Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Carnivora > Family: Canidae > Genus: Vulpes > Species: Vulpes vulpes > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Vulpes vulpes anatolica Thomas, 1920 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Vulpes vulpes hellenica Douma-Petridou & Ondrias, 1980 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Vulpes vulpes ichnusae Miller, 1907 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Vulpes vulpes silacea Miller, 1907 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Vulpes vulpes stepensis Ognev, 1924 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Vulpes vulpes vulpes (Linnaeus, 1758) Fauna Europaea (2005)

Red fox - Vulpes vulpes (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Most preferred habitats
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • heathland and shrub
  • woodland and forest
May also occur in
  • grassland
  • rivers and lakes
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • urban
  • wetlands
Natura 2000 species code 5906

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Dhelpra Albanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Fuuss Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Kettu Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Lapsa Latvian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Lis Polish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Lisica Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Lisica Slovenian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Líška hrdzavá Slovak Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Liška obecná Czech Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Raposa Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rauðrefur Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Räv Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rebane Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Red fox English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Renard roux French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rev Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rotfuchs German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ræv Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rødrev Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Tilki Turkish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Volpe comune Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Volpi Maltese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vörös róka Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vos Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vulpe Romanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Zorro rojo Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Canis vulpes Linnaeus, 1758
Canis alopex Linnaneus, 1758
Canis vulpus Thunberg, 1798
Vulpes vulgaris Oken, 1816
Vulpes nigro-argenteus Nillson, 1820
Vulpes communis Burnett, 1830

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100