Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Charadriiformes > Family: Laridae > Genus: Larus > Species: Larus melanocephalus

Mediterranean Gull - Larus melanocephalus Temminck, 1820

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 5 other international agreements
Breeding habitats
  • rivers and lakes
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • wetlands
Wintering habitats
  • coastal
  • marine inlets and transitional waters
Natura 2000 species code A176

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BE2101538 Belgium Arendonk, Merksplas, Oud-Turnhout, Ravels en Turnhout Map
CY6000002 Cyprus ALYKES LARNAKAS Map
DE1727401 Germany Lanker See Map
DE2121401 Germany Unterelbe Map
DE2210401 Germany Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer und angrenzendes Küstenmeer Map
DE2609401 Germany Emsmarsch von Leer bis Emden Map
DE2948401 Germany Schorfheide-Chorin Map
DE2951401 Germany Unteres Odertal Map
DE3239401 Germany Untere Havel/Sachsen-Anhalt und Schollener See Map
DE3415401 Germany Dümmer Map
DE3420401 Germany Wesertalaue bei Landesbergen Map
DE3437401 Germany Elbaue Jerichow Map
DE3532401 Germany Vogelschutzgebiet Drömling Map
DE3642401 Germany Rietzer See Map
DE3807401 Germany Vogelschutzgebiet 'Moore und Heiden des westlichen Münsterlandes' Map
DE3906301 Germany Zwillbrocker Venn u. Ellewicker Feld Map
DE4137401 Germany Wulfener Bruch und Teichgebiet Osternienburg Map
DE4139401 Germany Mittlere Elbe einschließlich Steckby-Lödderitzer Forst Map
DE4531401 Germany Helmestausee Berga-Kelbra (Anteil Sachsen-Anhalt) Map
DE4531403 Germany Kyffhäuser - Badraer Schweiz - Helmestausee Map
DE4536401 Germany Salziger See und Salzatal Map
DE4638401 Germany Saale-Elster-Aue südlich Halle Map
DE4831401 Germany Gera-Unstrut-Niederung um Straußfurt Map
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DE6717401 Germany Wagbachniederung Map
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DE7512401 Germany Rheinniederung Nonnenweier - Kehl Map
DE7921401 Germany Baggerseen Krauchenwies/Zielfingen Map
DE8220401 Germany Untersee des Bodensees Map
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FR5212003 France Vallée de la Loire des Ponts-de-Cé à Montsoreau Map
FR5212007 France Marais du Mès, baie et dunes de Pont-Mahé, étang du Pont de Fer, île Dumet Map
FR4112000 France Plaine et étang du Bischwald Map
FR9312025 France Basse Vallée du Var Map
GR3000003 Greece ETHNIKO PARKO SCHINIA - MARATHONA Map
BG0002040 Bulgaria Strandzha Map
ITA050011 Italy Torre Manfria Map
DE4450421 Germany Lausitzer Bergbaufolgelandschaft Map
ITA080001 Italy Foce del Fiume Irminio Map
PLH320017 Poland Trzebiatowsko-Kołobrzeski Pas Nadmorski Map
ES6120032 Spain Estrecho Oriental Map
DE7736471 Germany Ismaninger Speichersee und Fischteiche Map
ITB030016 Italy Stagno di S'Ena Arrubia e territori limitrofi Map
IT1323202 Italy Isola Bergeggi - Punta Predani Map
IT9310044 Italy Foce del Fiume Crati Map
ITA020019 Italy Rupi di Catalfano e Capo Zafferano Map
ES6150014 Spain Marismas y Riberas del Tinto Map
FR7212013 France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et baie de Fontarabie Map
IT9220090 Italy Costa Ionica Foce Bradano Map
DE6741471 Germany Regentalaue und Chambtal mit Rötelseeweihergebiet Map
IT9220080 Italy Costa Ionica Foce Agri Map
DE2751421 Germany Randow-Welse-Bruch Map
PTCON0008 Portugal Sintra / Cascais Map
IT8050018 Italy Isolotti Li Galli Map
ITA020012 Italy Valle del Fiume Oreto Map
IT1344216 Italy Costa di Bonassola - Framura Map
ITB010082 Italy Isola dell'Asinara Map
ES6150028 Spain Estuario del Río Piedras Map
IT1332614 Italy Pineta - Lecceta di Chiavari Map
IT1333307 Italy Punta Baffe - Punta Moneglia - Val Petronio Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
DE1530491 Germany Östliche Kieler Bucht Map
IT1332717 Italy Foce e medio corso del Fiume Entella Map
BG0000273 Bulgaria Burgasko ezero Map
