Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Anseriformes > Family: Anatidae > Genus: Melanitta > Species: Melanitta nigra

Common Scoter - Melanitta nigra (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 4 other international agreements
Natura 2000 species code A065

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BE2500121 Belgium Westkust Map
BEMNZ0001 Belgium Vlaamse Banken Map
DE1733301 Germany Sagas-Bank Map
DE2210401 Germany Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer und angrenzendes Küstenmeer Map
DE4921301 Germany Borkener See Map
DE5511401 Germany Engerser Feld Map
DE5920401 Germany Bong'sche Grube und Mainflinger Mainufer Map
DK005X094 Denmark Sejrø Bugt og Nekselø Map
DK008X073 Denmark Vresen og havet mellem Fyn og Langeland Map
DK00AY057 Denmark Vadehavet Map
DK00DX031 Denmark Stavns Fjord Map
DK00DX032 Denmark Farvandet nord for Anholt Map
DK00FX002 Denmark Ålborg Bugt, nordlige del Map
DK00FX345 Denmark Læsø, sydlige del Map
DK00FY015 Denmark Randers og Mariager Fjorde og Ålborg Bugt, sydlige del Map
DK00VA344 Denmark Ålborg Bugt, østlige del Map
DK00VA347 Denmark Sydlige Nordsø Map
EE0040001 Estonia Väinamere Map
EE0040201 Estonia Nõva-Osmussaare Map
EE0040346 Estonia Pärnu lahe Map
EE0040428 Estonia Koorunõmme Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000140 Spain Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES0000243 Spain Txingudi Map
ES0000260 Spain Mar Menor Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
ES2120018 Spain Txingudi-Bidasoa Map
ES2130005 Spain Gaztelugatxeko Doniene / San Juan de Gaztelugatx Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
ES6120002 Spain Cola del Embalse de Bornos Map
ES6150006 Spain Marismas del Río Piedras y Flecha del Rompido Map
FI0100028 Finland Laajalahden lintuvesi Map
FI0100046 Finland Tuusulanjärven lintuvesi Map
FI0100052 Finland Järvisuo-Ridasjärvi Map
FI0100062 Finland Vanhankaupunginlahden lintuvesi Map
FI0200027 Finland Viurilanlahti Map
FI0200029 Finland Suomijärvi Map
FI0200041 Finland Kulju Map
FI0200058 Finland Kuusistonlahti Map
FI0200075 Finland Gummandooran saaristo Map
FI0200089 Finland Mietoistenlahti Map
FI0200151 Finland Preiviikinlahti (SPA) Map
FI0200152 Finland Seksmiilarin saaristo Map
FI0200161 Finland Pyhäjärvi Map
FI0200164 Finland Saaristomeri Map
FI0303007 Finland Lehijärvi Map
FI0303017 Finland Vanajaveden lintualueet Map
FI0318002 Finland Kuorsumaanjärvi Map
FI0326003 Finland Ahtialanjärvi Map
FI0334001 Finland Hirtopohja Map
FI0355009 Finland Joutsenjärvi Map
FI0401002 Finland Haapajärvi-Säärystenjärvi Map
FI0414004 Finland Tuorusjärvi Map
FI0415001 Finland Siikalahti, Sammallampi, Rautalahti Map
FI0417004 Finland Kivijärvi Map
FI0419001 Finland Pieni- ja Suuri-Rautjärvi Map
FI0425001 Finland Lupinlahti Map
FI0427004 Finland Salajärvi-Ryönänlahti Map
FI0500006 Finland Juurikkasuo - Vehka- ja Uuhilampi Map
FI0500018 Finland Suurenaukeansuo - Isosuo - Pohjalampi Map
FI0600032 Finland Konnevesi-Kalaja-Niinivuori Map
FI0600051 Finland Maaningan lintujärvet Map
FI0700002 Finland Juurikkajärvi Map
FI0700003 Finland Päätyeenlahti Map
FI0700006 Finland Mattisenlahti Map
FI0700008 Finland Hovinlampi-Ylälampi Map
FI0700009 Finland Peijonniemenlahti Map
FI0800060 Finland Kuivasjärvi Map
FI0800130 Finland Merenkurkun saaristo Map
FI0800134 Finland Kristiinankaupungin saaristo Map
FI0900070 Finland Kolima-Keitele -koskireitti Map
FI0900077 Finland Onkisalo-Herjaanselkä Map
FI0900078 Finland Edessalo-Haukkasalo Map
FI0900079 Finland Vanhanselkä-Ruppavuori Map
FI1100001 Finland Haapaveden lintuvedet ja suot Map
FI1100201 Finland Hailuoto, pohjoisranta Map
FI1100202 Finland Kirkkosalmi Map
FI1100203 Finland Isomatala-Maasyvänlahti Map
FI1100204 Finland Ojakylänlahti ja Kengänkari Map
FI1100600 Finland Hiastinlahti Map
FI1101614 Finland Muojärvi Map
FI1101616 Finland Kitka Map
FI1101639 Finland Kokkojärvi - Kuivajärvi Map
FI1101640 Finland Pöytisjärvi Map
FI1101642 Finland Torankijärvi Map
