva Regionale Garzaia di Pomponesco Map
BG0002010 Bulgaria Yazovir Pyasachnik Map
FR8312009 France Gorges de la Loire Map
GR1110007 Greece DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS Map
IT20A0503 Italy Isola Maria Luigia Map
IT2090701 Italy Po di San Rocco al Porto Map
DE3542421 Germany Mittlere Havelniederung Map
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IT8030002 Italy Capo Miseno Map
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IT8050054 Italy Costiera Amalfitana tra Maiori e il Torrente Bonea Map
BG0002095 Bulgaria Gorni Dabnik - Telish Map
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BG0000118 Bulgaria Zlatni pyasatsi Map
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IT20A0402 Italy Riserva Regionale Lanca di Gerole Map
IT2010502 Italy Canneti del Lago Maggiore Map
BG0000620 Bulgaria Pomorie Map
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IT20A0501 Italy Spinadesco Map
IT1160054 Italy Fiume Tanaro e Stagni di Neive Map
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DE5145451 Germany Großhartmannsdorfer Großteich Map
DE4940420 Germany Nordöstliches Altenburger Land Map
DE4655451 Germany Teiche und Wälder um Mückenhain Map
DE4647451 Germany Mittleres Rödertal Map
DE4546451 Germany Unteres Rödertal Map
DE4550451 Germany Dubringer Moor Map
BG0000154 Bulgaria Ezero Durankulak Map
BG0002051 Bulgaria Kaliakra Map
BG0002082 Bulgaria Batova Map
BG0002050 Bulgaria Durankulashko ezero Map
BG0002043 Bulgaria Emine Map
BG0000156 Bulgaria Shablenski ezeren kompleks Map
BG0000191 Bulgaria Varnensko-Beloslavsko ezero Map
BG0002077 Bulgaria Bakarlaka Map
BG0000271 Bulgaria Mandra - Poda Map
BG0002045 Bulgaria Kompleks Kamchia Map
PLH060087 Poland Doliny Łabuńki i Topornicy Map
PLH260032 Poland Ostoja Sobkowsko-Korytnicka Map
PLB160003 Poland Zbiornik Otmuchowski Map
PLB160002 Poland Zbiornik Nyski Map
PLH260034 Poland Ostoja Szaniecko-Solecka Map
FR5212014 France Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf Map
FR7212016 France Panache de la Gironde Map
FR5212015 France Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent Map
FR5212013 France Mor Braz Map
FR5412026 France Pertuis charentais - Rochebonne Map
CY4000010 Cyprus CHERSONISOS AKAMA Map
CY4000023 Cyprus ZONI EIDIKIS PROSTASIAS CHERSONISOS AKAMA Map
GR2540008 Greece NOTIA MANI Map
GR1110012 Greece SAMOTHRAKI: OROS FENGARI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
IE0004228 Ireland Lough Conn and Lough Cullin SPA Map
IE0004151 Ireland Donegal Bay SPA Map
IE0004136 Ireland Clare Island SPA Map
IE0004221 Ireland Illaunnanoon SPA Map
IE0004144 Ireland High Island, Inishshark and Davillaun SPA Map
IE0004182 Ireland Mid-Clare Coast SPA Map
IE0004212 Ireland Cross Lough (Killadoon) SPA Map
IE0004158 Ireland River Nanny Estuary and Shore SPA Map
IE0004219 Ireland Courtmacsherry Bay SPA Map
IT5170009 Italy Lago di Santa Luce Map
ROSPA0066 Romania Limanu - Herghelia Map
AT2119000 Austria Gut Walterskirchen Map
AT1220V00 Austria Feuchte Ebene - Leithaauen Map
AT3110000 Austria Ettenau Map
AT2226000 Austria Furtner Teich - Dürnberger-Moor Map
AT1204V00 Austria Donau-Auen östlich von Wien Map
AT3209022 Austria Salzachauen, Salzburg Map
AT1202V00 Austria March-Thaya-Auen Map
AT3114000 Austria Traun-Donau-Auen Map
AT3105000 Austria Unterer Inn Map
AT3402000 Austria Rheindelta Map
AT2226002 Austria Furtner Teich Map
ROSPA0123 Romania Lacurile de acumulare de pe Crişul Repede Map
IE0004230 Ireland West Donegal Islands SPA Map
IE0004181 Ireland Connemara Bog Complex SPA Map
IE0004188 Ireland Tralee Bay Complex SPA Map
IT3340007 Italy Area marina di Miramare Map
IT2030008 Italy Il Toffo Map
IT5340022 Italy Litorale di Porto d'Ascoli (La Sentina) Map
ES0000497 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa da Morte Map
ES0000495 Spain Espacio marino de Punta de Candelaria-Ría de Ortigueira-Estaca de Bares Map
ES0000494 Spain Espacio marino de Cabo Peñas Map
ES0000499 Spain Espacio marino de las Rías Baixas de Galicia Map
BG0002115 Bulgaria Bilo Map

Protected sites

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Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Alcatraz-pardo Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Common Gull English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Fiskmås Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gavina Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gaviota Cana Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Goéland cendré French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kalalokki Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mewa pospolita Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Stormmeeuw Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sturmmöwe German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Viharsirály Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:05900 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

77 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 1/29 (individuals) 1995-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Austria 1/5 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Austria 3/3 (pairs) 1991 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Azerbaijan 1500/3500 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belarus 500/1200 (pairs) 1997-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belarus 100/500 (individuals) 1997-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belarus 500/1200 (pairs) 1987 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Belgium 112000/112000 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belgium 66/77 (pairs) 2001-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belgium 15/25 (pairs) 1981-1990 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Bulgaria 160/15260 (individuals) 1997-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 3000/6000 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Cyprus 5/50 (individuals) 1994-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Czech Republic 1000/3000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Czech Republic 2/3 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Czech Republic Continental 3/7 (pairs) - Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Denmark Present/Present (individuals) 1999-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 25000/30000 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 29000/29300 (pairs) 1988 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Estonia 10000/20000 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 250/10000 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia Boreal 10000/15000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Finland 60000/80000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 10000/100000 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 50000/60000 (pairs) 1992 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
