Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Charadriiformes > Family: Laridae > Genus: Larus > Species: Larus marinus

Great Black-backed Gull - Larus marinus Linnaeus, 1758

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 1 other international agreement
Breeding habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
Wintering habitats
  • coastal
Natura 2000 species code A187

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BEMNZ0001 Belgium Vlaamse Banken Map
DE2121401 Germany Unterelbe Map
DE2210401 Germany Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer und angrenzendes Küstenmeer Map
DE2424401 Germany Mühlenberger Loch Map
DE2508401 Germany Krummhörn Map
DE2609401 Germany Emsmarsch von Leer bis Emden Map
DE2617401 Germany Unterweser Map
DE2719401 Germany Hammeniederung Map
DE2816401 Germany Hunteniederung Map
DE2948401 Germany Schorfheide-Chorin Map
DE2951401 Germany Unteres Odertal Map
DE3339402 Germany Niederung der Unteren Havel Map
DE3420401 Germany Wesertalaue bei Landesbergen Map
DE3513401 Germany Alfsee Map
DE3521401 Germany Steinhuder Meer Map
DE3642401 Germany Rietzer See Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000140 Spain Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES0000197 Spain Acantilados del Monte Hacho Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
ES2130005 Spain Gaztelugatxeko Doniene / San Juan de Gaztelugatx Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
ES6310001 Spain Calamocarro-Benzú Map
ES7010042 Spain La Playa del Matorral Map
FR2310045 France Littoral seino-marin Map
FR2510037 France Chausey Map
FR2510047 France Baie de Seine occidentale Map
FR2510048 France Baie du Mont Saint Michel Map
FR2512001 France Littoral augeron Map
FR5210090 France Marais salants de Guérande, traicts du Croisic, dunes de Pen Bron Map
FR5310011 France Côte de Granit Rose-Sept Iles Map
FR5310050 France Baie de Saint-Brieuc - Est Map
FR5310054 France Ilôt du Trévors Map
FR5310055 France Cap Sizun Map
FR5310057 France Archipel de Glénan Map
FR5310070 France Tregor Goëlo Map
FR5310072 France Ouessant-Molène Map
FR5310073 France Baie de Morlaix Map
FR5310074 France Baie de Vilaine Map
FR5310086 France Golfe du Morbihan Map
FR5310092 France Rivière de Pénerf Map
FR5310093 France Baie de Quiberon Map
FR5310095 France Cap d'Erquy-Cap Fréhel Map
FR5410012 France Anse du Fier d'Ars en Ré Map
FR5410013 France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves, marais de Rochefort Map
FR5412012 France Bonne Anse, marais de Bréjat et de Saint Augustin Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
GR1110006 Greece DELTA EVROU Map
GR1130010 Greece LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA Map
GR1150001 Greece DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA Map
IE0000204 Ireland Lambay Island SAC Map
IE0000495 Ireland Duvillaun Islands SAC Map
IE0000507 Ireland Inishkea Islands SAC Map
IT8010018 Italy Variconi Map
PLB040003 Poland Dolina Dolnej Wisły Map
PLB140004 Poland Dolina Środkowej Wisły Map
PLB220004 Poland Ujście Wisły Map
PLB280003 Poland Jezioro Łuknajno Map
PLB280010 Poland Zalew Wiślany Map
PLB320003 Poland Dolina Dolnej Odry Map
PTCOR0001 Portugal Costa e Caldeirão - Ilha do Corvo Map
PTFAI0004 Portugal Caldeira e Capelinhos - Ilha do Faial Map
PTFAI0005 Portugal Monte da Guia - Ilha do Faial Map
PTFLO0003 Portugal Costa Nordeste - Ilha das Flores Map
PTGRA0015 Portugal Ilhéu de Baixo - Restinga Ilha Graciosa Map
PTJOR0013 Portugal Ponta dos Rosais - Ilha de S. Jorge Map
PTJOR0014 Portugal Costa NE e Ponta do Topo - Ilha de S. Jorge Map
PTPIC0010 Portugal Ponta da Ilha - Ilha do Pico Map
PTPIC0011 Portugal Lajes do Pico - Ilha do Pico Map
PTTER0017 Portugal Serra Santa Bárbara e Pico Alto - Ilha da Terceira Map
PTZPE0011 Portugal Estuário do Sado Map
PTZPE0020 Portugal Costa e Caldeirão - Ilha do Corvo Map
PTZPE0022 Portugal Costa Nordeste - Ilha das Flores Map
PTZPE0023 Portugal Caldeira e Capelinhos - Ilha do Faial Map
PTZPE0024 Portugal Lajes do Pico - Ilha do Pico Map
PTZPE0025 Portugal Ponta da Ilha - Ilha do Pico Map
PTZPE0028 Portugal Ilhéu do topo e Costa Adjacente - Ilha de S. Jorge Map
