Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Charadriiformes > Family: Laridae > Genus: Larus > Species: Larus marinus

Great Black-backed Gull - Larus marinus Linnaeus, 1758

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 1 other international agreement
Breeding habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
Wintering habitats
  • coastal
Natura 2000 species code A187

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BEMNZ0001 Belgium Vlaamse Banken Map
DE2121401 Germany Unterelbe Map
DE2210401 Germany Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer und angrenzendes Küstenmeer Map
DE2424401 Germany Mühlenberger Loch Map
DE2508401 Germany Krummhörn Map
DE2609401 Germany Emsmarsch von Leer bis Emden Map
DE2617401 Germany Unterweser Map
DE2719401 Germany Hammeniederung Map
DE2816401 Germany Hunteniederung Map
DE2935401 Germany Aland-Elbe-Niederung Map
DE2948401 Germany Schorfheide-Chorin Map
DE2951401 Germany Unteres Odertal Map
DE3339402 Germany Niederung der Unteren Havel Map
DE3420401 Germany Wesertalaue bei Landesbergen Map
DE3513401 Germany Alfsee Map
DE3521401 Germany Steinhuder Meer Map
DE3642401 Germany Rietzer See Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000140 Spain Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES0000197 Spain Acantilados del Monte Hacho Map
ES0000317 Spain Penarronda-Barayo Map
ES0000319 Spain Ría de Ribadesella-Ría de Tinamayor Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
ES2130005 Spain Gaztelugatxeko Doniene / San Juan de Gaztelugatxe Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
ES6310001 Spain Calamocarro-Benzú Map
ES7010042 Spain La Playa del Matorral Map
FR2310045 France Littoral seino-marin Map
FR2510037 France Chausey Map
FR2510047 France Baie de Seine occidentale Map
FR2510048 France Baie du Mont Saint Michel Map
FR2512001 France Littoral augeron Map
FR5210090 France Marais salants de Guérande, traicts du Croisic, dunes de Pen Bron Map
FR5310011 France Côte de Granit Rose-Sept Iles Map
FR5310050 France Baie de Saint-Brieuc - Est Map
FR5310054 France Ilôt du Trévors Map
FR5310055 France Cap Sizun Map
FR5310057 France Archipel de Glénan Map
FR5310070 France Tregor Goëlo Map
FR5310072 France Ouessant-Molène Map
FR5310073 France Baie de Morlaix Map
FR5310074 France Baie de Vilaine Map
FR5310086 France Golfe du Morbihan Map
FR5310092 France Rivière de Pénerf Map
FR5310093 France Baie de Quiberon Map
FR5310095 France Cap d'Erquy-Cap Fréhel Map
FR5410012 France Anse du Fier d'Ars en Ré Map
FR5410013 France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves, marais de Rochefort Map
FR5412012 France Bonne Anse, marais de Bréjat et de Saint Augustin Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
GR1110006 Greece DELTA EVROU Map
GR1130010 Greece LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA Map
GR1150001 Greece DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA Map
IE0000204 Ireland Lambay Island SAC Map
IE0000495 Ireland Duvillaun Islands SAC Map
IE0000507 Ireland Inishkea Islands SAC Map
IT8010018 Italy Variconi Map
PLB040003 Poland Dolina Dolnej Wisły Map
PLB140004 Poland Dolina Środkowej Wisły Map
PLB220004 Poland Ujście Wisły Map
PLB280003 Poland Jezioro Łuknajno Map
PLB280010 Poland Zalew Wiślany Map
PLB320003 Poland Dolina Dolnej Odry Map
PTCOR0001 Portugal Costa e Caldeirão - Ilha do Corvo Map
PTFAI0004 Portugal Caldeira e Capelinhos - Ilha do Faial Map
PTFAI0005 Portugal Monte da Guia - Ilha do Faial Map
PTFLO0003 Portugal Costa Nordeste - Ilha das Flores Map
PTGRA0015 Portugal Ilhéu de Baixo - Restinga Ilha Graciosa Map
PTJOR0013 Portugal Ponta dos Rosais - Ilha de S. Jorge Map
PTJOR0014 Portugal Costa NE e Ponta do Topo - Ilha de S. Jorge Map
PTPIC0010 Portugal Ponta da Ilha - Ilha do Pico Map
PTPIC0011 Portugal Lajes do Pico - Ilha do Pico Map
PTTER0017 Portugal Serra Santa Bárbara e Pico Alto - Ilha da Terceira Map
PTZPE0020 Portugal Costa e Caldeirão - Ilha do Corvo Map
PTZPE0022 Portugal Costa Nordeste - Ilha das Flores Map
