Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Artiodactyla > Family: Bovidae > Genus: Bison > Species: Bison bonasus

European bison - Bison bonasus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Vulnerable (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Continental - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 14 are designated for this species
Reported as invasive by NOBANIS
Most preferred habitats
  • grassland
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code 2647


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
PLC180001 Poland Bieszczady Map
PLC200004 Poland Puszcza Białowieska Map
SKCHVU002 Slovakia Bukovské vrchy Map
SKCHVU011 Slovakia Laborecká vrchovina Map
PLH320045 Poland Mirosławiec Map
PLH320023 Poland Jezioro Lubie i Dolina Drawy Map
SKUEV0387 Slovakia Beskyd Map
PLH320011 Poland Jezioro Wielki Bytyń Map
PLH320019 Poland Wolin i Uznam Map
PLH200006 Poland Ostoja Knyszyńska Map
PLH280016 Poland Ostoja Borecka Map
SKUEV0229 Slovakia Bukovské vrchy Map
PLB300012 Poland Puszcza nad Gwdą Map
PLH200019 Poland Jelonka Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Bisão Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bison Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bison d'Europe French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bisonte europeo Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bisonte europeo Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bizon Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bizon Turkish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bizoni Albanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Buflu Maltese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Euroopa piison Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Európai bölény Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
European bison English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Pürg Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Stumbras Lithuanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sumbrs Latvian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Visent Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Visent Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Visentti Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vísundur Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wisent Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wisent German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Zimbru Romanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Zober Slovenian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Zubor hrivnatý Slovak Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Zubr Czech Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
zubr Polish Polish NRC
Synonym Author
Bos banasus Linnaeus, 1758
Bos urus Boddaert, 1785
Urus nostras Bojanus, 1827
Bison europaeus Owen, 1849
Bison bonasus caucasius Grevé, 1906

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

2 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Podkarpackie 2010-01-01 2011-12-31 Unspecified Filming There is no impact on the population.
Podkarpackie 2009-02-01 2012-12-31 Unknown Photographs There is no impact on the population
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100