Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Passeriformes > Family: Fringillidae > Genus: Loxia > Species: Loxia curvirostra

Crossbill - Loxia curvirostra Linnaeus, 1758

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 1 other international agreement
Breeding habitats
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code A369

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DE4229301 Germany Hochharz Map
DE4229401 Germany Vogelschutzgebiet Hochharz Map
DE5314303 Germany NSG Krombachtalsperre Map
DE5723302 Germany Westerngrund von Neuengronau und Breunings Map
ES0000007 Spain Cañón del Río Lobos - ZEPA Map
ES0000010 Spain Sierra de Guadarrama - ZEPA Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000035 Spain Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Map
ES0000037 Spain Es Trenc - Salobrar de Campos Map
ES0000038 Spain S'Albufera de Mallorca Map
ES0000045 Spain Sierra Alhamilla Map
ES0000073 Spain Costa Brava de Mallorca Map
ES0000074 Spain Cap de cala Figuera Map
ES0000081 Spain Cap Enderrocat - Cap Blanc Map
ES0000084 Spain Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera Map
ES0000145 Spain Mondragó Map
ES0000186 Spain Pinares del Bajo Alberche - ZEPA Map
ES0000189 Spain Campo Azálvaro - Pinares de Peguerinos - ZEPA Map
ES0000193 Spain Sierra de la Tesla-Valdivielso - ZEPA Map
ES0000210 Spain Alto Sil Map
ES0000221 Spain Sa Dragonera Map
ES0000222 Spain La Trapa Map
ES0000364 Spain Omaña - ZEPA Map
ES2110003 Spain Urkabustaizko irla-hariztiak / Robledales isla de Urkabustaiz Map
ES4110002 Spain Sierra de Gredos Map
ES4120012 Spain Sierra de la Demanda - ZEPA Map
ES4120028 Spain Monte Santiago Map
ES4120030 Spain Montes Obarenes Map
ES4120031 Spain Sabinares del Arlanza - ZEPA Map
ES4130003 Spain Picos de Europa en Castilla y León Map
ES4130022 Spain Montes Aquilanos Map
ES4130024 Spain Sierra de la Cabrera - ZEPA Map
ES4130035 Spain Valle de San Emiliano Map
ES4140011 Spain Fuentes Carrionas y Fuente Cobre-Montaña Palentina Map
ES4150005 Spain Las Batuecas-Sierra de Francia -ZEPA Map
ES4150006 Spain Candelario - ZEPA Map
ES4160048 Spain Lagunas de Cantalejo - ZEPA Map
ES4170013 Spain Sierra de Urbión Map
ES4170044 Spain Sierra del Moncayo - ZEPA Map
ES6110003 Spain Sierra Maria - Los Vélez Map
ES6130002 Spain Sierra Subbética Map
ES6140004 Spain Sierra Nevada Map
ES6170002 Spain Acantilados de Maro-Cerro Gordo Map
ES6170003 Spain Desfiladero de Los Gaitanes Map
ES6170006 Spain Sierra de Las Nieves Map
ES6170007 Spain Sierras de Tejeda, Almijara y Alhama Map
GR2320004 Greece AISTHITIKO DASOS KALAVRYTON Map
IT1110006 Italy Orsiera Rocciavré Map
IT1110080 Italy Val Troncea Map
IT1160021 Italy Gruppo del Tenibres Map
IT1160056 Italy Alpi Marittime Map
IT1313712 Italy Cima di Piano Cavallo - Bric Cornia Map
IT1313776 Italy Piancavallo Map
IT1314611 Italy Monte Gerbonte Map
IT1314679 Italy Toraggio - Gerbonte Map
IT1315380 Italy Testa d'Alpe - Alto Map
IT1315421 Italy Monte Toraggio - Monte Pietravecchia Map
IT1321313 Italy Foresta della Deiva - Torrente Erro Map
IT1331578 Italy Beigua - Turchino Map
IT2010003 Italy Versante Nord del Campo dei Fiori Map
IT2010004 Italy Grotte del Campo dei Fiori Map
IT2020003 Italy Palude di Albate Map
IT2020301 Italy Triangolo Lariano Map
IT2030003 Italy Monte Barro Map
IT2030301 Italy Monte Barro Map
IT2040003 Italy Val Federia Map
IT2040005 Italy Valle della Forcola Map
IT2040006 Italy La Vallaccia - Pizzo Filone Map
IT2040007 Italy Passo e Monte di Foscagno Map
IT2040011 Italy Monte Vago - Val di Campo - Val Nera Map
IT2040012 Italy Val Viola Bormina - Ghiacciaio di Cima dei Piazzi Map
IT2040016 Italy Monte di Scerscen - Ghiacciai di Scerscen - Monte Motta Map
IT2040017 Italy Disgrazia - Sissone Map
IT2040018 Italy Val Codera Map
IT2040020 Italy Val di Mello - Piano di Preda Rossa Map
IT2040021 Italy Val di Togno - Pizzo Scalino Map
IT2040024 Italy da Monte Belvedere a Vallorda Map
IT2040027 Italy Valle del Bitto di Gerola Map
IT2040034 Italy Valle d'Arigna e Ghiacciaio di Pizzo di Coca Map
IT2040038 Italy Val Fontana Map
IT2040039 Italy Val Zerta Map
IT2040040 Italy Val Bodengo Map
IT2040044 Italy Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio Map
IT2060005 Italy Val Sedornia - Val Zurio - Pizzo della Presolana Map
IT2060006 Italy Boschi del Giovetto di Paline Map
IT2060304 Italy Val di Scalve Map
IT2070001 Italy Torbiere del Tonale Map
IT2070002 Italy Monte Piccolo - Monte Colmo Map
IT2070003 Italy Val Rabbia e Val Galinera Map
IT2070005 Italy Pizzo Badile - Alta Val Zumella Map
IT2070006 Italy Pascoli di Crocedomini - Alta Val Caffaro Map
IT2070008 Italy Cresta Monte Colombé e Cima Barbignaga Map
IT2070010 Italy Piz Olda - Val Malga Map
IT2070011 Italy Torbiera La Goia Map
IT2070017 Italy Valli di San Antonio Map
IT2070021 Italy Valvestino Map
IT2070022 Italy Corno della Marogna Map
IT2070023 Italy Belvedere - Tri Plane Map
