Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Artiodactyla > Family: Cervidae > Genus: Alces > Species: Alces alces

Elk - Alces alces (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by 1 international agreement
Reported as invasive by NOBANIS
Most preferred habitats
  • wetlands
  • woodland and forest
May also occur in
  • grassland
  • heathland and shrub
Natura 2000 species code 2643


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Cervidae)

Common names and synonyms

Synonym Author
Cervus alces Linnaeus, 1758
Alces europaeus Burnett, 1829
Alces machalis Ogilby, 1836
Alces antiquorum Rüppell, 1842
Alces palmatus Gray, 1843
Alces jubata Fitzinger, 1860
Cervus coronatus Lesson, 1827
Alecephalus alce Gloger, 1841
Alces machalis typicus Ward, 1910
Alces machalis uralensis Matschie, 1913
Alces machalis tymensis Zukovsky, 1915
Alces machalis angusticephalus Zukowsky, 1915
Alces alces cameloides Milne-Edwards, 1867
Alces cameloides Milne-Edwards, 1867
Alces bedfordiae Lydekker, 1902
Alces machalis yakutskensis Millais, 1911
Alces pfizenmayeri Zukowsky, 1910

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100