France 2/35 (pairs) 1996-2001 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 20000/80000 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 23/33 (pairs) 1991 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Germany 19000/25000 (pairs) 1995-1999 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 7500/16500 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Greece 250/800 (individuals) 1995-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Hungary 50/10000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Hungary 1/2 (pairs) 1995-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Hungary Pannonian 4/4 (pairs) 1991 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Iceland 400/500 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 300/500 (individuals) 2003 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland Arctic 300/400 (pairs) - Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Ireland 1060/1060 (pairs) 1999-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland Atlantic 3000/3000 (pairs) 1985-1987 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Italy 1500/6500 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia 10000/20000 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia 500/600 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia Boreal 500/600 (pairs) 1986 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Lithuania 1000/2499 (individuals) 1992-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Lithuania 120/150 (pairs) 1999-2001 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Lithuania Boreal 100/150 (pairs) 1985-1988 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Luxembourg 1/5 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 15/30 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 0/10 (pairs) 1988 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Netherlands 5600/6500 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 270000/350000 (individuals) 1999-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands Atlantic 7000/7000 (pairs) 1990 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Norway 60000/120000 (pairs) 1989-2001 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 100000/200000 (pairs) 1990 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Poland 20000/40000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Poland 3000/3500 (pairs) 1997-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Poland 3500/4300 (pairs) - Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Portugal Present/Present (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 5000/120000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 250000/1000000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 40000/60000 (pairs) 1984-1988 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Serbia and Montenegro 1000/3000 (individuals) 1990-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 0/3 (pairs) 1980-1999 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 100/9000 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 5/10 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Slovenia 200/1850 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 100000/200000 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 100000/200000 (pairs) 1987 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Switzerland 2/5 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Switzerland 2680/5300 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Switzerland 1/6 (pairs) 1986-1991 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Turkey 8000/12000 (individuals) 1991-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 50/150 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 10000/19999 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 430000/430000 (individuals) 1993 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 48700/48700 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom Atlantic 68500/68500 (pairs) 1985-1987 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

77 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 50% to 79% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 10% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1970-1990 Breeding Large increase of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Belgium 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Cyprus 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 9% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic Continental 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Denmark 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Estonia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia Boreal 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 15 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
France 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 20% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1970-1990 Breeding Large increase of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Germany 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary Pannonian 1970-1990 Breeding New breeder within the period No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Large increase of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Ireland 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 30% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland Atlantic 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Italy 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia Boreal 1970-1990 Breeding Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Lithuania 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania Boreal 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Luxembourg 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Netherlands 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 46 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands Atlantic 1970-1990 Breeding Large increase of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Poland 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Portugal 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 40% to 79% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1970-1990 Breeding New breeder within the period Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Slovenia 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 0% to 100% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Switzerland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1990-2000 Wintering decreasing between 11% to 45% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Turkey 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 29 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom Atlantic 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