IT2070301 Italy Foresta di Legnoli Map
IT2070302 Italy Val Caffaro Map
IT2070303 Italy Val Grigna Map
IT2080021 Italy Monte Alpe Map
IT2080301 Italy Boschi del Ticino Map
IT3120020 Italy Palu' Longa Map
IT3120031 Italy Masi Carretta Map
IT3120034 Italy Paludi di Sternigo Map
IT3120041 Italy Lago Costa Map
IT3120045 Italy Lagabrun Map
IT3120046 Italy Prati di Monte Map
IT3120054 Italy La Rupe Map
IT3120056 Italy Palu' Longia Map
IT3120057 Italy Palu' Tremole Map
IT3120096 Italy Bocca di Caset Map
IT3120109 Italy Valle Flanginech Map
IT3210039 Italy Monte Baldo Ovest Map
IT3210040 Italy Monti Lessini - Pasubio - Piccole Dolomiti Vicentine Map
IT3230017 Italy Monte Pelmo - Mondeval - Formin Map
IT3230060 Italy Torbiere di Danta Map
IT3230071 Italy Dolomiti di Ampezzo Map
IT3230077 Italy Foresta del Cansiglio Map
IT3230078 Italy Gruppo del Popera - Dolomiti di Auronzo e di Val Comelico Map
IT3230080 Italy Val Talagona - Gruppo Monte Cridola - Monte Duranno Map
IT3230083 Italy Dolomiti Feltrine e Bellunesi Map
IT3230084 Italy Civetta - Cime di San Sebastiano Map
IT3260017 Italy Colli Euganei - Monte Lozzo - Monte Ricco Map
IT4010013 Italy Monte Dego, Monte Veri, Monte delle Tane Map
IT5210001 Italy Boschi di Monti di Sodolungo - Rosso (Città di Castello) Map
IT5210004 Italy Boschi di Pietralunga Map
IT5310006 Italy Colle S. Bartolo Map
IT5310024 Italy Colle San Bartolo e litorale pesarese Map
IT9310069 Italy Parco Nazionale della Calabria Map
PLB200002 Poland Puszcza Augustowska Map
PTZPE0033 Portugal Pico da Vara / Ribeira do Guilherme - Ilha de S. Miguel Map
SKUEV0332 Slovakia Čergov Map
SKUEV0163 Slovakia Rudava Map
SKUEV0106 Slovakia Muráň Map
SKUEV0218 Slovakia Močiarka Map
IT2030601 Italy Grigne Map
SKUEV0166 Slovakia Ciglát Map
SKUEV0287 Slovakia Galmus Map
SKUEV0113 Slovakia Dlhé lúky Map
IT9350154 Italy Torrente Menta Map
ES6110004 Spain Sierra del Oso Map
SKUEV0172 Slovakia Bežnisko Map
IT2040403 Italy Riserva Regionale Paluaccio di Oga Map
SKUEV0313 Slovakia Devínske jazero Map
IT2040601 Italy Bagni di Masino - Pizzo Badile - Val di Mello - Val Torrone - Piano di Preda Rossa Map
SKUEV0102 Slovakia Čertov Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
IT5220010 Italy Monte Solenne (Valnerina) Map
SKUEV0282 Slovakia Tisovský kras Map
SKUEV0116 Slovakia Jakubovské rybníky Map
IT2040602 Italy Valle dei Ratti - Cime di Gaiazzo Map
IT2040401 Italy Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi Map
SKUEV0171 Slovakia Zelienka Map
SKUEV0226 Slovakia Vanišovec Map
SKUEV0220 Slovakia Šaštínsky potok Map
IT5220016 Italy Monte la Pelosa - Colle Fergiara (Valnerina) Map
SKUEV0125 Slovakia Gajarské alúvium Moravy Map
IT9310071 Italy Vallone Freddo Map
ES6150012 Spain Dehesa del Estero y Montes de Moguer Map
IT2010019 Italy Monti della Valcuvia Map
IT3321001 Italy Alpi Carniche Map
SKUEV0225 Slovakia Muránska planina Map
SKUEV0367 Slovakia Holubyho kopanice Map
SKUEV0310 Slovakia Kráľovohoľské Tatry Map
SKUEV0219 Slovakia Malina Map
IT1343415 Italy Guaitarola Map
IT2070401 Italy Parco Naturale Adamello Map
SKUEV0204 Slovakia Homoľa Map
IT9310079 Italy Cozzo del Principe Map
IT2070402 Italy Alto Garda Bresciano Map
IT3230089 Italy Dolomiti del Cadore e del Comelico Map
SKUEV0319 Slovakia Poľana Map
IT2040402 Italy Riserva Regionale Bosco dei Bordighi Map
SKUEV0179 Slovakia Červený rybník Map
IT9310083 Italy Pineta del Cupone Map
ES6140006 Spain Sierra de Arana Map
IT1323201 Italy Finalese - Capo Noli Map
SKUEV0316 Slovakia Šranecké piesky Map
ES6170011 Spain Sierra Blanca Map
PTCON0008 Portugal Sintra / Cascais Map
IT2060401 Italy Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche Map
SKUEV0203 Slovakia Stolica Map
IT1315313 Italy Gouta - Testa d'Alpe - Valle Barbaira Map
SKUEV0331 Slovakia Čergovský Minčol Map
IT9310067 Italy Foreste Rossanesi Map
PLH020047 Poland Torfowiska Gór Izerskich Map
SKUEV0281 Slovakia Tŕstie Map
SKUEV0200 Slovakia Klenovský Vepor Map
SKUEV0173 Slovakia Kotlina Map
ROSPA0107 Romania Vânători - Neamţ Map
ROSPA0025 Romania Cozia - Buila - Vânturariţa Map
ROSPA0081 Romania Munţii Apuseni - Vlădeasa Map
ROSPA0093 Romania Pădurea Bogata Map
AT2211000 Austria Hartberger-Gmoos Map
AT3210001 Austria Hohe Tauern, Salzburg Map
ROSPA0133 Romania Munţii Călimani Map
ROSPA0134 Romania Munţii Gutâi Map
ROSPA0141 Romania Subcarpaţii Vrancei Map
ES5310127 Spain Costa Brava de Tramuntana Map
ES5310128 Spain Cap Enderrocat i cap Blanc Map
ES5310125 Spain Albufera de Mallorca Map
IT4050032 Italy Monte dei Cucchi, Pian di Balestra Map