PTZPE0029 Portugal Ilhéu de Baixo - Ilha Graciosa Map
PTZPE0030 Portugal Ilhéu da Praia - Ilha Graciosa Map
SE0230268 Sweden Vättern (östra) Map
SE0610001 Sweden Millesvik och Lurö skärgård Map
SE0610006 Sweden Värmlandsskärgården Map
UK9001182 United Kingdom East Caithness Cliffs Map
UK9002151 United Kingdom Copinsay Map
FR5212010 France Dunes, forêt et marais d'Olonne Map
DE1209301 Germany Sylter Außenriff Map
FR7412002 France Étang des Landes Map
PLH040012 Poland Nieszawska Dolina Wisły Map
ES6310002 Spain Zona marítimo-terrestre del Monte Hacho Map
PTCON0011 Portugal Estuário do Sado Map
IT8010028 Italy Foce Volturno - Variconi Map
DE2104301 Germany Borkum-Riffgrund Map
PLH320037 Poland Dolna Odra Map
DE1011401 Germany SPA Östliche Deutsche Bucht Map
DE0916491 Germany Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete Map
DE5914450 Germany Inselrhein Map
FR5212007 France Marais du Mès, baie et dunes de Pont-Mahé, étang du Pont de Fer, île Dumet Map
FR5312004 France Camaret Map
ES6150014 Spain Marismas y Riberas del Tinto Map
DE2751421 Germany Randow-Welse-Bruch Map
PTCON0008 Portugal Sintra/Cascais Map
DE1552401 Germany SPA Pommersche Bucht Map
PLB040005 Poland Żwirownia Skoki Map
PLH220033 Poland Dolna Wisła Map
ES6150019 Spain Bajo Guadalquivir Map
DE1423491 Germany Schlei Map
GR1110007 Greece DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS Map
DE3542421 Germany Mittlere Havelniederung Map
DE4342452 Germany Elbaue und Teichgebiete bei Torgau Map
DE4754451 Germany Talsperre Quitzdorf Map
DE4545452 Germany Elbtal zwischen Schöna und Mühlberg Map
DE1446401 Germany Binnenbodden von Rügen Map
DE4642451 Germany Wermsdorfer Teich- und Waldgebiet Map
DE4740451 Germany Rückhaltebecken Stöhna Map
DE4941451 Germany Eschefelder Teiche Map
DE2507301 Germany Hund und Paapsand Map
DE4840452 Germany Speicherbecken Borna und Teichgebiet Haselbach Map
DE1542401 Germany Vorpommersche Boddenlandschaft und nördlicher Strelasund Map
DE2514431 Germany Marschen am Jadebusen Map
DE4752452 Germany Spreeniederung Malschwitz Map
DE4439452 Germany Agrarraum und Bergbaufolgelandschaft bei Delitzsch Map
DE4648452 Germany Teiche bei Zschorna Map
DE5145451 Germany Großhartmannsdorfer Großteich Map
PLH040039 Poland Włocławska Dolina Wisły Map
FR5312010 France Dunes et côtes de Trévignon Map
FR5212014 France Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf Map
FR7212016 France Panache de la Gironde Map
FR5312009 France Roches de Penmarc'h Map
FR5212015 France Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent Map
FR5312011 France Iles Houat-Hoëdic Map
FR5212013 France Mor Braz Map
FR5412026 France Pertuis charentais - Rochebonne Map
ES90ATL01 Spain El Cachucho Map
IE0004192 Ireland Helvick Head to Ballyquin SPA Map
FR7212018 France Bassin d'Arcachon et banc d'Arguin Map
FR7212017 France Au droit de l'étang d'Hourtin-Carcans Map
AT3209022 Austria Salzachauen, Salzburg Map
LV0900200 Latvia Akmensrags Map
LV0900400 Latvia Rigas lica rietumu piekraste Map
LV0900300 Latvia Irbes saurums Map
LV0900500 Latvia Selga uz rietumiem no Tujas Map
ES0000497 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa da Morte Map
ES0000495 Spain Espacio marino de Punta de Candelaria-Ría de Ortigueira-Estaca de Bares Map
ES0000494 Spain Espacio marino de Cabo Peñas Map
ES0000499 Spain Espacio marino de las Rías Baixas de Galicia Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Alcatraz-comum Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Dolmányos sirály Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gavión Atlántico Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Goéland marin French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Great Black-backed Gull English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Grote Mantelmeeuw Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Havstrut Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mantelmöwe German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Merilokki Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mugnaiaccio Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:06000 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