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ITB040023 Italy Stagno di Cagliari, Saline di Macchiareddu, Laguna di Santa Gilla Map
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ITB030034 Italy Stagno di Mistras di Oristano Map
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IT1332603 Italy Parco di Portofino Map
IT20B0017 Italy Ansa e Valli del Mincio Map
FR9112017 France Étang de Mauguio Map
FR2410012 France Vallée de la Loire d'Indre-et-Loire Map
FR3112003 France Marais Audomarois Map
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PLH220033 Poland Dolna Wisła Map
IT5160006 Italy Isola di Capraia - area terrestre e marina Map
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IT9350143 Italy Saline Joniche Map
IT1343419 Italy Monte Serro Map
GR1110007 Greece DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS Map
ES6200007 Spain Islas e Islotes del Litoral Mediterráneo Map
IT1343502 Italy Parco della Magra - Vara Map
IT1345101 Italy Piana del Magra Map
CY4000007 Cyprus XEROS POTAMOS Map
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FR1112011 France Massif de Rambouillet et zones humides proches Map
IT7222216 Italy Foce Biferno - Litorale di Campomarino Map
ITA010030 Italy Isola di Pantelleria e area marina circostante Map
PTCON0013 Portugal Ria Formosa / Castro Marim Map
FR5212008 France Grande Brière, marais de Donges et du Brivet Map
BG0000152 Bulgaria Pomoriysko ezero Map
ROSPA0076 Romania Marea Neagră Map
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ROSPA0004 Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău Map
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ROSPA0040 Romania Dunărea Veche - Braţul Măcin Map
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ROSPA0052 Romania Lacul Beibugeac Map
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ROSPA0031 Romania Delta Dunării şi Complexul Razim - Sinoie Map
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DE1446401 Germany Binnenbodden von Rügen Map
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DE1934401 Germany Wismarbucht und Salzhaff Map
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DE5142451 Germany Limbacher Teiche Map
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DE7413441 Germany Kammbach-Niederung Map
DE4648452 Germany Teiche bei Zschorna Map
DE1747402 Germany Greifswalder Bodden und südlicher Strelasund Map
DE4450451 Germany Bergbaufolgelandschaft bei Hoyerswerda Map
DE4940420 Germany Nordöstliches Altenburger Land Map
BG0002051 Bulgaria Kaliakra Map
BG0002082 Bulgaria Batova Map
BG0002097 Bulgaria Belite skali Map
BG0002050 Bulgaria Durankulashko ezero Map
BG0002043 Bulgaria Emine Map
BG0000156 Bulgaria Shablenski ezeren kompleks Map
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BG0002077 Bulgaria Bakarlaka Map
BG0000271 Bulgaria Mandra - Poda Map
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PLB160004 Poland Zbiornik Turawa Map
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PLH140029 Poland Kampinoska Dolina Wisły Map
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PLB120009 Poland Stawy w Brzeszczach Map
PLH040039 Poland Włocławska Dolina Wisły Map
PLB160002 Poland Zbiornik Nyski Map
GR4210030 Greece DYTIKI RODOS: ORI ATTAVYROS & AKRAMYTIS, TECHNITI LIMNI APOLAKKIAS KAI NISIDES GEORGIOU, STRONGYLI, CHTENIES & KARAVOLAS Map
GR4210031 Greece NOTIO AKRO RODOU, PRASONISI, YGROTOPOS LIVADI KATTAVIAS Map
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FR5212014 France Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf Map
FR9112035 France Côte languedocienne Map
FR5312009 France Roches de Penmarc'h Map
FR5212015 France Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent Map
FR5212013 France Mor Braz Map
FR5412026 France Pertuis charentais - Rochebonne Map
ES0000447 Spain Espacio marino de Orpesa y Benicàssim Map
ES0000450 Spain Marjal i Estanys d'Almenara Map
ES0000438 Spain Carrizales y sotos del Jarama y Tajo Map
ES90ATL01 Spain El Cachucho Map
ES0000470 Spain Marjal dels Moros (ZEPA) Map