55 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2016-02-24 Germany Birds Derogation 2014 Birds_2014_GER.xml
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Alsace
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Lorraine
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Nord Pas de Calais
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files PACA
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Rhône Alpes
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Auvergne
2015-11-25 France France rapport art 9 directive oiseaux 79/409/CEE année 2014 DREAL Rhone Alpes
2015-11-17 Netherlands Birds Directive Derogations 2014 part 1 BD_derogations2014_RVO_NL_part1.xml
2015-10-02 Finland Bird 2014 FI_Bird_Report_2014.xml
2015-09-30 Poland National Report on Derogation under the Birds Directive 2014 birds_directive_2014
2015-09-17 France France rapport art 9 directive oiseaux 79/409/CEE année 2012 NORD_PAS_DE_CALAIS_birds_habides_export.xml
2015-04-16 Netherlands Birds Directive Derogations 2013 NL_BD2013.xml
2015-02-23 Germany Birds Derogation 2013 Germany Birds_2013_GER.xml
2015-01-14 Germany Birds Derogation 2012 Germany Birds Derogation 2012 Germany
2014-12-08 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2013 BG-NReport under Bird Directive 2013
2014-10-29 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives Habitats and Birds Derogations Report
2014-10-22 Belgium derogations Belgium BD 2013 20141009_habides_export_BE_BD_2013_final_uploaded_version.xml
2014-10-20 Netherlands Birds Directive Derogations 2012 Derogations Bird Directieve NL 2012
2014-09-30 Denmark 2013 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive National_Report_on_Derogations_under_the_Birds_Directive__1.xml
2014-09-30 Finland Bird 2013 FI_bird_report_2013
2014-09-26 Sweden National reports on derogations under the Birds Directive 2013 Art 9 Birds Directive Sweden 2013
2013-12-19 Sweden National reports on derogations under the Birds directive (Art 9) 2012 - Sweden Art 9 Birds Directive 2012_SE
2013-12-17 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012 BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012
2013-12-09 Portugal PT_Birds_2012.xml PT_Birds_2012
2013-10-11 Finland Bird2012 FI_bird_report_2012.xml
2013-10-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2012 Derogations report BD BE2012
2013-09-19 Denmark 2012 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2013-09-13 Netherlands BD Derogations 2011 OLD Bird Directive Derogations 2011
2013-02-12 Denmark 2011 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2013-01-14 Sweden National Report on Derogations under the Birds Directive_2011 Habides_Birds_SE_2011
2013-01-03 Finland Bird2011 FI_bird_report_2011.xml
2012-10-29 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Dept. of Env., Northern Ireland
2012-10-29 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Natural England
2012-10-29 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Scottish Natural Heritage
2012-10-11 Sweden National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives-2009_2010/xml format Derogations Birds/habitats 2009-2010
2012-05-29 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2009 Derogations Belgium BD 2009
2012-05-03 Denmark 2009 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2012-05-03 Denmark 2010 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2012-02-26 Netherlands Birds Directive Derogations 2010 Derogations BD Netherlands 2010
2012-01-03 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2009 error Derogations Flanders BD & HD 2009
2011-11-10 United Kingdom Directive 92/43/EEC: Derogation under Article 16: Report by the UK for 2009-2010 Scottish Government contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 and 92/43/EEC Article 16 UK Report
2011-11-10 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2010 DOENI contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2011-10-17 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives (2009-2010) birds derogations
2011-07-01 Denmark Denmarks Report on Derogations under the Birds Directive for 2010 questionnaire_habides.xml
2011-06-03 Finland Bird 2009 FI_bird_rap_2009.xml
2011-01-12 Finland BIRD 2008 FI Report 2008
2010-12-20 Denmark Derogations 2009 questionnaire_habides.xml
2010-12-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2007-2008 derogations2007_VL.xml
2010-12-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2007-2008 derogations2008_VL.xml
2010-11-23 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogations under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2009 Scottish Executive contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK report
2010-11-23 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogations under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2009 NE contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2010-09-30 Sweden National Report on Derogations under the Birds Directive_2009 habides_export_Sweden_20100930.xml
2010-09-08 Netherlands Derogations Birds and Habitats Directive Derogations BD2008 and HD 2007 - 2008
2009-12-22 Denmark Derogations 2008 questionnaire_habides.xml

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

85 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Zeeland 2014-11-25 2039-11-25 No information available Killing The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zeeland 2014-11-25 2039-11-25 No information available Unavoidable disturbance due to construction activities The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Poland 2014-10-01 2016-05-30 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species. Deliberate disturbance and scaring away is caused by people and the noise mahinery.