PTZPE0023 Portugal Caldeira e Capelinhos - Ilha do Faial Map
PTZPE0024 Portugal Lajes do Pico - Ilha do Pico Map
PTZPE0025 Portugal Ponta da Ilha - Ilha do Pico Map
PTZPE0028 Portugal Ilhéu do topo e Costa Adjacente - Ilha de S. Jorge Map
PTZPE0029 Portugal Ilhéu de Baixo - Ilha Graciosa Map
PTZPE0030 Portugal Ilhéu da Praia - Ilha Graciosa Map
SE0230268 Sweden Vättern (östra) Map
SE0610001 Sweden Millesvik och Lurö skärgård Map
SE0610006 Sweden Värmlandsskärgården Map
UK9001011 United Kingdom North Rona and Sula Sgeir Map
UK9001182 United Kingdom East Caithness Cliffs Map
UK9002141 United Kingdom Hoy Map
UK9002151 United Kingdom Copinsay Map
UK9002431 United Kingdom Calf of Eday Map
FR5212010 France Dunes, forêt et marais d'Olonne Map
BEMNZ0004 Belgium SBZ 3 / ZPS 3 Map
DE1209301 Germany Sylter Außenriff Map
FR7412002 France Étang des Landes Map
ES6310002 Spain Zona marítimo-terrestre del Monte Hacho Map
BEMNZ0002 Belgium SBZ 1 / ZPS 1 Map
IT8010028 Italy Foce Volturno - Variconi Map
DE2104301 Germany Borkum-Riffgrund Map
PLH320037 Poland Dolna Odra Map
DE1011401 Germany SPA Östliche Deutsche Bucht Map
BEMNZ0003 Belgium SBZ 2 / ZPS 2 Map
DE0916491 Germany Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete Map
DE5914450 Germany Inselrhein Map
FR5212007 France Marais du Mès, baie et dunes de Pont-Mahé, étang du Pont de Fer, île Dumet Map
FR5312004 France Camaret Map
ES6150014 Spain Marismas y Riberas del Tinto Map
DE2751421 Germany Randow-Welse-Bruch Map
PTCON0008 Portugal Sintra / Cascais Map
DE1552401 Germany SPA Pommersche Bucht Map
PLB040005 Poland Żwirownia Skoki Map
PLH220033 Poland Dolna Wisła Map
ES6150019 Spain Bajo Guadalquivir Map
GR1110007 Greece DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS Map
DE3542421 Germany Mittlere Havelniederung Map
DE1446401 Germany Binnenbodden von Rügen Map
DE2507301 Germany Hund und Paapsand Map
DE1542401 Germany Vorpommersche Boddenlandschaft und nördlicher Strelasund Map
DE2514431 Germany Marschen am Jadebusen Map
PLH040039 Poland Włocławska Dolina Wisły Map
FR5312010 France Dunes et côtes de Trévignon Map
FR5212014 France Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf Map
FR7212016 France Panache de la Gironde Map
FR5312009 France Roches de Penmarc'h Map
FR5212015 France Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent Map
FR5312011 France Iles Houat-Hoëdic Map
FR5212013 France Mor Braz Map
FR5412026 France Pertuis charentais - Rochebonne Map
ES90ATL01 Spain El Cachucho Map
ES1200016 Spain Ría del Eo Map
IE0004192 Ireland Helvick Head to Ballyquin SPA Map
FR7212018 France Bassin d'Arcachon et banc d'Arguin Map
FR7212017 France Au droit de l'étang d'Hourtin-Carcans Map
AT3209022 Austria Salzachauen, Salzburg Map
LV0900200 Latvia Akmensrags Map
LV0900400 Latvia Rigas lica rietumu piekraste Map
LV0900300 Latvia Irbes saurums Map
LV0900500 Latvia Selga uz rietumiem no Tujas Map
ES0000497 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa da Morte Map
ES0000495 Spain Espacio marino de Punta de Candelaria-Ría de Ortigueira-Estaca de Bares Map
ES0000494 Spain Espacio marino de Cabo Peñas Map
ES0000499 Spain Espacio marino de las Rías Baixas de Galicia Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Alcatraz-comum Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Dolmányos sirály Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gavión Atlántico Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Goéland marin French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Great Black-backed Gull English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Grote Mantelmeeuw Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Havstrut Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mantelmöwe German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Merilokki Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mugnaiaccio Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:06000 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100