ES0000471 Spain l'Albufera (ZEPA) Map
ES0000467 Spain Prat de Cabanes i Torreblanca (ZEPA) Map
ES0000444 Spain Serra d'Irta (ZEPA) Map
ES1200016 Spain Ría del Eo Map
ES1200006 Spain Ría de Villaviciosa Map
UKGIB0002 United Kingdom Southern Waters of Gibraltar Map
CY6000010 Cyprus ZONI EIDIKIS PROSTASIAS LIMNI OROKLINIS Map
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GR1150012 Greece THASOS (OROS YPSARIO KAI PARAKTIA ZONI) KAI NISIDES KOINYRA, XIRONISI Map
GR2540008 Greece NOTIA MANI Map
GR1430007 Greece PERIOCHI TAMIEFTIRON PROIN LIMNIS KARLAS Map
GR3000016 Greece YGROTOPOS SCHINIA Map
GR4110012 Greece VOREIA LESVOS Map
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GR2420012 Greece OROS OCHI, PARAKTIA ZONI KAI NISIDES Map
GR4110013 Greece LESVOS: KOLPOS GERAS, ELI NTIPI KAI CHARAMIDA Map
ROSPA0066 Romania Limanu - Herghelia Map
FR7212018 France Bassin d'Arcachon et banc d'Arguin Map
FR3112006 France Bancs des Flandres Map
AT2111000 Austria Völkermarkter Stausee Map
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AT3225000 Austria Weidmoos Map
AT1110137 Austria Neusiedler See - Nordöstliches Leithagebirge Map
AT1216V00 Austria Tullnerfelder Donau-Auen Map
AT2104000 Austria Sablatnig Moor Map
AT3105000 Austria Unterer Inn Map
AT3402000 Austria Rheindelta Map
AT2113000 Austria Flachwasserbiotop Neudenstein Map
ES1200055 Spain Cabo Busto-Luanco Map
ES0000484 Spain el Fondo d'Elx-Crevillent (ZEPA) Map
ES0000487 Spain Marjal de Pego-Oliva (ZEPA) Map
ES0000486 Spain Salines de Santa Pola (ZEPA) Map
ES0000485 Spain Lagunas de la Mata y Torrevieja (ZEPA) Map
IT3340007 Italy Area marina di Miramare Map
IT51A0039 Italy Padule della Trappola, Bocca d'Ombrone Map
HR1000023 Croatia SZ Dalmacija i Pag Map
HR1000031 Croatia Delta Neretve Map
SI5000031 Slovenia Strunjan Map
IT5340022 Italy Litorale di Porto d'Ascoli (La Sentina) Map
NL9802018 Netherlands Haringvliet Map
ES0000497 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa da Morte Map
ES0000513 Spain Espacio marino del Baix Llobregat-Garraf Map
ES0000504 Spain Bahía de Málaga-Cerro Gordo Map
ES0000519 Spain Espacio marino del poniente de Mallorca Map
ES0000516 Spain Espacio marino del poniente y norte de Ibiza Map
ES0000512 Spain Espacio marino del Delta de l'Ebre-Illes Columbretes Map
ES0000495 Spain Espacio marino de Punta de Candelaria-Ría de Ortigueira-Estaca de Bares Map
ES0000494 Spain Espacio marino de Cabo Peñas Map
ES0000521 Spain Espacio marino del norte y oeste de Menorca Map
ES0000507 Spain Espacio marino de los Islotes Litorales de Murcia y Almería Map
ES0000490 Spain Espacio marino de la Ría de Mundaka-Cabo de Ogoño Map
ES0000499 Spain Espacio marino de las Rías Baixas de Galicia Map
ES0000518 Spain Espacio marino del sur de Mallorca y Cabrera Map
ES0000522 Spain Espacio marino del sureste de Menorca Map
ESZZ16010 Spain Espacio marino del entorno de Illes Columbretes Map
ES0000515 Spain Espacio marino de Formentera y del sur de Ibiza Map
ES0000501 Spain Espacio marino del Tinto y del Odiel Map
ES0000508 Spain Espacio marino de Tabarca-Cabo de Palos Map
ES0000506 Spain Bahía de Almería Map
NL9802026 Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe Map
ES0000517 Spain Espacio marino del levante de Ibiza Map
ES0000510 Spain Plataforma-talud marinos del Cabo de la Nao Map
ES0000496 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa de Ferrolterra-Valdoviño Map
ES0000500 Spain Golfo de Cádiz Map
ESZZ12003 Spain Sistema de cañones submarinos de Avilés Map
ES0000502 Spain Espacio marino de la Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000514 Spain Espacio marino de l'Empordà Map
ES0000520 Spain Espacio marino del norte de Mallorca Map
BE32036C0 Belgium Vallée de l'Eau Blanche à Virelles Map
BE32017C0 Belgium Vallée de la Haine en aval de Mons Map
PTZPE0060 Portugal Aveiro/ Nazaré Map
PTZPE0061 Portugal Cabo Raso Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc....ckColorLogged=FDC864