FI1101802 Finland Nurmesjärvi Map
FI1102200 Finland Liminganlahti Map
FI1103000 Finland Kempeleenlahden ranta Map
FI1103200 Finland Akionlahti Map
FI1103400 Finland Olkijokisuu-Pattijoen pohjoishaara Map
FI1103802 Finland Ohtosensuo Map
FI1103803 Finland Kuusisuo-Hattusuo Map
FI1103809 Finland Ruosuo-Isosuo Map
FI1103820 Finland Sotkajärvi ja Helkalansuo-Kalettomansuo Map
FI1103830 Finland Hirvisuo Map
FI1104600 Finland Raahen saaristo Map
FI1105201 Finland Säärenperä ja Karinkannanmatala Map
FI1105202 Finland Siikajoen lintuvedet ja suot Map
FI1105405 Finland Salmitunturi - Rääpysjärvi Map
FI1106002 Finland Ahmasjärvi Map
FI1106602 Finland Räkäsuo Map
FI1200101 Finland Kuluntajärvi Map
FI1200745 Finland Hirvasjärvi, Raatejärvi ja Tulijärvi Map
FI1300101 Finland Pallas-Ounastunturi Map
FI1300105 Finland KÄSIVARREN ERÄMAA Map
FI1300111 Finland SOTKAVUOMA Map
FI1300201 Finland LEMMENJOEN KANSALLISPUISTO Map
FI1300211 Finland Ivalojokisuisto Map
FI1300302 Finland Perämeren saaret Map
FI1300601 Finland PULJUN ERÄMAA Map
FI1300616 Finland KIVIJÄRVI-PIKKU KIVIJÄRVI Map
FI1300801 Finland Muonionjärvi-Utkujoki Map
FI1301004 Finland Paamajärvi Map
FI1301005 Finland Pellojärvi-Säynäjäjärvi Map
FI1301506 Finland Kuoskunjärvi Map
FI1301602 Finland MARTIMOAAPA-LUMIAAPA-PENIKAT Map
FI1301611 Finland Kuivasjärvi Map
FI1301706 Finland Viiankiaapa Map
FI1301715 Finland Kulvakko Map
FI1301911 Finland Pajukari-Uksei-Alkunkarinlahti Map
FI1302001 Finland Kevo Map
FI1302002 Finland KALDOAIVIN ERÄMAA Map
FI1302104 Finland Meltosjärvet-Pysäjärvi Map
FI1302105 Finland Kainuunkylän saaret Map
FR2310044 France Estuaire et marais de la Basse Seine Map
FR2310045 France Littoral seino-marin Map
FR2510037 France Chausey Map
FR2510047 France Baie de Seine occidentale Map
FR2510048 France Baie du Mont Saint Michel Map
FR2512001 France Littoral augeron Map
FR3110085 France Cap Gris-Nez Map
FR5210008 France Lac de Grand Lieu Map
FR5210090 France Marais salants de Guérande, traicts du Croisic, dunes de Pen Bron Map
FR5310050 France Baie de Saint-Brieuc - Est Map
FR5310052 France Iles de la Colombière, de la Nellière et des Haches Map
FR5310056 France Baie d'Audierne Map
FR5310074 France Baie de Vilaine Map
FR5310093 France Baie de Quiberon Map
FR5410012 France Anse du Fier d'Ars en Ré Map
FR5410100 France Marais poitevin Map
FR5412012 France Bonne Anse, marais de Bréjat et de Saint Augustin Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
FR9312005 France Salines de l'Étang de Berre Map
GR1130010 Greece LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA Map
GR1150001 Greece DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA Map
GR1220009 Greece LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
IE0000297 Ireland Lough Corrib SAC Map
IE0000335 Ireland Ballinskelligs Bay and Inny Estuary SAC Map
IE0000440 Ireland Lough Ree SAC Map
IE0000470 Ireland Mullet/Blacksod Bay Complex SAC Map
IE0002070 Ireland Tralee Bay and Magharees Peninsula, West to Cloghane SAC Map
IE0002298 Ireland River Moy SAC Map
IE0004019 Ireland The Raven SPA Map
IE0004029 Ireland Castlemaine Harbour SPA Map
IE0004031 Ireland Inner Galway Bay SPA Map
IE0004037 Ireland Blacksod Bay/Broad Haven SPA Map
IE0004042 Ireland Lough Corrib SPA Map
IE0004050 Ireland Lough Arrow SPA Map
IE0004064 Ireland Lough Ree SPA Map
IT1205070 Italy Zona Umida di Les Iles di Saint - Marcel Map
IT2040022 Italy Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna Map
IT3120055 Italy Lago di Toblino Map
IT3210018 Italy Basso Garda Map
IT3330005 Italy Foce dell'Isonzo - Isola della Cona Map
IT3330006 Italy Valle Cavanata e Banco Mula di Muggia Map
IT4060002 Italy Valli di Comacchio Map
IT4060005 Italy Sacca di Goro, Po di Goro, Valle Dindona, Foce del Po di Volano Map
NL4000017 Netherlands Voordelta Map
NL9802001 Netherlands Noordzeekustzone Map
PLB040003 Poland Dolina Dolnej Wisły Map
PLB990002 Poland Przybrzeżne wody Bałtyku Map
PLB990003 Poland Zatoka Pomorska Map