Mazowieckie 2014-10-01 2016-05-30 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species. Deliberate disturbance and scaring away is caused by people and the noise mahinery.
Poland 2014-08-15 2014-11-30 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-08-15 2014-11-30 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Poland 2014-06-01 2014-12-15 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-06-01 2014-12-15 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Pomorskie 2014-05-14 2018-07-31 The numer of individuals is difficult to determine Capture (ringing) No impact on population
Pomorskie 2014-05-14 2018-07-31 The numer of individuals is difficult to determine Deliberate disturbance, scaring away No impact on population
Zuid-Holland 2014-04-15 2019-09-30 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2014-03-07 2015-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2014-03-07 2015-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Kujawsko-Pomorskie 2013-12-18 2016-12-31 difficult to determine (groups of birds with different numbers of individuals) Deliberate disturbance during the migration period With no infuence for population in region or country.
Sweden 2013-10-29 2016-12-31 Av akut flygsäkerhet får de skjuta de fåglar som kommit in på landningsbanan, ingen nummerär begränsning då problemet måste undanröjas Döda Ingen, både kråk- och måsfågel samt kanadagäss är i stora numerärer, detsamma gäller ringduva. Totalt sköts 35 måsar och 30 kråkfåglar
Noord-Holland 2013-05-22 2015-12-31 No information available Deliberate taking of eggs and destruction, damage to and removal of nests   Negligible
Länsi-Suomi 2013-05-21 2013-07-30 One nest Destruction, damage to and removal of nests No impact
Zuid-Holland 2013-05-06 2015-10-06 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zuid-Holland 2013-05-06 2015-10-06 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zuid-Holland 2013-05-06 2015-10-06 No information available Deliberate taking of eggs and destruction, damage to and removal of nests The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zuid-Holland 2013-04-01 2018-04-01 No information available Unavoidable disturbance due to construction activities The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zeeland 2013-04-01 2018-04-01 No information available Unavoidable disturbance due to construction activities The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Brabant 2013-04-01 2018-04-01 No information available Unavoidable disturbance due to construction activities The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Brabant 2013-03-15 2013-07-31 No information available Killing The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Brabant 2013-03-15 2013-07-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Brabant 2013-03-15 2013-07-31 No information available Deliberate taking of eggs and destruction, damage to and removal of nests The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Lubuskie 2013-02-19 2015-12-31 Number of individuals impossible to define for disturbance. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away no impact on Populations.
Denmark 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences Killing There is no impact on the population
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2013-01-01 2013-31-12 keine Vogaben Fang zur Beringung keine
Zuid-Holland 2013-01-01 2018-03-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zuid-Holland 2013-01-01 2018-03-31 No information available Deliberate taking of eggs and destruction, damage to and removal of nests   The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Flevoland 2012-09-21 2027-09-21 No information available Killing The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2012-09-01 2017-08-31 No information available Capture Negligible
Noord-Holland 2012-09-01 2017-08-31 No information available Transport Negligible
Noord-Holland 2012-09-01 2017-08-31 No information available Killing Negligible
Noord-Holland 2012-09-01 2017-08-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away Negligible
Noord-Holland 2012-09-01 2017-08-31 No information available Releasing Negligible
Noord-Holland 2012-09-01 2017-08-31 No information available Deliberate taking of eggs and destruction, damage to and removal of nests Negligible
Pomorskie 2012-07-01 2022-07-01 Unknowne the number of local population. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away None
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 20 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 20 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Mazowieckie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Slaskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Lubelskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Zachodniopomorskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Lubuskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Pomorskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Denmark 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences Killing There is no impact on the population
Friesland (NL) 2012-01-01 2012-05-31 No information available None No information available
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 Es werden nur in Ausnahmefällen Genhmigungen zur Vogelberingung ausgegeben, in denen die zu beringenden Arten und Zahlen explizit aufgelistet sind. Die zu beringenden Arten werden in Projekten der Behörden für die Umweltbeobachtung und der Verbände festgelegt. Fang zur Beringung keine
Etelä-Suomi 2011-04-06 2011-12-31 All nests on the buildings on the factory area Destruction, damage to and removal of nests No impact on population
Etelä-Suomi 2011-04-06 2011-12-31 All nests on the buildings on the factory area Deliberate disturbance, scaring away No impact on population
Noord-Holland 2011-03-01 2012-07-01 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding No information available
Noord-Holland 2011-03-01 2012-07-01 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing No information available
Noord-Holland 2011-03-01 2012-07-01 No information available Taking of eggs No information available
Noord-Holland 2011-03-01 2012-07-01 No information available Destruction, damage to and removal of nests No information available
United Kingdom 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 not normally restricted Capture (ringing) nil
Denmark 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences. Killing There is no impact on the population.