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) http://www.cms.int/
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family

http://www.unep-aewa.org/en/legalinstrument/aewa
Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention) http://www.helcom.fi/action-areas/species-and-habitats

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Gabbiano corallino Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gaivota-de-cabeça-preta Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gaviota Cabecinegra Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gaviota-de-cabeça-preta Portuguese EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Mediterranean Gull English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mouette mélanocéphale French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mustanmerenlokki Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Schwarzkopfmöwe German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sorthovedet måge Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Svarthuvad mås Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Szerecsensirály Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Zwartkopmeeuw Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:05750 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (invalid) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

47 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 3/51 (individuals) 1995-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Austria 20/40 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 250/250 (pairs) 1996-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 10/100 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belarus 0/20 (pairs) 1992-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belgium 0/5 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belgium 1439/1445 (pairs) 2000-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 0/25 (pairs) 1996-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 0/20 (individuals) 1997-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 11/100 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Cyprus 5/30 (individuals) 1994-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Czech Republic 30/40 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 0/6 (pairs) 1998-2001 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 0/1 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 3590/9825 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 2228/2300 (pairs) 2000-2001 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 113/113 (pairs) 1995-1999 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 1000/5000 (individuals) 1995-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 1000/1350 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece Mediterranean 2000/5000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Hungary 110/230 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland 1/3 (pairs) 1996-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 1979/1979 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 5000/20000 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Macedonia (FYR) 0/15 (individuals) 1999-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Malta 300/1000 (individuals) 1995-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 416/850 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 4/4 (individuals) 1999-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Poland 30/50 (pairs) 2000-2003 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal Present/Present (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 0/10 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 120/250 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 0/5 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Russian Federation 3000/10000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Serbia and Montenegro 30/50 (pairs) 2000-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 0/70 (pairs) 1980-1999 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovenia 2/5 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 2/3 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Switzerland 0/2 (pairs) 1993-1996 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Switzerland 0/1 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 2000/3000 (individuals) 1991-2001 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 4900/5500 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 100000/300000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 250/999 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 180000/336000 (pairs) 1983 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
United Kingdom 110/110 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom - Gibraltar 4/30 (individuals) 2000-2003 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

47 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 50% to 79% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 50% to 79% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Cyprus 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 9% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 30% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 50% to 79% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece Mediterranean 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Hungary 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing but of unknown magnitude Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Macedonia (FYR) 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Malta 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 630 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 200% to 300% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 30% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing but of unknown magnitude Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovenia 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 20% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1970-1990 Breeding Large increase of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 686 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom - Gibraltar 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