PTZPE0004 Portugal Ria de Aveiro Map
PTZPE0009 Portugal Ilhas Berlengas Map
SE0820201 Sweden Padjelanta Map
SE0820287 Sweden Pessinki fjällurskog Map
UK9003057 United Kingdom Rinns of Islay Map
UK9004121 United Kingdom Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary Map
UK9004411 United Kingdom Firth of Forth Map
UK9005103 United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries Map
UK9006011 United Kingdom Lindisfarne Map
UK9008021 United Kingdom The Wash Map
UK9014091 United Kingdom Bae Caerfyrddin/ Carmarthen Bay Map
IT8050010 Italy Fasce litoranee a destra e a sinistra del Fiume Sele Map
DE1633491 Germany Ostsee östlich Wagrien Map
DE1813491 Germany Seevogelschutzgebiet Helgoland Map
IT2040042 Italy Pian di Spagna e Lago di Mezzola Map
ES6200006 Spain Espacios Abiertos e Islas del Mar Menor Map
PLH990002 Poland Ostoja na Zatoce Pomorskiej Map
SKUEV0313 Slovakia Devínske jazero Map
FI1301913 Finland Karunginjärvi Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
DE1123491 Germany Flensburger Förde Map
PLH040012 Poland Nieszawska Dolina Wisły Map
GR1220001 Greece LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
FI0100105 Finland Kirkkonummen saaristo (SPA) Map
GR1130009 Greece LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
BEMNZ0002 Belgium SBZ 1 / ZPS 1 Map
BG0002041 Bulgaria Kompleks Ropotamo Map
DE1011401 Germany SPA Östliche Deutsche Bucht Map
BEMNZ0003 Belgium SBZ 2 / ZPS 2 Map
DE0916491 Germany Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete Map
DE5914450 Germany Inselrhein Map
DE1652301 Germany Pommersche Bucht mit Oderbank Map
PLH320019 Poland Wolin i Uznam Map
FI1300907 Finland Kemihaaran suot Map
DE1339301 Germany Kadetrinne Map
DE1525491 Germany Eckernförder Bucht mit Flachgründen Map
FR5212007 France Marais du Mès, baie et dunes de Pont-Mahé, étang du Pont de Fer, île Dumet Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
DE1530491 Germany Östliche Kieler Bucht Map
DE1552401 Germany SPA Pommersche Bucht Map
FR5212009 France Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts Map
DE5316401 Germany Wiesentäler um Hohenahr und die Aartalsperre Map
PLH320018 Poland Ujście Odry i Zalew Szczeciński Map
PLH220033 Poland Dolna Wisła Map
FI0700025 Finland Värtsilän laakso (SPA) Map
GR1250004 Greece ALYKI KITROUS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
BG0002095 Bulgaria Gorni Dabnik - Telish Map
DE1251301 Germany Adlergrund Map
IT2010502 Italy Canneti del Lago Maggiore Map
BG0000152 Bulgaria Pomoriysko ezero Map
DE4639451 Germany Leipziger Auwald Map
DE4342452 Germany Elbaue und Teichgebiete bei Torgau Map
DE4754451 Germany Talsperre Quitzdorf Map
DE4545452 Germany Elbtal zwischen Schöna und Mühlberg Map
DE4747451 Germany Moritzburger Kleinkuppenlandschaft Map
DE4642451 Germany Wermsdorfer Teich- und Waldgebiet Map
DE4740451 Germany Rückhaltebecken Stöhna Map
DE4340451 Germany Vereinigte Mulde Map
DE4941451 Germany Eschefelder Teiche Map
DE4840452 Germany Speicherbecken Borna und Teichgebiet Haselbach Map
DE4439451 Germany Goitzsche und Paupitzscher See Map
DE4752452 Germany Spreeniederung Malschwitz Map
DE4651451 Germany Doberschützer Wasser Map
DE4552451 Germany Biosphärenreservat Oberlausitzer Heide- und Teichlandschaft Map
DE4439452 Germany Agrarraum und Bergbaufolgelandschaft bei Delitzsch Map
DE4648452 Germany Teiche bei Zschorna Map
DE4940451 Germany Bergbaufolgelandschaft Haselbach Map
DE5145451 Germany Großhartmannsdorfer Großteich Map
DE4647451 Germany Mittleres Rödertal Map
BG0000271 Bulgaria Mandra - Poda Map
BG0002045 Bulgaria Kompleks Kamchia Map
BG0002060 Bulgaria Galata Map
PLH040039 Poland Włocławska Dolina Wisły Map
FR5312010 France Dunes et côtes de Trévignon Map
FR5212014 France Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf Map
FR7212016 France Panache de la Gironde Map
FR9112034 France Cap Bear- cap Cerbère Map
FR5212013 France Mor Braz Map
FR5412026 France Pertuis charentais - Rochebonne Map
UKGIB0002 United Kingdom Southern Waters of Gibraltar Map