PTMIG0024 Portugal Serra da Tronqueira / Planalto dos Graminhais Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Bec-croisé des sapins French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Crociere Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Crossbill English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Cruza-bico-comum Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Fichtenkreuzschnabel German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kruisbek Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mindre korsnäbb Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pikkukäpylintu Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Piquituerto Común Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:16660 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

52 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 500/2000 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Andorra 300/1000 (pairs) 1999-2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Armenia 50/100 (pairs) 1995-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Austria 60000/150000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 0/250 (pairs) 1996-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 50/400 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belarus 2000/20000 (pairs) 1997-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belarus 10000/19999 (individuals) 1997-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belgium 2500/9999 (pairs) 2001-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 3000/6000 (pairs) 1996-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 2500/5000 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 2500/5000 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Cyprus 1000/3000 (pairs) 1994-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Czech Republic 30000/100000 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 1000/3000 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 1000/50000 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 1000/100000 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 50000/400000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 15000/75000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Georgia Present/Present (pairs) 2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 27000/100000 (pairs) 1995-1999 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 5000/10000 (pairs) 1995-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 30000/50000 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Hungary 200/400 (pairs) 1995-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland 1000/2499 (pairs) 1988-1991 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 30000/60000 (pairs) 2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia 1000/15000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Liechtenstein 50/100 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Liechtenstein 100/200 (individuals) 1998-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Lithuania 3000/30000 (pairs) 1999-2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Luxembourg 100/1000 (individuals) 2000-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Luxembourg 0/50 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Macedonia (FYR) 1000/5000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 5/15 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 100/3500 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 100000/500000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Poland 2500/9999 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal 0/100 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal Present/Present (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 100000/800000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 125000/680000 (pairs) 2000-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 5000000/10000000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Serbia and Montenegro 4000/6700 (pairs) 1995-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 25000/50000 (pairs) 1990-1999 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 40000/70000 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovenia 5000/10000 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 140000/190000 (pairs) 1992 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 100000/500000 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Switzerland 30000/60000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 10000/30000 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 3600/8000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 1000/20000 (pairs) 1968-1990 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