31 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2016-11-18 Czech Republic Report according to Art. 9.3 of the Birds Directive - CZ 2015 CZ_report_2015BD
2016-02-25 Germany Birds Derogation 2014 Birds_2014_GER.xml
2015-12-15 France France reporting Birds Directive 2013 corrected DREAL Centre Val de Loire
2015-12-11 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Centre Val de Loire
2015-09-30 Poland National Report on Derogation under the Birds Directive 2014 birds_directive_2014
2015-09-18 France France rapport art 9 directive oiseaux 79/409/CEE année 2013 DREAL_Centre_habides_export_2013_habitats_et_oiseaux.xml
2015-09-17 France France rapport art 9 directive oiseaux 79/409/CEE année 2012 CENTRE_habides_export_oiseaux.xml
2015-09-17 France France rapport art 9 directive oiseaux 79/409/CEE année 2012 NORD_PAS_DE_CALAIS_birds_habides_export.xml
2015-04-24 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2014 MALTA-Habides_Export_Birds-2014
2015-04-16 Netherlands Birds Directive Derogations 2013 NL_BD2013.xml
2015-03-26 Spain Bird derogations for Spain 2013 Birds Spain 2013
2015-03-19 Germany Birds Derogation 2011 Germany Birds_2011_GER.xml
2015-02-24 Germany Birds Derogation 2013 Germany Birds_2013_GER.xml
2015-01-15 Germany Birds Derogation 2012 Germany Birds Derogation 2012 Germany
2014-12-09 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2013 BG-NReport under Bird Directive 2013
2014-10-30 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives Habitats and Birds Derogations Report
2014-10-22 Belgium derogations Belgium BD 2013 20141009_habides_export_BE_BD_2013_final_uploaded_version.xml
2014-05-29 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2013 MALTA-Habides_Export_Birds-2013
2013-12-18 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012 BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012
2013-12-12 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2012 MALTA-Habides_Export_Birds-2012.xml
2013-12-10 Portugal PT_Birds_2012.xml PT_Birds_2012
2013-10-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2012 Derogations report BD BE2012
2012-10-30 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Dept. of Env., Northern Ireland
2012-10-16 Bulgaria National Report on Derogations under Bird Directive 2011 BG_Derogations under Bird Directive 2011
2012-05-29 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2009 Derogations Belgium BD 2009
2012-01-10 Bulgaria National Report on Derogations under Bird Directive 2010 Bird Directiv Report 2010
2012-01-04 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2009 error Derogations Flanders BD & HD 2009
2011-11-11 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2010 NE contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2011-10-17 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives (2009-2010) birds derogations
2010-12-10 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2007-2008 derogations2007_VL.xml
2010-11-24 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogations under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2009 NE contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

28 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Praha 2015-06-25 2065-06-25 Není možné předem určit množství dotčených jedinců. Držení v zajetí Žádné, jedná se pouze o držení kadáverů.
Praha 2015-06-25 2065-06-25 Není možné předem určit množství dotčených jedinců. Přeprava Žádné, jedná se pouze o držení kadáverů.
Poland 2014-10-01 2016-05-30 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species. Deliberate disturbance and scaring away is caused by people and the noise mahinery.
Mazowieckie 2014-10-01 2016-05-30 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species. Deliberate disturbance and scaring away is caused by people and the noise mahinery.
Malta 2014-01-01 2014-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Stuffing In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2014-01-01 2014-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping for educational and scientific purpose In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Zuid-Holland 2013-04-01 2018-04-01 No information available Unavoidable disturbance due to construction activities The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zeeland 2013-04-01 2018-04-01 No information available Unavoidable disturbance due to construction activities The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Brabant 2013-04-01 2018-04-01 No information available Unavoidable disturbance due to construction activities The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Brabant 2013-03-15 2013-07-31 No information available Killing The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Brabant 2013-03-15 2013-07-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Brabant 2013-03-15 2013-07-31 No information available Deliberate taking of eggs and destruction, damage to and removal of nests The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Lubuskie 2013-02-19 2015-12-31 Number of individuals impossible to define for disturbance. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away no impact on Populations.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Stuffing In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping for educational and scientific purpose In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Stuffing In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping for educational and scientific purpose In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Warminsko-Mazurskie 2012-05-10 2012-06-20 unspecified Deliberate disturbance, scaring away none
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 60 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 60 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Malta 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Stuffing In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping for educational and scientific purpose In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Bulgaria 2011-04-01 2012-12-31 The permit allows 5 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Bulgaria 2011-04-01 2012-12-31 The permit allows 5 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
United Kingdom 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 not normally restricted Capture (ringing) nil
Mazowieckie 2010-09-01 2014-09-30 unknown number of local population Deliberate disturbance, scaring away none
Bulgaria 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 60 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Bulgaria 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 60 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100