39 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 0/1 (individuals) 1995-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belgium 300/300 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 0/2 (individuals) 1997-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark Present/Present (individuals) 1999-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 2000/3000 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark Arctic 1000/20000 (pairs) 1983 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 3000/5000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 20000/50000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 3000/5000 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 1000/3000 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 3000/4000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 1000/10000 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 3700/4000 (pairs) 1997-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 15000/60000 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 22/24 (pairs) 1995-1999 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 50000/80000 (individuals) 1978-1994 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 15000/20000 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland Arctic 15000/30000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Ireland 2241/2241 (pairs) 1999-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia 0/5 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia 1000/2000 (individuals) 1990-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Lithuania 250/999 (individuals) 1992-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 10000/25000 (individuals) 1985-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 11/15 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 50000/100000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 30000/50000 (pairs) 1990 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Poland 2000/6000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal Present/Present (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 0/4 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 3000/4000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 8200/10000 (pairs) 1984-1988 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Slovakia 0/2 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovenia Present/Present (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 10000/15000 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 10000/15000 (pairs) 1987 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Switzerland 0/3 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 43000/43000 (individuals) 1993 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 17500/17500 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom Atlantic 20000/20000 (pairs) 1985-1987 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

39 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 15 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 10% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 9% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 50% to 79% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Ireland 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 28 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Poland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovenia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Switzerland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Stable : 3 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom Atlantic 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

43 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2016-02-24 Germany Birds Derogation 2014 Birds_2014_GER.xml
2015-12-14 France France reporting Birds Directive 2013 corrected DREAL Basse Normandie
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Alsace
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Lorraine
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Nord Pas de Calais
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files PACA
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Auvergne
2015-11-17 Netherlands Birds Directive Derogations 2014 part 1 BD_derogations2014_RVO_NL_part1.xml
2015-10-02 Finland Bird 2014 FI_Bird_Report_2014.xml
2015-09-18 France France rapport art 9 directive oiseaux 79/409/CEE année 2013 DREAL_BN_habides_export_Birds__2013.xml
2015-09-17 France France rapport art 9 directive oiseaux 79/409/CEE année 2012 NORD_PAS_DE_CALAIS_birds_habides_export.xml
2015-09-17 France France rapport art 9 directive oiseaux 79/409/CEE année 2012 POITOU-CHARENTE-birds-habides2012_export_112013.xml
2015-02-23 Germany Birds Derogation 2013 Germany Birds_2013_GER.xml
2014-12-08 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2013 BG-NReport under Bird Directive 2013
2014-10-29 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives Habitats and Birds Derogations Report
2014-10-22 Belgium derogations Belgium BD 2013 20141009_habides_export_BE_BD_2013_final_uploaded_version.xml
2014-09-30 Denmark 2013 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive National_Report_on_Derogations_under_the_Birds_Directive__1.xml
2014-09-30 Finland Bird 2013 FI_bird_report_2013
2014-09-26 Sweden National reports on derogations under the Birds Directive 2013 Art 9 Birds Directive Sweden 2013
2014-09-22 Latvia birds_2013 National_Report_on_Derogations_under_the_Birds_Directive__1.xml
2013-12-19 Sweden National reports on derogations under the Birds directive (Art 9) 2012 - Sweden Art 9 Birds Directive 2012_SE
2013-12-17 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012 BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012
2013-10-11 Finland Bird2012 FI_bird_report_2012.xml
2013-09-19 Denmark 2012 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2013-02-12 Denmark 2011 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2013-01-14 Sweden National Report on Derogations under the Birds Directive_2011 Habides_Birds_SE_2011
2013-01-03 Finland Bird2011 FI_bird_report_2011.xml
2012-10-29 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Countryside Council for Wales
2012-10-29 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Welsh Government (Part 2)
2012-05-29 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2009 Derogations Belgium BD 2009
2012-05-03 Denmark 2009 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2012-05-03 Denmark 2010 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2012-01-03 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2009 error Derogations Flanders BD & HD 2009
2011-11-10 United Kingdom Directive 92/43/EEC: Derogation under Article 16: Report by the UK for 2009-2010 Scottish Government contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 and 92/43/EEC Article 16 UK Report
2011-10-17 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives (2009-2010) birds derogations
2011-07-01 Denmark Denmarks Report on Derogations under the Birds Directive for 2010 questionnaire_habides.xml
2011-06-03 Finland Bird 2009 FI_bird_rap_2009.xml
2011-01-12 Finland BIRD 2008 FI Report 2008
2010-12-20 Denmark Derogations 2009 questionnaire_habides.xml
2010-12-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2007-2008 derogations2007_VL.xml
2010-11-23 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogations under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2009 NE contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2010-09-30 Sweden National Report on Derogations under the Birds Directive_2009 habides_export_Sweden_20100930.xml
2009-12-22 Denmark Derogations 2008 questionnaire_habides.xml

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

18 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Zuid-Holland 2014-04-15 2019-09-30 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Netherlands 2014-04-07 2039-04-06 No information available Killing The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Sweden 2013-10-29 2016-12-31 Av akut flygsäkerhet får de skjuta de fåglar som kommit in på landningsbanan, ingen nummerär begränsning då problemet måste undanröjas Döda Ingen, både kråk- och måsfågel samt kanadagäss är i stora numerärer, detsamma gäller ringduva. Totalt sköts 35 måsar och 30 kråkfåglar
Denmark 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences Killing There is no impact on the population
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2013-01-01 2013-31-12 keine Vogaben Fang zur Beringung keine
Pomorskie 2012-07-01 2022-07-01 Unknowne the number of local population. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away None
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 20 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 20 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Mazowieckie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Slaskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Lubelskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Zachodniopomorskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Lubuskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Pomorskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Denmark 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences Killing There is no impact on the population
Denmark 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences. Killing There is no impact on the population.
Denmark 2010-01-01 2010-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences. Killing There is no impact on the population.
Denmark 2009-01-01 2009-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences. Killing There is no impact on the population.
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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