52 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Andorra 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Armenia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating : 80 % Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 30% to 49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 30% to 49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Cyprus 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 9% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 500% to 1000% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 20% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Georgia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 50% to 79% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Liechtenstein 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Liechtenstein 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Luxembourg 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Luxembourg 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Macedonia (FYR) 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Breeding Stable : 4 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 50% to 79% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 10% to 39% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovenia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating : 80 % Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

36 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2016-11-18 Czech Republic Report according to Art. 9.3 of the Birds Directive - CZ 2015 CZ_report_2015BD
2016-04-29 Austria report BD Report Art 9 BD 2013
2016-02-25 Germany Birds Derogation 2014 Birds_2014_GER.xml
2015-12-11 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Alsace
2015-12-11 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Lorraine
2015-12-11 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files PACA
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Auvergne
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Franche Comté
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Poitou Charentes
2015-10-09 Czech Republic Report according to Art. 9.3 of the Birds Directive - CZ 2014 Report according to Art. 9.3 of the Birds Directive - CZ 2014
2015-09-30 Poland National Report on Derogation under the Birds Directive 2014 birds_directive_2014
2015-04-24 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2014 MALTA-Habides_Export_Birds-2014
2015-03-26 Spain Bird derogations for Spain 2013 Birds Spain 2013
2015-03-19 Germany Birds Derogation 2011 Germany Birds_2011_GER.xml
2015-02-24 Germany Birds Derogation 2013 Germany Birds_2013_GER.xml
2015-01-15 Germany Birds Derogation 2012 Germany Birds Derogation 2012 Germany
2014-12-09 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2013 BG-NReport under Bird Directive 2013
2014-10-23 Spain Birds Derogation for Spain 2012 Birds Derogation for Spain 2012
2014-10-22 Belgium derogations Belgium BD 2013 20141009_habides_export_BE_BD_2013_final_uploaded_version.xml
2014-09-30 Finland Bird 2013 FI_bird_report_2013
2014-05-29 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2013 MALTA-Habides_Export_Birds-2013
2013-12-18 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012 BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012
2013-12-12 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2012 MALTA-Habides_Export_Birds-2012.xml
2013-10-16 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2011 Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2011
2013-10-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2012 Derogations report BD BE2012
2012-10-30 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Dept. of Env., Northern Ireland
2012-10-16 Bulgaria National Report on Derogations under Bird Directive 2011 BG_Derogations under Bird Directive 2011
2012-05-29 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2009 Derogations Belgium BD 2009
2012-01-10 Bulgaria National Report on Derogations under Bird Directive 2010 Bird Directiv Report 2010
2012-01-04 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2009 error Derogations Flanders BD & HD 2009
2011-11-11 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2010 NE contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2011-11-11 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2010 SNH contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2011-10-17 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives (2009-2010) birds derogations
2010-12-10 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2007-2008 derogations2007_VL.xml
2010-10-14 Bulgaria Report Birds Directives 2009 Report Birds Directives 2009
2010-01-10 Bulgaria Report Habitat and Birds Directives 2007 - 2008 Derogations Habitat and Birds Directives 2007 - 2008

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

51 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Sachsen 2013-04-09 2100-01-01 2 Exemplare Loxia curvirostra, 2 Exemplare Carduelis spinus Fang zur Haltung in Gefangenschaft keine
Sachsen 2013-04-09 2100-01-01 2 Exemplare Loxia curvirostra, 2 Exemplare Carduelis spinus Fang (Jagd mit Netzen) keine
Sachsen 2013-04-09 2100-01-01 2 Exemplare Loxia curvirostra, 2 Exemplare Carduelis spinus ursprünglich illegal gefangen keine
Lubuskie 2013-02-19 2015-12-31 Number of individuals impossible to define for disturbance. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away no impact on Populations.