UK9020294 United Kingdom Liverpool Bay / Bae Lerpwl Map
UK9020298 United Kingdom West Inverness-shire Lochs Map
IE0004228 Ireland Lough Conn and Lough Cullin SPA Map
IE0004151 Ireland Donegal Bay SPA Map
FR7212018 France Bassin d'Arcachon et banc d'Arguin Map
FR7212017 France Au droit de l'étang d'Hourtin-Carcans Map
FR3112006 France Bancs des Flandres Map
AT3402000 Austria Rheindelta Map
LV0900200 Latvia Akmensrags Map
LV0900400 Latvia Rigas lica rietumu piekraste Map
LV0900300 Latvia Irbes saurums Map
LV0900500 Latvia Selga uz rietumiem no Tujas Map
ES0000497 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa da Morte Map
ES0000513 Spain Espacio marino del Baix Llobregat-Garraf Map
ES0000504 Spain Bahía de Málaga-Cerro Gordo Map
ES0000512 Spain Espacio marino del Delta de l'Ebre-Illes Columbretes Map
ES0000495 Spain Espacio marino de Punta de Candelaria-Ría de Ortigueira-Estaca de Bares Map
ES0000494 Spain Espacio marino de Cabo Peñas Map
ES0000490 Spain Espacio marino de la Ría de Mundaka-Cabo de Ogoño Map
ES0000499 Spain Espacio marino de las Rías Baixas de Galicia Map
ES0000501 Spain Espacio marino del Tinto y del Odiel Map
ES0000508 Spain Espacio marino de Tabarca-Cabo de Palos Map
ES0000506 Spain Bahía de Almería Map
ES0000496 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa de Ferrolterra-Valdoviño Map
ES0000502 Spain Espacio marino de la Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000514 Spain Espacio marino de l'Empordà Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Birds not included in Appendix II) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) (Migratory species of Anatidae) http://www.cms.int/
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family

http://www.unep-aewa.org/en/legalinstrument/aewa
Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention) http://www.helcom.fi/action-areas/species-and-habitats

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Common Scoter English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Fekete réce Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Macreuse noire French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Markaczka Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mustalintu Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Negrón Común Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Orchetto marino Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pato-negro Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sjöorre Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Svartand Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Trauerente German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Zwarte Zeeëend Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:02130 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

37 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 0/14 (individuals) 1995-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Austria 1/1 (individuals) 1997-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belgium 931/9641 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 0/2 (individuals) 1997-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 1/10 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 240000/240000 (individuals) 1999-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 50/600 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 1000/2000 (pairs) 1999-2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 20/200 (individuals) 1999-2001 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 23000/45000 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 179000/179000 (individuals) 1987-2003 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 0/2 (individuals) 1995-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Hungary 0/1 (individuals) 1997-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 1/10 (individuals) 1978-1994 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 300/500 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland 14897/19906 (individuals) 1994-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland 80/100 (pairs) 1995-1999 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 150/400 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia 1000/5000 (individuals) 1992-1994 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Lithuania 250/999 (individuals) 1992-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 69000/69000 (individuals) 1999-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 1000/5000 (pairs) 1990-2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 2000/6000 (individuals) 1993-1996 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Poland 20000/99999 (individuals) 1992-1997 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal 6000/27000 (individuals) 1990-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 0/10 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 100000/120000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 6/26 (individuals) 1997-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 0/15 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovenia 0/2 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 271/16255 (individuals) 1990-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 1000/5000 (individuals) 1998-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 1500/3000 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 10/20 (individuals) 1991-2001 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 0/49 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 50000/50000 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 77/77 (pairs) 1996 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

37 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 30% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 30% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing but no trend value given Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovenia 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 0% to 100% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Stable : 1 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Wintering increasing : 83 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

15 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Poland 2014-06-01 2015-05-31 It is not possible to determine the number of individuals Capture (ringing) None
Poland 2014-02-15 2015-12-31 Too many spices to give a proper number Capture Small impact on all populations
Poland 2014-02-15 2015-12-31 Too many spices to give a proper number Stuffing Small impact on all populations
Poland 2014-02-15 2015-12-31 Too many spices to give a proper number Keeping in captivity Small impact on all populations
Zachodniopomorskie 2014-02-15 2015-12-31 Too many spices to give a proper number Capture Small impact on all populations
Zachodniopomorskie 2014-02-15 2015-12-31 Too many spices to give a proper number Stuffing Small impact on all populations
Zachodniopomorskie 2014-02-15 2015-12-31 Too many spices to give a proper number Keeping in captivity Small impact on all populations
Groningen 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Capture The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Groningen 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Friesland (NL) 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Capture The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Friesland (NL) 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Capture The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
United Kingdom 2011-02-25 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
United Kingdom 2011-02-21 2011-10-31 The licence permits taking of infertile eggs for analysis - no limit is put on this because it will have no negative impact on the conservation status of the species Taking of eggs Negligible/Zero
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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