Noord-Holland 2011-01-01 2015-12-31 No information available Killing No information available
Noord-Holland 2011-01-01 2015-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away No information available
Noord-Holland 2011-01-01 2013-12-15 No information available Killing Negligible
Pomorskie 2010-05-26 2015-12-31 unknown number of local population Deliberate disturbance, scaring away none
Northern Ireland (UK) 2010-05-06 2010-08-31 limited by site location Capture (ringing) nil; ringing/marking only
Northern Ireland (UK) 2010-05-06 2010-08-31 limited by site location Marketing nil; ringing/marking only
Northern Ireland (UK) 2010-02-23 2010-09-30 no upper limits set Capture (ringing) limited: BTO ringing studies indicate that there are very low mortalities rates associated with standardised ringing techniquess
Friesland (NL) 2010-01-01 2010-12-31 onbekend Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding geen
Denmark 2010-01-01 2010-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences. Killing There is no impact on the population.
Prov. Vlaams-Brabant 2009-06-10 2009-12-21 No bag limit Killing None
South Western Scotland 2009-05-01 2009-08-31 Eggs and nests as required Taking of eggs None
South Western Scotland 2009-05-01 2009-08-31 Eggs and nests as required Destruction, damage to and removal of nests None
Highlands and Islands 2009-03-30 2009-08-31 No numbers given on licence Taking of eggs None
Highlands and Islands 2009-03-30 2009-08-31 No numbers given on licence Destruction, damage to and removal of nests None
Sweden 2009-03-19 2013-12-31 Tillståndet medger jakt på djur tillhörande de arter som upptas i bilagorna 1-4 till jaktförordningen Jakt Ingen
Norra Mellansverige 2009-03-05 2013-12-31 Djur tillhörande de arter som upptas i bilagorna 1-4 till jaktförordningen Jakt Ingen
Denmark 2009-01-01 2009-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences. Killing There is no impact on the population.
Sweden 2008-10-21 2011-10-31 Obegränsat antal och arter Döda De få individer som skjuts är främst måsar. Åtgärden hotar inte dessa bestånd.
Småland med öarna 2008-10-21 2011-10-31 Obegränsat antal och arter Döda De få individer som skjuts är främst måsar. Åtgärden hotar inte dessa bestånd.
Pohjois-Suomi 2008-07-11 2009-10-31 Luvan kattamien lintulajien yksilömäärät vaihtelevat huomattavasti ajallisesti ja on mahdotonta arvioida kuinka moneen yksilöön häirintä kohdistuu Deliberate disturbance, scaring away Ei vaikutusta
Noord-Holland 2008-04-15 2013-07-15 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding Negligible
Noord-Holland 2008-04-15 2013-07-15 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing Negligible
Noord-Holland 2008-04-15 2013-07-15 No information available Taking of eggs Negligible
Noord-Holland 2008-04-15 2013-07-15 No information available Destruction, damage to and removal of nests Negligible
Noord-Holland 2008-04-15 2013-07-15 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding Negligible
Noord-Holland 2008-04-15 2013-07-15 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing Negligible
Noord-Holland 2008-04-15 2013-07-15 No information available Deliberate taking of eggs and destruction, damage to and removal of nests Negligible
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100