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2013-02-07 2013-12-31 Ausstopfen keine
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 For the activity in question, a limit was not given for the number of individuals (birds) which could be ringed. Capture (ringing) In view of the fact that the birds are all released back into the wild after ringing, Malta does not envisage that this activity would impact the population.
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2013-01-01 2013-31-12 keine Vogaben Fang zur Beringung keine
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 For the activity in question, a limit was not given for the number of individuals (birds) which could be ringed. Capture (ringing) In view of the fact that the birds are all released back into the wild after ringing, Malta does not envisage that this activity would impact the population.
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 600 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 600 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Severoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 50 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Severoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 50 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Keeping in captivity No impact
Yugoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 50 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Yugoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 50 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Keeping in captivity No impact
Severoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 50 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Severoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 50 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Keeping in captivity No impact
Yugoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 50 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Yugoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 50 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Keeping in captivity No impact
Severoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 50 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Severoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 50 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Keeping in captivity No impact
Yugoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 50 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Yugoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-10-31 The permit allows 50 specimens from each species to be caught and ringed. Keeping in captivity No impact
Malta 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 For the activity in question, a limit was not given for the number of individuals (birds) which could be ringed. Capture (ringing) In view of the fact that the birds are all released back into the wild after ringing, Malta does not envisage that this activity would impact the population.
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 Es werden nur in Ausnahmefällen Genhmigungen zur Vogelberingung ausgegeben, in denen die zu beringenden Arten und Zahlen explizit aufgelistet sind. Die zu beringenden Arten werden in Projekten der Behörden für die Umweltbeobachtung und der Verbände festgelegt. Fang zur Beringung keine
Malta 2011-02-03 2011-12-31 For the activity in question, a limit was not given for the number of individuals (birds) which could be ringed. Capture (ringing) In view of the fact that the birds are all released back into the wild after ringing, Malta does not envisage that this activity would impact the population.
Germany 2011-01-13 2012-12-31 Zahl nicht vorhersehbar Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurz der Natur entnommen
Thüringen 2011-01-13 2012-12-31 Zahl nicht vorhersehbar Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurz der Natur entnommen
Germany 2011-01-13 2012-12-31 Zahl nicht vorhersehbar Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurz der Natur entnommen
Thüringen 2011-01-13 2012-12-31 Zahl nicht vorhersehbar Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurz der Natur entnommen
Germany 2011-01-13 2012-12-31 Zahl nicht vorhersehbar Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurz der Natur entnommen
Thüringen 2011-01-13 2012-12-31 Zahl nicht vorhersehbar Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurz der Natur entnommen
Germany 2011-01-13 2012-12-31 Zahl nicht vorhersehbar Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurz der Natur entnommen
Thüringen 2011-01-13 2012-12-31 Zahl nicht vorhersehbar Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurz der Natur entnommen
United Kingdom 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 not normally restricted Capture (ringing) nil
Severoiztochen 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 50 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Yugoiztochen 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 50 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Yuzhen tsentralen 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 50 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Severoiztochen 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 50 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Yugoiztochen 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 50 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Yuzhen tsentralen 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 50 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Yugoiztochen 2008-04-01 2008-12-31 Scientific researches on the migration of birds. Capture (ringing) No impact
Yugozapaden 2008-04-01 2008-12-31 Scientific researches on the migration of birds. Capture (ringing) No impact
Yuzhen tsentralen 2008-04-01 2008-12-31 Scientific researches on the migration of birds. Capture (ringing) No impact
Germany 2005-03-04 2011-12-31 vor Fang keine exakte Anzahl möglich Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurze Entnahme
Thüringen 2005-03-04 2011-12-31 vor Fang keine exakte Anzahl möglich Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurze Entnahme
Germany 2005-03-04 2011-12-31 vor Fang keine exakte Anzahl möglich Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurze Entnahme
Thüringen 2005-03-04 2011-12-31 vor Fang keine exakte Anzahl möglich Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurze Entnahme
Germany 2005-03-04 2011-12-31 vor Fang keine exakte Anzahl möglich Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurze Entnahme
Thüringen 2005-03-04 2011-12-31 vor Fang keine exakte Anzahl möglich Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurze Entnahme
Germany 2005-03-04 2011-12-31 vor Fang keine exakte Anzahl möglich Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurze Entnahme
Thüringen 2005-03-04 2011-12-31 vor Fang keine exakte Anzahl möglich Fang zur Beringung keine, da nur kurze Entnahme
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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